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1st duke of Marlborough, John Churchill

(1650–1722) English general. He was appointed commander of British and Dutch troops in the War of the Spanish Succession and won a series of victories over the French armies of ...

Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of

Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of (1650–1722)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2015
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History
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97 words

..., John Churchill, 1st Duke of ( 1650–1722 ) English general . He was appointed commander of British and Dutch troops in the War of the Spanish Succession and won a series of victories over the French armies of Louis XIV, most notably Blenheim ( 1704 ), Ramillies ( 1706 ), Oudenarde ( 1708 ), and Malplaquet ( 1709 ), which effectively ended Louis’s attempts to dominate Europe. The building of Blenheim Palace, Marlborough’s seat at Woodstock in Oxfordshire, was funded by Queen Anne as a token of the nation’s gratitude for his...

Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of

Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of (1650–1722)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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2004
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Encyclopedias
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97 words

..., John Churchill, 1st Duke of ( 1650–1722 ) English general . Churchill helped James II defeat Monmouth ( 1685 ), but switched allegiance in support of the Protestant Glorious Revolution ( 1688 ). Partly due to his wife's friendship with Queen Anne , he was appointed Captain-General of Allied armies in the War of the Spanish Succession . His strategic skill gained great victories at Blenheim ( 1704 ), Ramillies ( 1706 ), Oudenaarde ( 1708 ), and Malplaquet ( 1709 ). Churchill was rewarded with a dukedom and Blenheim Palace. When his wife...

Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st duke of

Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st duke of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
329 words

..., John Churchill, 1st duke of ( 1650–1722 ). The most successful general of his age, Marlborough was from 1704 until 1710 the leading European statesman. From page he became confidential emissary to the duke of York (the future James II ) and in 1685 after playing a decisive part in defeating Monmouth 's rebel army he became a major‐general. After 1683 he and his wife Sarah also developed a lasting connection with the future queen Anne. Churchill made a massive contribution to the success of the Glorious Revolution by organizing a network of...

Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st duke of

Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st duke of (1650–1722)   Reference library

J. R. Jones

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

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Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
581 words

..., John Churchill, 1st duke of ( 1650–1722 ) . The most successful general of his age, Marlborough was from 1704 until 1710 the leading European statesman, eclipsing even Louis XIV . Son of an impoverished royalist squire he owed the start of his dual career as courtier and soldier to the future James II . He gained military experience in Tangier and under Turenne in the French service. From page he became confidential emissary to James, and in 1685 after playing a decisive part in defeating Monmouth ’s rebel army he became a major-general....

1st duke of Marlborough, John Churchill

1st duke of Marlborough, John Churchill  

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(1650–1722)English general. He was appointed commander of British and Dutch troops in the War of the Spanish Succession and won a series of victories over the French armies of Louis XIV, most notably ...
2nd duke of Ormond, James Butler

2nd duke of Ormond, James Butler  

(1665–1745).Succeeding his grandfather in July 1688, he supported the petition to James for a free parliament, then accepted William of Orange, for whom he fought in Ireland and Flanders. A pillar of ...
Blenheim palace

Blenheim palace  

(Oxon.). Home of the dukes of Marlborough and birthplace of Sir Winston Churchill. Situated in Woodstock, Blenheim palace was given to John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, in gratitude for his ...
1st earl of Godolphin, Sidney Godolphin

1st earl of Godolphin, Sidney Godolphin  

(1645–1712)English statesman who gave loyal service to Charles II, James II, and Queen Anne. Although he maintained close links with the Jacobites, he served William III until he quarrelled with his ...
2nd duke of Argyll, John Campbell

2nd duke of Argyll, John Campbell  

(1678–1743).Soldier and politician. While still in his twenties, Argyll emerged pre‐eminent among the Scottish magnates, and as lord high commissioner (1705) played a key role in opening negotiations ...
siege of Lille

siege of Lille  

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(1708).This 120-day siege was a costly success for Marlborough. Following his victory at Oudenarde in July 1708, he and Prince Eugène of Savoy moved south to besiege the French ...
William Shippen

William Shippen  

(1673–1743).Jacobite parliamentarian. The son of a clergyman, Shippen trained as a barrister. He became a Tory MP in 1707, and, but for one short interlude (1709–10), remained in Parliament for the ...
Duke of Monmouth James

Duke of Monmouth James  

(1649–85).Charles II's eldest and most favoured illegitimate son, Monmouth gained experience with the French army in 1672–4. Becoming an English general in 1678, he defeated the Scottish rebels in ...
3rd earl of Peterborough, Charles Mordaunt

3rd earl of Peterborough, Charles Mordaunt  

(1658–1735).Politician, soldier, and diplomatist. Known until 1697 by his earlier title of earl of Monmouth, Peterborough's cleverness ran to dishonesty and to any ministry was a liability. An ...
Battle of Oudenarde

Battle of Oudenarde  

(1708)Military engagement during the War of the Spanish Succession. At the Flemish city of Oudenarde Marlborough and his Dutch and Austrian allies defeated the French army. It was Marlborough's third ...
Board and Master-General of Ordnance

Board and Master-General of Ordnance  

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The Board of Ordnance was responsible for the British army's train of artillery, comprising guns and engineer services, and came under the control of the Master-General of the Ordnance. This ...
Vendôme, Marshal Louis Joseph, Duc de

Vendôme, Marshal Louis Joseph, Duc de  

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(1654–1712).Vendôme, great-grandson of Henri IV of France, served in the early wars of Louis XIV, performing well under Luxembourg at Steenkirk in 1695 before going on to command in ...
battle of Ramillies

battle of Ramillies  

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(23 May 1706)A battle that took place in eastern Belgium between Namur and Louvain, Marlborough's second great victory during the War of the Spanish Succession over the French army under Villeroi. ...
League of Augsburg war

League of Augsburg war  

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(1688–97),also known as the Nine Years War or the War of the Grand Alliance. After having the first eighteen years of his 72-year reign dominated by his political mentor ...
howitzer

howitzer  

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ˈhowǝtsǝrn. a short gun for firing shells on high trajectories at low velocities.
battle of Malplaquet

battle of Malplaquet  

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History
(11 September 1709)A battle fought in north-east France, close to the Belgian frontier, that saw Marlborough's last victory over the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. Marlborough's ...

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