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Hasan al- Banna

Subject: Religion

(d. 1949) Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (Jamiat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun) in 1928. Held absolute personal authority over the movement and required personal loyalty and ...

Ḥasan al-Bannā’

Ḥasan al-Bannā’ (1906–49)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
80 words

... al-Bannā’ ( 1906–49 ). The founder and leader of al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn in Egypt. Ḥasan al-Bannā ’ studied at al-Azhar and qualified as a teacher. In 1928 , he founded the al-Ikhwān at Ismaʿiliyya. He attracted wide support for the Ikhwān among all classes. He believed that the sickness of Egyptian Islamic society could be cured ‘only by a return to the regenerative springs of the Qur’ān and the Ḥadīth ’. Increasing tension between him and the government culminated in his assassination in 1949...

Bannā, Ḥasan al-

Bannā, Ḥasan al- (1906–1949)   Reference library

Olivier Carré, Elizabeth Keller, Liv Tønnessen, and Abdullah A. Al-Arian

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,706 words

...1998. Kraemer, Gudrun . Hasan al-Banna . Oxford, U.K.: Oneworld, 2009. Moussalli, Aḥmad . “Ḥasan Al-Bannā's Islamist Discourse on Constitutional Rule and Islamic State.” Journal of Islamic Studies 4, no. 2 (1993): 161–174. Wendell, Charles , trans. Five Tracts of Ḥasan al-Bannā (1906–1949): A Selection from the Majmū‘at al-rasā’il al-Imām al-Shahīd Ḥasan al-Bannā . Berkeley: University of Calififornia Press, 1978. Olivier Carré Translated from the French by Elizabeth Keller Updated by Liv Tønnessen and Abdullah A. Al...

Bannā, Ḥasan al-

Bannā, Ḥasan al-   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,328 words

...Rule and Islamic State. ” Journal of Islamic Studies 4, no. 2 (1993): 161–174. Saʿīd, Rifʿat al- . Ḥasan al-Bannā: Matá—kayfa—wa-li-mādā? Cairo, Egypt, 1990. Open-minded, Marxist biography; includes the last three writings by al-Bannā. Wendell, Charles , trans. Five Tracts of Ḥasan al-Bannā (1906–1949) : A Selection from the Majmūʿat al-rasāʿil al-Imām al-Shahīd Ḥasan al-Bannā. Berkeley, Calif., 1978. Olivier Carré Translated from the French by Elizabeth Keller Updated by Liv...

al-Banna', Hasan

al-Banna', Hasan (1906–49)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
1,664 words

...-Banna', Hasan ( 1906–49 ) Founder and general guide (al-murshid al-‘amm) of the Society of the Muslim Brothers (Jam‘iyyat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun), Hasan al-Banna' was born in October 1906 in the village of Mahmudiyya, northwest of Cairo. He was assasinated by the secret police in the street outside the headquarters of the Young Men's Muslim Association in Cairo on 12 February 1949 . Hasan al-Banna' was the oldest son of Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Bannaal-Sa‘ati ( 1881–1958 ), a ma'dhun (authorized by a qadi to perform marriages), imam and mosque...

Banna, Hasan al-

Banna, Hasan al- (1906)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,139 words

...with the Free Officers that forced them underground and effectively ended their public role for nearly two decades. [ see also Muhyi al-Din, Khalid ; Nasser, Gamal Abd al- ; Nuqrashi, Mahmud Fahmi al- ; and Ukasha, Tharwat . ] bibliography al-Banna, Hasan . Memoirs of Hasan al-Banna . Karachi, Pakisstan: International Islamic Publishers, 1981. Details the Muslim Brothers’s early years. Krämer, Gudrum . Hasan al-Banna . Oxford, UK: Oneworld, 2010. Lia, Brynjar . The Society of Muslim Brothers in Egypt: The Rise of an Islamic Mass Movement, 1928–1942 ....

