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7-20-8

(1907), a “comedy of to‐day” by Augustin Daly. [Daly's Theatre, 49 perf.] Portrait of a Lady, picture #728 at the annual Academy exhibition, so lovingly depicts a beautiful woman ...

ancestor worship

ancestor worship  

The real or supposed ancestors of the Hebrews were venerated and were felt to be so close that their descendants even continued to suffer for their sins (Exod. 20: 5). Not surprisingly it would seem ...
Dick Whittington

Dick Whittington  

(d. 1423),English merchant and Lord Mayor of London; full name Sir Richard Whittington. Whittington was a mercer who became Lord Mayor three times (1397–8; 1406–7; 1419–20) and left legacies for ...
Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire  

Though a small county, has little geographical unity. The southern parts are within the orbit of London and discharge commuters into Euston, St Pancras, King's Cross, and Liverpool Street. The north ...
Black Church

Black Church  

Apart from the ancient Churches of Nubia and Ethiopia, Black Churches originated in the 18th cent. among the descendants of African slaves in the United States of America. From the 1740s, evangelical ...
tariff

tariff  

A scale of charges. In economics a tariff was originally a schedule of taxes on imports; it now refers to the actual import duties. An ad valorem tariff is set as a percentage of the price of the ...
Richard I

Richard I  

(1157–99),king of England (1189–99). Richard has attracted legends in a way that bees are proverbially attracted to the honey‐pot. The process began in his own lifetime. Already, by 1199, the epithet ...
Whittington, Richard

Whittington, Richard   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
77 words

...pantomime hero. Youngest son of a Gloucestershire landowner, Whittington established himself in London, dealing in valuable imported silks and velvets, and thrice becoming master of the Mercers' Company. A city alderman in 1393 , he was elected mayor three times ( 1397–8 , 1406–7 , 1419–20 ). Dying widowed and childless, his executors devoted his great wealth to further public works, including improvements to St Bartholomew's hospital, Guildhall, and Newgate...

Talbot, Richard

Talbot, Richard   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
170 words

... 1418–49 . Younger brother of John Talbot and previously dean of Chichester , Richard Talbot was more prominent in royal government in Ireland than any other late medieval archbishop of Dublin. He served three deputy lieutenancies ( 1419–20 , 1435–7 , 1447–8 ), five justiciarships ( 1420 , 1422–3 , 1430–1 , 1437–8 , 1445–6 ), and was twice chancellor ( 1423–6 , 1427–31 ). A protagonist in the Talbot–Ormond feud , he is best known for the charges of misgovernment he made in England against James, 4th earl of Ormond , after the latter's third...

Life Expectancy.

Life Expectancy.   Reference library

Michael Haines

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,397 words

...At Age 20 Infant Mortality Rate Approx. Date White Black b White Black b White Black b White Black b 1850 38.4 23.0 47.3 39.5 216.8 340.0 1860 43.6 49.4 41.3 181.3 1870 45.2 50.6 42.5 175.5 1880 40.5 48.3 40.4 214.8 1890 46.8 50.4 42.2 150.7 1900 51.8 41.8 52.5 47.2 44.1 39.5 110.8 170.3 1910 52.7 43.1 53.0 47.9 44.5 40.1 106.1 161.9 1920 57.4 47.0 54.6 45.3 46.0 37.8 82.1 ...

Dropouts and Retention

Dropouts and Retention   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,561 words

...Percent of all Completers Total 86.5 25,138 21,743 100.0 Sex Male 84.9 12,460 10,580 48.7 Female 88.1 12,678 11,164 51.3 Race/Ethnicity White, non-Hispanic 91.8 16,502 15,145 69.7 Black, non-Hispanic 83.7 3,582 2,999 13.8 Hispanic 64.1 3,797 2,433 11.2 Asian/Pacific Islander 94.6 1,074 1,016 4.7 Ages 18–19 84.0 6,718 5,645 26.0 20–21 86.4 7,363 6,359 29.2 22–24 88.1 11,057 9,739 44.8 Region Northeast 89.1 4,265 3,799 17.5 Midwest 88.9 5,861 5,209 24.0 South 84.4 8,895 7,506 34.5 West 85.5 6,117 5,230 24.1 Because of rounding, subtotals may not add up to...

Boundary Waters Treaty

Boundary Waters Treaty (1909)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
251 words

...on a case-by-case basis through normal diplomatic channels would favour the United States. In the event, the treaty, signed on behalf of Canada on 11 January 1909 by British ambassador James Bryce , satisfied the key Canadian requirement. Article 7 provided for the International Joint Commission, and article 8 stipulated that the two countries were to have ‘equal and similar rights’ in the use of all boundary waters. A bruising ratification round followed, but success was finally achieved on 5 May 1910 . In practice, about half the decisions of the ijc ...

