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4th duke of Bedford, John Russell

(1710–71). Succeeding to one of the wealthiest dukedoms in Britain in 1732, Bedford developed a political following which made him a valuable catch for any ministry. He served as ...

Bedford, John Russell, 4th duke of

Bedford, John Russell, 4th duke of (1710–71)   Reference library

David Wilkinson

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
182 words

..., John Russell, 4th duke of ( 1710–71 ) . Succeeding to one of the wealthiest dukedoms in Britain in 1732 , Bedford developed a political following which made him a valuable catch for any ministry. He served as 1st lord of the Admiralty ( 1744–8 ) and as southern secretary ( 1748–51 ), resigning after lengthy bickering with Newcastle . Bedford returned to office in 1757 and was lord-lieutenant of Ireland until 1761 . In September 1762 he went to Paris as ambassador responsible for the peace negotiations and signed the resultant treaty in ...

Bedford, John Russell, 4th duke of

Bedford, John Russell, 4th duke of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
88 words

..., John Russell, 4th duke of ( 1710–71 ). Succeeding to one of the wealthiest dukedoms in Britain in 1732 , Bedford served as 1st lord of the Admiralty ( 1744–8 ) and as southern secretary ( 1748–51 ). He returned to office in 1757 and was lord‐lieutenant of Ireland until 1761 . In September 1762 he went to Paris to negotiate peace and signed the resultant treaty in February 1763 . Thereafter his followers often acted with those of Grenville , fully supporting a hard‐line attitude towards the American...

4th duke of Bedford, John Russell

4th duke of Bedford, John Russell  

(1710–71).Succeeding to one of the wealthiest dukedoms in Britain in 1732, Bedford developed a political following which made him a valuable catch for any ministry. He served as 1st ...
Henry VI Part 1

Henry VI Part 1   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,505 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...quarrel before the young Henry, who creates Plantagenet Duke of York. Henry leaves to be crowned in France. 3.2 Joan la Pucelle leads the French in disguise to take Rouen. The English are first defeated in battle but then recover the city. 3.3 Joan persuades Burgundy to switch sides to support the French. 3.4 Henry creates Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury. Vernon and Basset, respective supporters of York and Somerset, challenge each other. 4.1 Henry’s coronation is interrupted by the banishment of John Fastolf, disgraced for cowardice. Henry tries to mediate...

Bedford level

Bedford level  

Was by far the most ambitious drainage scheme attempted in the Fens. A group of ‘adventurers’, under Francis, 4th earl of Bedford, was granted authority in 1630 to proceed and Vermuyden, the Dutch ...
Cambridgeshire

Cambridgeshire  

Was a quiet, thinly populated, agricultural county, pleasantly hilly in the chalk south, flat in the north where it joins the Fens. The river Cam bisects the southern part of the county, flowing ...
Langlois, Pierre

Langlois, Pierre (1759–81)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
197 words

...1759 he was working in London, where he opened a shop at 39 Tottenham Court Road at ‘the sign of commode tables’ and worked in a style popular in France in the 1750s, using elaborate floral marquetry and gilt-bronze mounts. Langlois made a marquetry commode ( 1760 ; Woburn Abbey, Beds) for John Russell , 4th Duke of Bedford ( 1710–71 ), and another ( 1764 ; New York, Met.) for George William , 6th Earl of Coventry ( 1722–1809 ). Horace William Walpole , 4th Earl of Orford ( 1717–97 ), bought two commodes from Langlois, and Caroline, Lady Holland ( 1723–74...

Holland, Henry

Holland, Henry (20 July 1745)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
601 words

...by John Nash ( 1752–1835 ). Apart from these royal commissions, Holland's major works of the 1780s were additions to Althorp House, Northants, for George, 2nd Earl Spencer (the Blue Boudoir with its wall panels was painted by T. H. Pernotin ), and to Woburn Abbey, Beds , for Francis Russell , 5th Duke of Bedford . Although several of his additions to Woburn were demolished in 1954 , his sculpture gallery and chinoiserie dairy remain. The long library (remodelled from a series of earlier rooms) with its white woodwork and ceilings is one of Holland's...