Banna, Hasan al-

Banna, Hasan al- (1949)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
203 words

...Banna, Hasan al- (d. 1949 ) Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (Jamiat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun) in 1928 . Held absolute personal authority over the movement and required personal loyalty and obedience from all adherents. Transformed it into a political movement in 1933 . Active in the underground movement with the Free Officers in plotting to overthrow the Egyptian monarchy. In the 1930s and 1940s, founded Muslim schools and a publishing house that produced daily and weekly newspapers and Muhammad Rashid Rida 's scholarly journal Al-manar ....

Ḥasan al-Bannā’

Ḥasan al-Bannā’  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1906–49).The founder and leader of al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn in Egypt. Ḥasan al-Bannā’ studied at al-Azhar and qualified as a teacher. In 1928, he founded the al-Ikhwān at Ismaʿiliyya. He attracted ...
Hasan al- Banna

Hasan al- Banna  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1949)Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (Jamiat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun) in 1928. Held absolute personal authority over the movement and required personal loyalty and obedience from all ...
al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn

al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn  

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Religion
‘The Muslim Brotherhood’, a religio-political movement founded in Egypt by Ḥasan al-Bannāʾ (1904–49) in 1928. Its adherents urge a return to the fundamentals of Islam. The Ikhwan's main objectives ...
Jamiat al-Shubban al-Muslimin

Jamiat al-Shubban al-Muslimin  

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Religion
A pan-Islamic Egyptian political association founded in 1927 in Cairo. Formed on the model of the YMCA, and often referred to as the Young Men's Muslim Association (YMMA), it was created following ...
Burhanuddin al-Helmy

Burhanuddin al-Helmy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1329–89 / 1911–69)Burhanuddin bin Haji Muhammad Nor, better known as Burhanuddin al-Helmy, was a thinker-cum-politician in the transition era of pre- and post-independence Malaysia. He was born into ...
Yūsuf al- Qaradāwī

Yūsuf al- Qaradāwī  

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Religion
Yūsuf al-Qaradāwī (b. 1926)is an Egyptianreligious scholar and global media figure. Widely regarded by Sunnī Muslims as a pre-eminent jurist of the contemporary era and a major intellectual ...
al- Manar

al- Manar  

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Religion
Influential Egyptian journal (the name means “the lighthouse”) founded and published by Muhammad Abduh and Muhammad Rashid Rida in the early twentieth century. Hasan al-Banna took over the journal ...
Islamic State

Islamic State  

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Religion
Modern ideological position associated with political Islam. In classical theory, the Islamic concept of state is based on the principles of group/community, justice, and leadership. The legitimacy ...
Waṭan

Waṭan  

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Religion
The term waṭan is formed from the root w-ṭ-n, meaning “to dwell or reside.” In traditional Islamic culture, waṭan indicated a person's place of birth or residence. The word was ...
Hizb

Hizb  

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Religion
Negative Quranic term meaning “faction,” though used twice (5:56 and 58:22) with approbation. In modern usage, refers to political parties. The reluctance in Islamic countries to accept the notion of ...
Burhanuddin Rabbani

Burhanuddin Rabbani  

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Religion
Former president of Afghanistan. Head of Afghani Jamiat-i Islami (formerly part of the Afghani branch of the Muslim Brotherhood). A former professor of Islamic studies, he favored Hasan al-Banna's ...
Mustafa al- Sibai

Mustafa al- Sibai  

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Religion
(d. 1964)Syrian political thinker, educator, writer, and founder of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood. Involved in political activism in Egypt, where he was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood and ...
Muslim Brotherhood

Muslim Brotherhood  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An Islamic fundamentalist movement created by the pious Egyptian Muslim schoolteacher Hasan al-Banna (b. 1906, d. 1949) in 1928. Aiming to rejuvenate Islam, it sought to impose Islamic law (Shariah) ...
al- Azhar

al- Azhar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Founded in 969/970, this Cairene university may have been named for the prophet Muhammad's daughter Fatimah “al-Zahra” (the brilliant), the eponymous ancestor of the Fatimids, founder of Cairo. ...

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