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7-20-8

(1907), a “comedy of to‐day” by Augustin Daly. [Daly's Theatre, 49 perf.] Portrait of a Lady, picture #728 at the annual Academy exhibition, so lovingly depicts a beautiful woman ...

Senesino

Senesino  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music, Opera
(b Siena, c.1680; d Siena, by 1759).It. alto castrato. Pupil of Bernacchi in Bologna. Sang in Venice 1707–8, Genoa 1709 and 1712, Naples 1715–16, Dresden, 1717–20. Handel heard him and engaged him ...
Les Troyens

Les Troyens  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music, Opera
Opera in 5 acts by Berlioz to his own lib. from Virgil's Aeneid. Comp. 1856–8. To achieve a staging, Berlioz in 1863 divided it into two operas: Acts I and II became La Prise de Troie (The Capture of ...
Adams, Donald

Adams, Donald (20 Dec 1928)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
190 words

...Donald ( b Bristol , 20 Dec 1928 ; d Norwich , 8 April 1996 ). English bass . He was a chorister at Worcester Cathedral and later became an actor. After singing in the D'Oyly Carte Opera chorus, from 1953 to 1969 he was principal bass of the company. In 1963 he co-founded ‘G&S for All’, with whom he toured extensively in Australia and the USA. In 1983 he sang the Mikado in Chicago, returning for Baron Mirko Zeta and the Theatre Director/Banker ( Lulu ). He made his Covent Garden début in 1983 as a Frontier Guard ( Boris Godunov ), and later...

Kunz, Erich

Kunz, Erich (20 May 1909)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
240 words

...Erich ( b Vienna , 20 May 1909 ; d Vienna , 8 Sept 1995 ). Austrian bass-baritone . A pupil of Theo Lierhammer and Hans Duhan at the Vienna Akademie für Musik, he made his début at Troppau in 1933 . After various provincial engagements he became a member of the Vienna Staatsoper in 1940 . In 1943 he first sang Beckmesser at Bayreuth, and he soon became a regular singer at Salzburg and other festivals. Covent Garden heard him as Leporello, Guglielmo and Figaro during the 1947 Vienna Staatsoper season; in 1948 he sang Guglielmo with the...

Turner, Dame Eva

Turner, Dame Eva (10 March 1892)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
365 words

...her La Scala début as Freia ( Das Rheingold ) in 1924 and soon established herself as a leading dramatic soprano, singing Aida, Leonora ( Il trovatore ) and other roles with an Italian company touring Germany in 1925 . In 1926–7 at Brescia she sang her first Turandot, a role with which she was closely associated for the next 20 years, and in which Franco Alfano , who completed the opera after Giacomo Puccini's death, considered her ideal. Her recording of ‘In questa reggia’, made about 1930 , created a ‘unique impression of power and mastery’. A more...

Corelli, Franco

Corelli, Franco (8 April 1921)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
301 words

...those of Poliuto from La Scala and Pollione ( Norma ) in the studio (both with Callas ), Calaf (to Nilsson 's Turandot) and Don Alvaro (in a video from Naples) show why Corelli is widely regarded as one of the great tenors of the 20th century. C. L. Osborne : ‘ Franco Corelli ’, High Fidelity , xvii/2 (1967), 63–7 Rodolfo Celletti / Alan...

Garrison, Mabel

Garrison, Mabel (24 April 1886)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
284 words

...of G.F. Handel's Serse ( 1928 ) and Rodelinda ( 1931 ). Also a recitalist, she was admired for the clarity of her voice and her smooth and elegant style. A. Favia-Artsay : ‘ Historical Records: Mabel Garrison ’, Hobbies , lix/8 (1954), pp. 22–3 G. M. Eby : ‘ The Two Careers of Mabel Garrison ’, ON , xxiii/4 (1958–9), pp. 24–7 Philip L....

