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7-20-8

(1907), a “comedy of to‐day” by Augustin Daly. [Daly's Theatre, 49 perf.] Portrait of a Lady, picture #728 at the annual Academy exhibition, so lovingly depicts a beautiful woman ...

public park

public park  

Garden, open space, or park open to and maintained by or for the public. From the time of C18 Enlightenment the desirability of providing public parks for the well-being of town-dwellers was ...
Theobalds Park

Theobalds Park   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... and managed by John Gerard the herbalist. In the words of Roy Strong ( The Renaissance Garden in England , 1979 ) it was ‘the most influential Elizabethan garden’. It was exceptionally large for English gardens of this date, with an area of 2.8 hectares/7 acres and was composed of nine square knots, each 20 m/70 ft square, with a marble fountain in the central knot. Baron Waldstein, who saw the garden in 1600 , described a grotto made ‘of different kinds of semi-transparent stone, and roofed over with pieces of coral, crystal and all kinds of metallic...

Lund University Botanic Garden

Lund University Botanic Garden   Reference library

Kjell Lundquist

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...garden in Uppsala with an axial layout, flower beds, an orangery, and ponds. In 1862–3 the construction of the new botanic garden with an area of 8 hectares/20 acres was started some 600 m/1,970 ft eastwards outside the city wall. The new grounds and glasshouse were designedby the professor of botany Jacob Georg Agardh ( 1813–1901 ). By 1868 some 6,000 species were grown—today there are over 7,000. A 19th-century landscape park, with many different ecological niches, surrounds a strongly designed central area with the glasshouses in the middle....

Crathes Castle

Crathes Castle   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
277 words
Illustration(s):
1

...crags … laid it out with gardens and clothed it with pleasance’. The gardens today are chiefly laid out in a large walled and hedged enclosure, 2.8 hectares/7 acres in area, on two levels to the east of the castle. This layout dates from the early 18th century; the magnificent yew hedges, ornamented with swirling topiary, survive from that time. The ornamental planting within, however, is almost entirely 20th century, although there were notable borders here in the late 19th century which Gertrude Jekyll saw and wrote about admiringly in Some English...

Netherlands, the

Netherlands, the   Reference library

Jan Woudstra

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...an average annual temperature of about 16 ° C/63 °F during the summer and 3 °C/37 °F during the winter near the coast. Inland average temperatures are slightly higher during the summer and slightly lower during the winter by 1 °C/28 °F. The lowest recorded temperature is −27.8 °C/–20 °F and the highest 38.6 °C/101 °F. The average numbers of days above 25 °C/77 °F varies from five on the islands to the north to 25 in the south of the country. Snow occurs regularly during the winter. Precipitation is spread fairly evenly throughout the year and throughout the...

Paris parks and gardens

Paris parks and gardens   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
4,503 words
Illustration(s):
3

...century. By the early 14th century Paris was one of the greatest of European cities, with a population of around 200,000, at the heart of a kingdom with a population of 20,000,000. King Charles V moved from the Palais to the Hôtel Saint-Pol which no longer exists but was in the Marais to the north-east of the Île de la Cité. The King laid out large pleasure grounds, an area of 8 hectares/20 acres in the care of his gardener Philippart Persant. It had, according to John Harvey ( Mediaeval Gardens , 1981 ), ‘trellised pavilions, a labyrinth, tunnel arbours,...

Switzerland

Switzerland   Reference library

Udo Weilacher

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...around 1820 , in Alpine tourism. Swiss mountain regions thus became a subject for conservation and a kind of relic of the past, epitomized by the complete reconstruction in about 1870 of the Rütli—scene of the oath of the Everlasting League in 1291 —as a picturesque landscape. 20th century Critical attitudes to 19th-century urbanization went hand in hand with a rejection of traditional landscape garden architecture. In Switzerland after 1913 the Schweitzerische Werkbund (SWB) promoted the reform movement and the development of an architectural garden...

British Isles

British Isles   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...and the average maximum is 6 °F/42.8 °F; in the north-east (Lerwick in the Shetland Islands) the corresponding figures are 1 °C/33.8 °F and 5 °C/41 °F. In the month of August they are as follows: (London) minimum 13 °C/55 °F, maximum 21 °C/70 °F; (Lerwick) minimum 10 °C/50 °F and maximum 14 °C/57 °F. Rainfall, however, varies strikingly, with average annual rainfall in the wettest parts of the west coast of Scotland and Ireland of over 2,500 mm/100 in; but in the dryest parts, Essex in south-eastern England, only 500 mm/20 in. The range of rainfall...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

Denise Otis

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...thrown out of graduate school but found a forum in the architectural press for their belief that gardens and landscapes should reflect 20th-century reality. Most of their writing dealt with public landscapes, but in practice their ideas were first expressed in small suburban gardens. The entrance of the United States into the Second World War put a stop to the possibility of larger projects The gardening world of the late 20th century Ornamental gardening as a whole was little practised during the war: most home gardeners took to growing vegetables. The...

Iran

Iran   Reference library

Penelope Hobhouse

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...their own qanat- supplied water: the Bagh-e Fin at Kashan, the Shazadeh at Mahan, the Bagh-e Doulatabad in Yasd. The British legation in Tehran for years had its own qanat bringing water straight from the Alborz Mountains above the city. Attempts at land reform during the 20th century and the introduction of central planning in agriculture led to a lack of communal responsibility in villages. The better-off introduced well and diesel pumps to provide their own irrigation water, often threatening the continued viability of existing qanats , as well as...

Japan

Japan   Reference library

Marc Keane

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...the archipelago. That warm ocean current, and warm air associated with it, ameliorate Japan's climate, making it far more temperate than it would otherwise be. The current also increases the regularity and quantity of precipitation on the islands which ranges between 50 cm/20 in and 4 m/160 in per annum but averages 1–2 m/40–80 in. All of the above factors have led to the development of a diverse flora that is adapted to the various ecological zones that exist on the islands and that is succoured by the plentiful supply of water. Plants The diversity of...

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