Regency style

Regency style   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
732 words

...Russell , 5th Duke of Bedford, at Woburn Abbey ( 1787–1802 ; partially destr. 1954 ), Beds. Furniture for such interiors was designed by Holland and made in England by such émigré craftsmen as François Hervé ( fl 1780–90 ) or in France by such craftsmen as Georges Jacob . Similar styles were published in later editions of both George Hepplewhite ’s Cabinetmaker and Upholsterer's Guide ( 1788 , rev. 2/1789 , 3/1794 ) and Thomas Sheraton 's Cabinetmaker and Upholsterer's Drawing Book ( 1791–3 , rev. 2/1794 , 3/1802 ). Around the turn of the...

Hoppner, John

Hoppner, John (25 April 1758)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...June 1934 : Master William Russell , GBP 3,400 London, 29 March 1935 : Admiral Rainier , GBP 525 London, 31 May 1935 : Hurdy-Gurdy Player , GBP 5,040; Mrs Hoppner , GBP 12,075 New York, 15 Nov 1935 : Keith Jopp , USD 3,800; Mrs Gibson , USD 4,000; Mrs Jopp of Aberdeen , USD 4,600 London, 3 April 1936 : Richard Drummond , GBP 168 London, 5 June 1936 : Lady Braithwaite , GBP 651 Paris, 18 March 1937 : Portrait of a Woman , FRF 22,000 London, 2 July 1937 : Lady Langham , GBP 1,732 London, 29 April 1938 : Sir John Morris , GBP 1,102 London, 8...

Gainsborough, Thomas

Gainsborough, Thomas (1727)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Gal.): Sarah Kirby (née Bull); John Joshua Kirby ( c.1751-1752 , oil on canvas); Edward Vernon ( c.1753 , oil on canvas); Thomas Gainsborough ( c.1758-1759 , oil on canvas); John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford ( c.1770 , oil on canvas); Stringer Lawrence (c. 1774-1775c. 1776, oil on canvasoil on canvas); John Henderson ( c.1777 , oil on canvas); George Colman the Elder (c. 1778c. 1780, oil on canvasoil on canvas); Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis ( 1783 , oil on canvas) London (Royal Academy of Arts): Romantic Landscape ( c.1783...

England

England   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
27,569 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and pendants from the first half of the 15th century survive, but they are not exceptional and give little impression of the rich treasure of gold, silver, and enamel objects described in numerous 15th-century inventories. Two outstanding objects, however, are a silver SS Lancastrian livery collar ( c. 1422–61 ; London, Mus. London) and the bridal crown of Margaret of York (Aachen, Domschatzkam.), made before her marriage to Charles the Bold, 4th Duke of Burgundy, in 1468 . It is decorated with the white roses of the House of York in en ronde bosse enamel....

London

London   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
76,697 words

...at the Academy of Dramatic Art (later Royal) on Gower Street from 1910 to 1911 . Dr Peter Mark Roget lived at 18 Upper Bedford Pl. , now Bedford Way, to the N of Russell Sq., from 1843 until his death in 1869 . His Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases was published in 1852 and has been through many subsequent editions. A plaque at 5 Woburn Pl. commemorates Yeats's lodgings from 1895 to 1919 at what was then 18 Woburn Bldgs. His many visitors included Lady Gregory , Arthur Symons , Ernest Rhys , Laurence Binyon , and John Masefield ....

Britain

Britain   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
55,708 words
Illustration(s):
11

...with plenty of military detail, of the Duke of Bedford by E. Carleton Williams and of John Talbot, marshal of France for the government of Henry VI , by A. J. Pollard . Nonetheless an updated scholarly study of the military history of the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years’ War, covering the same ground as Burne’s Agincourt War , remains a desideratum. The Wars of the Roses are well covered in a number of excellent narrative works, including Pollard’s concise political history and the fuller and more militarily focused books by John Gillingham and...

