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7-20-8

(1907), a “comedy of to‐day” by Augustin Daly. [Daly's Theatre, 49 perf.] Portrait of a Lady, picture #728 at the annual Academy exhibition, so lovingly depicts a beautiful woman ...

James Harrington

James Harrington  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1611–77),published his great republican work The Commonwealth of Oceana in 1656 and wrote several tracts in defence of this work, and other political works (The Prerogative of Popular Government, ...
aspect ratio

aspect ratio  

Of a fin or wing, the ratio of length to width. A high-aspect-ratio fin or wing tends to be long and thin, producing a high lift- or thrust-to-drag ratio.
academies

academies  

Are societies or institutions for the cultivation and promotion of literature, the arts or science, or of some particular branch of science such as medicine, for example, the Académie de ...
abortion

abortion  

There is no actual prohibition in the Bible against aborting a foetus. Nevertheless, in the unanimously accepted Jewish consensus, abortion is a very serious offence, though foeticide is not treated ...
Darwinism

Darwinism  

The theory of evolution by natural selection, often used incorrectly as a synonym for the theory of evolution itself. The term ‘neo-Darwinism’ is often used to denote the ‘new synthesis’ (i.e. ...
television

television  

1. An electronic technology enabling the encoding and decoding of ‘moving images’ and synchronized sounds, together with their unidirectional, instantaneous, long-distance transmission and reception ...
Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin  

(1809–82)British naturalist, who studied medicine in Edinburgh followed by theology at Cambridge University, intending a career in the Church. However, his interest in natural history led him to ...
suicide

suicide  

The act of intentionally ending one's own life. A suicide pact is an agreement between two (or more) people to commit suicide together. See also euthanasia.
Adams, George Plimpton

Adams, George Plimpton (1882–1961)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
658 words

...Other Relevant Works “ ‘Everybody's World' and the Will to Believe, ” Journal of Philosophy 10 (1913): 186–8. “ Mind as Form and as Activity, ” Philosophical Review 22 (1913): 265–83. “ The Mind's Knowledge of Reality, ” Journal of Philosophy 12 (1915): 57–66. “ The Interpretation of Religion in Royce and Durkheim, ” Philosophical Review 25 (1916): 297–304. “ Activity and Objects in Dewey's Human Nature and Conduct, ” Journal of Philosophy 20 (1923): 596–603. “ The Basis of Objective Judgments in Ethics, ” International Journal of Ethics 37 (1927):...

Dreben, Burton Spencer

Dreben, Burton Spencer (1927–99)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
609 words

... 8 (1967): 229–33. “Herbrand-Style Consistency Proofs,” with J. S. Denton, Jr. , in Intuitionism and Proof Theory , ed. A. Kino, J. Myhill, and R. E. Vesley (Amsterdam, 1970), pp. 419–33. The Decision Problem: Solvable Classes of Quantificational Formulas , with Warren D. Goldfarb (Reading, Mass., 1979). “Quine,” in Perspectives on Quine , ed. Robert Barrett and Roger Gibson (Oxford, 1990), pp. 81–95. “ Tautology: How Not to Use a Word, ” with Juliet Floyd , Synthese 87 (1991): 23–49. “ Putnam, Quine – and the Facts, ” Philosophical Topics 20...

Fuller, Lon Luvois

Fuller, Lon Luvois (1902–78)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
689 words

...the Law (New York, 1968). Other Relevant Works Fuller’s papers are at Harvard University Law School. Basic Contract Law (St. Paul, Minn., 1947; 7th edn 2001). Winston, Kenneth I. , ed. The Principles of Social Order: Selected Essays of Lon L. Fuller (Durham, N.C., 1981). Contains a bibliography of Fuller’s publications. Further Reading Bio 20thC Phils, Encyc Ethics, Routledge Encycl Phil, Who Was Who in Amer v7 Bechtler, Thomas W. , ed. Law in a Social Context: Liber Amicorum Honouring Professor Lon L. Fuller (Deventer, The Netherlands, 1978)....

Loemker, Leroy Earl

Loemker, Leroy Earl (1900–85)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
566 words

...” Journal of the History of Ideas 7 (1946): 397–410. “ Boyle and Leibniz, ” Journal of the History of Ideas 16 (1955): 22–43. Trans., Philosophical Papers and Letters , 2 vols, by Gottfried Leibniz (Chicago, 1956; 2nd edn, Dordrecht, 1969). “ Leibniz and the Herborn Encyclopedists, ” Journal of the History of Ideas 22 (1961): 323–38. “ The Case of the Emperor’s Clothes, ” Southern Journal of Philosophy 1 (1963): 1–8. “ Leibniz’s Conception of Philosophical Method, ” Zeitschrif für philosophische Forschung 20 (1966): 507–24. “ The Metaphysical...

Fries, Horace Snyder

Fries, Horace Snyder (1902–51)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
613 words

...Horace Snyder ( 1902–51 ) Horace Fries was born on 22 October 1902 in Richland Center, Wisconsin. He attended the University of Wisconsin, receiving a PhB in 1925 and a PhM in 1927 . He taught chemistry at Wisconsin in 1925–7 , and English at New Mexico Military Institute in 1927–8 . Returning to Wisconsin, he was Assistant Dean in the College of Letters and Science in 1929–30 while studying philosophy. He received his PhD in philosophy in 1934 , writing a dissertation on “The Development of Dewey ’s Utilitarianism.” From 1930 to 1937 ...

