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391

A Dada periodical founded by Picabia in Barcelona in 1917; subsequent issues were published in New York, Lausanne, Zurich, and Paris until 1924. The name was meant to recall Stieglitz's ...

391

391   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
86 words

... A Dada periodical founded by Picabia in Barcelona in 1917 ; subsequent issues were published in New York, Lausanne, Zurich, and Paris until 1924 . The name was meant to recall Stieglitz 's short-lived periodical 291 , to which Picabia had contributed. Although 391 was mainly literary in content, it also included visual material. Issue no. 12 ( March 1920 ) featured Duchamp 's mustachioed Mona Lisa on the cover and contained one of Picabia's best-known iconoclastic statements—a large inkblot labelled ‘La Sainte...

391

391 [Airline]   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
4 words

... [Airline] Zambian...

391

391  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A Dada periodical founded by Picabia in Barcelona in 1917; subsequent issues were published in New York, Lausanne, Zurich, and Paris until 1924. The name was meant to recall Stieglitz's short-lived ...
4 The History of the Book in Byzantium

4 The History of the Book in Byzantium   Reference library

N. G. Wilson

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,221 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...to ask how far they succeeded in preserving the stock of Greek literature they inherited in late antiquity. It is fairly certain that already by this date a number of classical texts were no longer in circulation; the destruction of the library at the Serapeum in Alexandria in 391 will no doubt have led to further losses. Though there is very little historical evidence on these matters, it seems that the emperors never succeeded in maintaining a substantial library comparable to those found in the great cultural centres of the ancient world; a monastery...

6 The European Printing Revolution

6 The European Printing Revolution   Reference library

Cristina Dondi

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,151 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...ISTC database (consulted April 2007 ), almost three-quarters were printed in the ancient languages: 21,122 were printed in Latin (72 per cent), 154 in Hebrew, 65 in Greek, and 14 in Church Slavonic. As for modern languages, 3,141 editions were printed in German (10 per cent), 2,391 in Italian (8 per cent), 1,611 in French (5 per cent), 566 in Dutch (1 per cent), 421 in Spanish (1 per cent), 234 in English, 134 in Catalan, 33 in Czech, 11 in Portuguese, 2 in Swedish, one edition each in Breton, Danish, Frisian, Provençal, and Sardinian. The editions for which...

41 The History of the Book in Korea

41 The History of the Book in Korea   Reference library

Beth McKillop

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...system are poems. Texts from the Three Kingdoms period that survive as physical objects include a massive memorial slab—more than seven metres high and engraved with 18,000 seal-script Chinese characters, praising King Kwanggaet’o (who ruled the northern Kingdom of Koguryŏ, ad 391–413 )—and an engraved stele ( ad 503 ) from Yŏngil, North Kyŏngsang Province. It is a slab of granite, polished for engraving on three sides; bearing 231 characters of various sizes, in an archaic style, it records the judgement of a dispute about land ownership. The preservation...

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire   Reference library

Barbara Geller

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
14,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and aggressively antipagan bishop of Milan, had relinquished the title and remaining responsibilities of the pontifex maximus, ordering also the removal of the altar of Victory from the senate. This action further widened the breach between the state and the old Roman religion. In 391, Theodosius I (379–95; joint emperor, 379–92) ordered that all temples be closed and that all forms of pagan worship cease. In the aftermath of the emperor's edicts, the bishop of Alexandria ordered the destruction of the city's main temple, the great Serapeum. This pattern of...

Genesis

Genesis   Reference library

R. N. Whybray and R. N. Whybray

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
35,219 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the supposed death of his son ( vv. 33–5 ) closes this first part of the story of Joseph, after which (in ch. 39 ) the scene changes to Egypt. ( 38:1–30 ) This chapter, in which Joseph does not appear at all, is an interpolation that interrupts the Joseph story, which resumes in 39:1 at the point at which it is broken off at the end of ch. 37 . Attempts to interpret it as in some way relevant to the events narrated in the surrounding chapters have hardly been convincing, although on the other hand no convincing explanation has been found for its...

Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach

Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach   Reference library

John J. Collins and John J. Collins

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
38,105 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in which Sirach compares himself to an offshoot of the great river of Wisdom. For the metaphor of light, cf. Prov 6:3 . He also compares his teaching to prophecy, without claiming to be a prophet. Sirach views prophecy as part of the textual lore to be studied by the sage ( 39:1 ). It is not apparent that he recognized any active prophets in his own time. The specific point of comparison with prophecy here is that it remains for future generations. Sirach concludes with a protestation of disinterestedness. He has not laboured for himself alone. Cf....

2 Corinthians

2 Corinthians   Reference library

Margaret MacDonald and Margaret MacDonald

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...about an intermediate state between life and the adoption of the spiritual body ( 1 Cor 15:37–8; Barrett 1973 : 154–5 ). Paul may be expressing his preference to avoid the intermediate condition altogether: that is, to live on earth until the resurrection ( With-erington 1995 : 391 ). But the reference to nakedness may also be a reminder of the harsh reality of final judgement ( cf. 2 Cor 5:10 ) when a person's culpability will be exposed ( Isa 47:3; Ezek 23:28–9; Murphy-O'Connor 1991 : 52 ). An awareness of the importance of the values of honour and shame...

The Wisdom of Solomon

The Wisdom of Solomon   Reference library

William Horbury and William Horbury

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,675 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...) I Preferred Wisdom to Everything Else For the sake of his deep love ( 8:2 ) he preferred wisdom to the enjoyment of wealth ( vv. 8–9 , with 1 Kings 3:11; 2 Chr 1:11; cf. Prov 8:10–11 ), and also to health, beauty, and light ( v. 10 ); perhaps arduous study ( 6:14, 17; Sir 39:1 ) away from broad daylight made him like a pale sickly disciple of the wise, but in any case he looked like a disconsolate lover. The unsought good things in fact came together with wisdom ( 1 Kings 3:13; 2 Chr 1:12 ), but, loving her for herself (contrast wis 8:17–18 ), he did...

Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy   Reference library

Christoph Bultmann and Christoph Bultmann

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,352 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...wealth of the land as a possible threat to Israel's faithful adherence to the God of the Exodus. For a critical analysis see Veijola ( 1995 a ). vv. 7–10 (‘When the Lord your God brings you into a good land…then you shall bless the Lord your God…’; cf. Weinfeld 1991 : 391 ) is an exhortation to praise God for all the good which the community enjoys. In v. 11 , the notion of ‘forgetting YHWH’ is explained in terms of disobedience to the law. vv. 12–18 enlarge on the preceding texts, notably in hymnic praise of YHWH's mighty deeds. A scribe here...

Slang

Slang   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,089 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...terms: • “Pedants, prigs, purists, precisians, and all dry-witted and thin-witted persons naturally hate slang, because it is alive. But men of rich natures love slang. It is the wild game of language.” Educational Review ( 1892 ) (as quoted in C.H. Ward , What Is English? 391–92 [ 1925 ]). • “[A]n accustomed word sometimes seems to lose its force through familiarity, and the substitution of a picturesque or ludicrous metaphor enlivens the dullness of ordinary straightforward speech. This impulse accounts for the growth of what we call slang.” Henry...

anthropic

anthropic  

Relating to the period during which humans have existed on Earth.
attached

attached  

Reference type:
Overview Page
When a warrant has remained attached to the securities with which they were originally issued (cf. cum).
Alan Bullock

Alan Bullock  

(1914–2004),British historian, born in Bradford, educated at Wadham College, Oxford. He began his academic career at Oxford as a fellow of New College in 1945. He was instrumental in ...
Balfour, David

Balfour, David  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A character in R. L. Stevenson's Kidnapped and Catriona.
Brabanzio

Brabanzio  

Accuses Othello of having bewitched his daughter Desdemona before the Duke of Venice, Othello 1.3.Anne Button
Bredwardine

Bredwardine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
HerefordshireVillage off the B438, 12 m. NW of Hereford. Francis Kilvert was vicar here from 1877 until his death two years later. His grave in the churchyard is marked ...
amphibious assault ship

amphibious assault ship  

LHA a naval ship designed to carry and land assault troops by helicopters, landing craft, or other amphibious vehicles.

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