Monuments, Museums, And Public Markers

Monuments, Museums, And Public Markers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
9,420 words

...D. A. Russell ), Wyoming contain exhibits on black military history in the West that celebrate black troops. A small monument at Beecher Island Battlefield in Colorado tells of the rescue by the 10th Cavalry of fifty desperate troops in 1868 . At Fort Union, New Mexico, a monument commemorates the 9th Cavalry. At Fort Missoula, Montana, the 25th Infantry became a bicycle unit in 1896 , riding all the way to Saint Louis in 1897 to test the utility of bicycles as a replacement for horses; the historical museum here tells not only this story but also of the...

Bloomsbury

Bloomsbury   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of London Phrase & Fable

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...1765 , led by the 4th Duke of Bedford. Large portions of Bloomsbury are part of the Bedford Estate. Bloomsbury Group A school of socially aware men and women of letters (also sometimes termed the Bloomsbury Set) active in the early part of the 20th century, of whom the best known was Virginia Woolf. The group first came together in 1904 , meeting at the Gordon Square home of Clive and Vanessa Bell. Other prominent members included Roger Fry , E.M. Forster , Lytton Strachey , Duncan Grant , David Garnett , Dora Carrington and John Maynard Keynes ....

Bibliography, Selected

Bibliography, Selected   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
54,714 words

...(New York/London 1927) —— Rustlers of Beacon Creek (New York 1929) [London 1935] —— The Seventh Man (New York 1921) Brand, Oscar Bawdy Songs and Backroom Ballads (New York 1960) Brandon, H. (ed.) Poverty, Mendicity and Crime; Report and ‘Dictionary Of Flash or Cant Lang.’ (London 1839) Brandon, John G. Gang War (London 1940) Branford, Jean and Branford, William A Dictionary of South African English (3rd edn Cape Town 1987; 4th edn Cape Town 1991) Brasmer, William and Consolo, Dominick (eds.) Anthology of Black Drama (Columbus, OH 1970)...

Anonymous

Anonymous   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
22,707 words

...view of ‘People Power’ that John Lennon appeared to promote in the 1971 song ‘Power to the People (Right on!)’ Pray, Mrs Mouse, are you within? Heigh ho! says Rowley. From the nursery rhyme ‘A Frog He Would A-wooing Go’ (first recorded 1611). Hence, Mrs Mouse Are You Within? , the title of a play (1968) by Frank Marcus. Private Eye (No. 299, June 1973) quoted what the elderly 10th Duke of Marlborough had said on returning from one of his honeymoons: ‘I'm afraid Mr Mouse didn't come out to play.’ Regulations [are] written for the obedience of fools and...

Literacy

Literacy   Reference library

Lee Morrissey

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022

...that language operates on an area of the mind that is both unknown and recoverable. Early in the 20th century , G. E. Moore, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Rudolf Carnap, and members of the Vienna Circle explored language as a logical, positive means of understanding the world with relative immediacy. Decades later, Wittgenstein reimagined language as the bottle through which the trapped fly sees, but the possibility that attributes of mind might also or actually be attributes of language opened up new avenues of inquiry for philosophy and...

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity   Reference library

Amritjit Singh and Aaron Babcock

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
17,799 words

... (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996), 4. 77. Marita Bonner, “On Being Young—a Woman—and Colored,” in Frye Street and Environs: The Collected Works of Marita Bonner , ed. Joyce Occomy Stricklin (Boston: Beacon Press, 1987), 5. 78. Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, “Introduction,” in How We Get Free: Black Feminism and the Combahee River Collective , ed. Keenaga-Yamahatta Taylor (Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2017), 11. 79. Sojourner Truth, “I Am a Woman’s Rights,” in Clotel or The President’s Daughter , ed. Robert S. Levine (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s,...

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