Socio-Economic Profile

Socio-Economic Profile   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,605 words
Illustration(s):
1

...32.38 21.09 19.19 12.66 Texas 31.99 23.34 20.96 18.15 Arizona 25.25 17.20 16.34 15.68 Nevada 19.72 7.78 6.76 5.28 Colorado 17.10 8.74 11.81 11.03 Florida 16.79 8.29 8.80 6.74 New York 15.11 6.72 9.46 8.20 New Jersey 13.28 5.43 6.71 4.47 Illinois 12.32 6.80 5.55 4.00 Connecticut 9.41 4.72 4.03 2.34 Utah 9.03 3.44 4.11 3.33 Rhode Island 8.66 1.58 2.00 0.94 Oregon 8.05 3.13 2.51 0.99 Idaho 7.86 4.29 3.87 2.87 District of Columbia 7.86 0.99 2.78 2.30 Washington 7.49 3.38 2.94 1.88 Hawaii 7.24 3.55 7.40 3.83 Wyoming 6.41 4.20 5.23 5.19 Southwest 28.51 19.74 18.62...

Kildare

Kildare   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
248 words

... in the tense period after the death of Queen Anne in 1714 and built a new residence at Carton to replace the castle at Maynooth. James FitzGerald ( 1722–73 ), 20th earl of Kildare, enjoyed a popular reputation as a patriot politician . He supported Henry Boyle during the money bill dispute , but subsequently came to terms with the administration, serving as lord justice 1756–7 and master‐general of the ordnance 1758–66 . He became marquis of Kildare in 1761 and duke of Leinster in 1766 . His Dublin town house, Leinster House, is now the...

Northwest Passage

Northwest Passage   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
469 words

...passage to the Orient and the precious goods that these exotic lands possessed. A sequence of voyages by Martin Frobisher ( 1576–8 ), John Davis ( 1585–7 ), and William Baffin ( 1616 ) revealed the general contours of Davis Strait and Baffin Bay and located the entrance to Lancaster Sound, the channel that eventually would prove to be the doorway to the passage. Other explorers—Henry Hudson ( 1610–11 ), Jens Munk ( 1619–20 ), Luke Foxe ( 1631 ), Thomas James ( 1631–2 ), and Christopher Middleton ( 1741–2 )—probed the shoreline of Hudson Bay in...

India

India   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
448 words

...ruthless part. Later Sir Michael O'Dwyer ( 1864–1940 ), son of a Catholic landed family from Co. Tipperary, was lieutenant governor of the Punjab 1913–20 , where he directed the vigorous suppression of protest, including the shooting dead of at least 379 indians at Amritsar ( 13 Apr. 1919 ). The Ulster‐born Sir Claude Auchinleck ( 1884–1981 ) was the last commander‐in‐chief of the Indian army ( 1943–7 ), overseeing the transition to independence and partition. Irishmen also made up a significant proportion of the army rank and file on which British power...

Dunbar, Rudolph

Dunbar, Rudolph (1899–1988)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
292 words

...cities of Europe, including, in 1942 , the London Philharmonic at the Albert Hall, to an audience of 7,000 people; the Berlin Philharmonic ( 1945 ); and in 1948 at the Hollywood Bowl. Dunbar was also a journalist. In 1932 he became London correspondent of the Associated Negro Press, reporting for them on the debates in the House of Commons in 1936 on the Italian invasion of Ethiopia . He served as a war correspondent with the American 8th Army, and crossed the Channel on D‐Day. He distinguished himself by warning the US 969th battalion of an...

Hong Kong, Battle of

Hong Kong, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
345 words

...trained for combat, but both were deemed suitable for garrison duties. Arriving in Hong Kong in November 1941 , they found themselves, whether tactically skilled or not, in the thick of fighting after Japanese forces, following the attacks on Pearl Harbor and elsewhere of 78 December , invaded the British colony. Along with four other battalions from various points in the empire, the Canadians fought for several days, but were constantly forced to withdraw as Japanese units outflanked them. It is a mark of the two units' lack of tactical training that...

lord lieutenant

lord lieutenant   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
376 words

...the domestic political scene for a rival too powerful to be dispensed with completely. In the 19th century, Irish peers also served as lords lieutenant: the 4th earl of Bessborough ( see ponsonby ) 1846–7 , the marquis, later duke, of Abercorn 1866–8 , 1874–6 , and the 6th marquis of Londonderry 1886–9 . With a salary of £12,000, rising to £20,000 in 1783 , lords lieutenant enjoyed similar powers and patronage to the former lords deputy. Until 1767 the lord lieutenant came to Ireland only for the meetings of parliament held every second year....

Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
484 words

...of open fields surviving well into Victoria's reign, and tributes to the beauty of the shire continued to pour in. In 1801 no town in the county had as many as 4,000 inhabitants. But by 1901 the shape of the 20th cent. was becoming clear. Watford had increased to 32,000, twice the size of the next town, St Albans; and Cheshunt (12,000) and Barnet (7,000), on the fringes of London, had moved up. Two years later, a development which cast a long shadow took place. The first garden city was started at Letchworth, chosen in the main for its nearness to London. It...

Tilantongo

Tilantongo   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
631 words

...the story of 8 Deer “Tiger Claw” ( 1063–1115 ce ), the Mixtec ruler of the Tilantongo dynasty who consolidated polities in the Mixteca during the Postclassic period. Monte Negro, an early urban center in a defensive position some 200 meters (6,500 feet) above Tilantongo, was built and occupied during a short time in the Middle and Late Ramos phase ( 100 bce –250 ce ), perhaps as an outpost or refuge between major population centers in the Nochixtlán Valley some 30 kilometers (20 miles) to the north and the Achiutla-Huamelulpan area some 20 kilometers (15...

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