Legros, Joseph

Legros, Joseph (7 or 8 Sept 1739)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
319 words

...Joseph [ Joseph Le Gros ] ( b Monampteuil, Laon , 7 or 8 Sept 1739 ; d La Rochelle , 20 Dec 1793 ). French tenor and composer . Having been a choirboy at Laon Cathedral, Legros developed a powerful, sweet-toned haute-contre suited to the high tessitura of French opera. Recruited by François Rebel and François Francoeur , he made his début at the Paris Opéra in 1764 , shortly before the retirement of Jélyotte, in J.-J. Cassanéa de Mondonville's Titon et l'Aurore . Although a stiff actor he became the Opéra's leading haute-contre until his...

Björling, Jussi

Björling, Jussi (5 Feb 1911)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
596 words
Illustration(s):
1

...21 July 1930 ), he made his recognized début there on 20 August 1930 as Don Ottavio , shortly afterwards singing Arnold in Guillaume Tell and Jonathan in Carl Nielsen's Saul og David . Until 1938 he was a regular member of the Stockholm Opera, and always maintained his connection with that house. He was soon in general demand in the leading European operatic centres (Vienna début as Radames, 1936 ); and his international status was confirmed by his successful débuts at Chicago in Rigoletto ( 8 December 1937 ), in New York in La bohème ( 24...

War and Peace

War and Peace   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
5,104 words

... (7) soft, velvet baritone or bass A French Abbé (7) tenor (no high notes) Denisov (7, 8, 13) bass‐baritone Tikhon Shcherbatïy (8, 13) bass (no low notes) Fyodor (8, 13) tenor (no high notes) Vasilisa a village elder's wife (8, 13) mezzo‐soprano Matveyev (8, 11) baritone Trishka (8) contralto (travesti) Two German Generals (8) spoken Orderly to Prince Andrey (8) low tenor Field Marshal Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov (8, 10, 13) bass Adjutant to Kutuzov (8, 13) tenor (shrill quality) First Staff Officer (8) tenor (possibly baritone) Second Staff Officer (8)...

Melchior, Lauritz

Melchior, Lauritz (20 March 1890)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
579 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Lauritz [ Hommel, Lebrecht ] ( b Copenhagen , 20 March 1890 ; d Santa Monica, CA , 18 March 1973 ). Danish tenor , later naturalized American . He studied at the Royal Opera School, Copenhagen, and made his début at the Royal Opera on 2 April 1913 as Silvio in Pagliacci , going on to sing various other baritone roles. The advice of Mme Charles Cahier and subsequent studies with Vilhelm Herold revealed the true nature of Melchior's voice, and he made a second début at the same theatre on 8 October 1918 in the title role of Tannhäuser . With...

Garden, Mary

Garden, Mary (20 Feb 1874)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
888 words
Illustration(s):
1

...York, 1937), pp. 265–77 M. Garden and L. Biancolli : Mary Garden's Story (New York, 1951/ R ) G. Whelan : ‘ The Recorded Art of Mary Garden ’, Gramophone , xxix (1951–2), pp. 367–72 [with discography] H. Cuénod : ‘ Remembrances of an Enchantress ’, High Fidelity , xiv/7 (1964), pp. 36–8 R. D. Fletcher : ‘ “Our Own” Mary Garden ’, Chicago History , ii/1 (1972), pp. 34–46 D. Shawe-Taylor : ‘ Mary Garden (1874–1967) ’, Opera , xxxv (1984), pp. 1079–84 M. T. R. B. Turnbull : Mary Garden (Aldershot, 1996) [incl. discography] Michael T. R. B....

Schröder-Devrient, Wilhelmine

Schröder-Devrient, Wilhelmine (6 Dec 1804)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,070 words
Illustration(s):
1

...studied singing with Giuseppe Mozatti . Her first operatic appearance was at the Kärntnertortheater as Pamina ( 20 January 1821 ), when the freshness and confidence of her singing made a great impression. She followed this with Emmeline ( Joseph Weigl's Schweizerfamilie ), Marie (A.-E.-M. Grétry's Raoul Barbe-Bleue , in German) and the title role in Conradin Kreutzer's Cordelia ( 1823 ); she also sang Agathe in Der Freischütz on 7 March 1822 with Carl Maria von Weber conducting. However, her greatest triumph, and the performance that laid...