Allaire, Edwin Bonar, Jr.

Allaire, Edwin Bonar, Jr. (1930–)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
644 words

...Review 69 (1960): 485–96. “ Berkeley's Idealism, ” Theoria 29 (1963): 229–44. “ Bare Particulars, ” Philosophical Studies 14 (1963): 1–7. “The Tractatus: Nominalistic or Realistic?” in Essays in Ontology , by Edwin Allaire et al. (Iowa City, Iowa, 1963). “ The Attack on Substance: Descartes to Hume, ” Dialogue 3 (1964): 284–7. “ Another Look at Bare Particulars, ” Philosophical Studies 16 (1965): 16–20. “ The Circle of Ideas and the Circularity of the Meditations, ” Dialogue 5 (1966): 131–53. “ Things, Relations and Identity, ” Philosophy of...

Augustine, St

Augustine, St (354–430)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,935 words

...with ‘the Platonic philosophers, who said that the true God is at once the author of things, the illuminator of truth, and the giver of happiness’ ( City of God , 8.5). He could believe that there are three ‘natures’ or kinds of substance: bodies, mutable in time and place; souls, incorporeal but mutable in time; and God , incorporeal and immutable ( De Genesi ad Litteram ( c. 410 ), 8. 20. 39). God makes everything, and all that he makes is good. Badness arises from the tendency of things to decay: ‘for a thing to be bad is for it to fall away from being...

Mandelbaum, Maurice Henry, Jr.

Mandelbaum, Maurice Henry, Jr. (1908–87)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
829 words

...Bio, Bio 20thC Phils, Pres Addr of APA v7, Proc of APA v60, Who Was Who in Amer v9, Who’s Who in Phil Beardsley, Elizabeth “ Moral Experience and Ethical Analysis, ” Philosophical Review 58 (1959): 519–30. Dray, William H. “ Mandelbaum on Historical Narrative, ” History and Theory 8 (1969): 287–94. Lloyd, Christopher “ Realism and Structuralism in Historical Theory: A Discussion of the Thought of Maurice Mandelbaum, ” History and Theory 28 (1989): 296–325. Verstegen, Ian. “ Maurice Mandelbaum as a Gestalt Philosopher, ” Gestalt Theory 20 (2000):...

Stout, Alan Ker

Stout, Alan Ker (1900–83)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
617 words

...and Responsibility ’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society , vol.37 (1936–7), pp.213–30. ‘ Motive and the Rightness of an Act ’, Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy , vol.18 (1940), pp.18–37. ‘ Freewill ’, Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy , vol.18 (1940), pp.212–31. ‘ Duty and Inclination ’, Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy , vol.20 (1942), pp.184–202. ‘The Morals of Advertising’, Australian Highway (March 1967), pp.8–12. Other Relevant Works (Ed.), G. F. Stout , God and Nature (Cambridge, 1952)....

Gilbert, Katharine Everett

Gilbert, Katharine Everett (1886–1952)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
700 words

...99–102. “ Clean and Organic: A Study in Architectural Semantics, ” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 10 (1951): 3–7. Further Reading Bio 20thC Phils, Nat Cycl Amer Bio v49, Pres Addr of APA v5, Proc of APA v26, Who Was Who in Amer v3, Who’s Who in Phil Boas, George “ Katharine Everett Gilbert’s Writings on Aesthetics: A Selective Bibliography, ” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 11 (1952): 76–7. Nahm, Milton C. “ The Relations of Aesthetics and Criticism, ” The Personalist 45 (1964): 362–84. Melanie...

A Philosophick Essay concerning Ideas, According to Dr. Sherlock's Principles

A Philosophick Essay concerning Ideas, According to Dr. Sherlock's Principles (1705)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
693 words

...against Malebranche), to the act of thinking itself. The sixth definition (see above) says: ‘A Representation of something in the Mind, and to frame such a representation of an Object, is to Think’ (p. 7). Thus (corollary 1), Arnauld, Locke, Sherlock (some of the time) and the friend to whom this essay is addressed make ‘Thought and Idea the same thing’ (p. 8). The second corollary says that ‘there can be no mind without some idea’ (p. 9). The author argues that the mind was created thinking and hence with some idea: the mind is not a tabula rasa . He does...

Lieb, Irwin Chester

Lieb, Irwin Chester (1925–92)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
758 words

...Present, and Future: A Philosophical Essay About Time (Urbana, Ill., 1991). Other Relevant Works “ Logical Constants, Part I, ” Review of Metaphysics 7 (1953): 36–52. Ed., Letters to Lady Welby , by Charles S. Peirce (New Haven, Conn., 1953). “ Wittgenstein’s Investigations, ” Review of Metaphysics 8 (1954): 125–43. “ New Studies in the Philosophy of Charles S. Peirce, ” Review of Metaphysics 8 (1954): 291–320. “ The Nature of Ideas, ” Review of Metaphysics 11 (1957): 181–95. “ Philosophy as Spiritual Formation: Plato’s Myth of Er, ” ...

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