Orfeo ed Euridice

Orfeo ed Euridice   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
4,719 words

...) 7 Ritournelle, c (=5 b ) Scene ii 6 a ) Aria (Orfeo): Chiamo il mio ben così, F 8 a ) Air (Orphée): Objet de mon amour, C b ) Recit. (Orfeo): Euridice, Euridice!, f b ) Récit (Orphée): Eurydice! Eurydice!, c c ) Aria (Orfeo): Cerco il mio ben, F c ) Air (Orphée): Accablé de regrets, C d ) Recit. (Orfeo): Euridice, Euridice!, F d ) Récit (Orphée): Eurydice! Eurydice!, C e ) Aria (Orfeo): Piango il mio ben, F e ) Air (Orphée): Plein de troubles, C 7 Recit. (Orfeo): Numi! barbari Numi 9 Récit (Orphée): Divinités de l'Achéron ( R 7) Scene ii Scene iii 8...

Prince Igor

Prince Igor   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,622 words
Illustration(s):
1

...force under Khan Gzak attacks Putivl’ (no.6, finale). A ct 2 The Polovtsian encampment; evening A chorus of Polovtsian maidens entertain Konchakovna with a hymn to the cool refreshment of evening (no.7, ‘Na bezvod'ye, dnyom na solntse vyanet tsvetik’: ‘In the absence of water the flower withers in the sun by day’), and go into their dance (no.8, ‘Dance of the Polovtsian Maidens’). Konchakovna has fallen in love with the son of her father's enemy, Vladimir, and sings of her expected tryst with him (no.9, cavatina, ‘Merknet svet dnevnoy’: ‘The daylight...

Walküre, Die

Walküre, Die   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,017 words
Illustration(s):
12

...of Death). Brünnhilde appears, announcing to Siegmund that he must follow her to Valhalla. The Wagner tubas intone a solemn motif whose interrogatory melodic shape and unresolved dominant 7th have generally earned it a label such as ‘Destiny’ or ‘Fate’ (ex.6). It is heard throughout the scene, as is a four‐bar theme whose latter half corresponds with it (ex.7). Three distinct brass groupings are used to conjure a mood of quiet, noble heroism: Wagner tubas, trumpets and trombones, horns with bassoons. When Siegmund hears that he cannot take his...

Tristan und Isolde

Tristan und Isolde   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,732 words
Illustration(s):
13

...was that of Gottfried von Strassburg ( fl 1200–20). Wagner conceived the idea of writing an opera on the Tristan subject in the autumn of 1854 , but the earliest dated surviving sketch (an elaboration of two fragments) is from 19 December 1856 , at which point he was still engaged on Act 1 of Siegfried . The work celebrates and idealizes the love affair – probably never consummated – between Wagner and Mathilde Wesendonck , the wife of his patron. Wagner began his prose scenario the following summer, on 20 August 1857 , and the poem was completed on 18...

Thaïs

Thaïs   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,372 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Mère Albine and the sisters receive Thaïs, and she bids farewell to Athanaël ‘pour toujours’. The significance of the words sinks in, and to the tune of the Méditation Athanaël realizes with horror that he will never see her again. 3.ii The Thebaid A storm threatens. In the 20 days since he returned Athanaël has neither eaten nor drunk. He tells Palémon that no amount of self‐flagellation brings peace. Palémon merely repeats his warning. Further visions of pre‐conversion Thaïs are interrupted by distant voices proclaiming the imminent death of St Thaïs...

Boris Godunov

Boris Godunov   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
4,666 words
Illustration(s):
5

...historical works by Nikolay Mikhaylovich Karamzin and others; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 27 January / 8 February 1874 (revised version; original version, Leningrad, State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet, 16 February 1928 ; first Rimsky‐Korsakov version, concert performance, St Petersburg, Great Hall of the Conservatory, 28 November / 10 December 1896 , staged Moscow, Solodovnikov Theatre, Savva Mamontov's Private Russian Opera, 7/19 December 1898 ; ‘standard’ version, with additional music by Rimsky‐Korsakov , Paris, Opéra, 19 May 1908 )....

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