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Émile Augier

(1820–89), French dramatist, one of the first to revolt against the excesses of the Romantics. After a few plays in verse, he found his true vocation in writing domestic ...

Augier, Émile

Augier, Émile   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
191 words

..., Émile ( 1820–89 ) French playwright , champion of early *realism , along with *Dumas fils . Augier came to prominence in 1844 with La Ciguë ( The Love of Hippolyta ). Its professed morality was in direct opposition to *romantic drama and heralded a new era in the theatre, beyond the *well-made play , of *bourgeois morals, taste, and social concerns in Second Empire France. In his large dramatic output, the themes of money and class shine out. But although he exposed hypocrisy, he often wrote from within the dominant ideology and failed to...

Augier, Émile

Augier, Émile   Reference library

Brian Singleton

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
353 words

..., Émile ( 1820–89 ) French playwright, champion of early realism , along with Dumas fils . Augier first came to prominence in 1844 with his play La Ciguë (translated as The Love of Hippolyta ). Its professed morality was in direct opposition to romantic drama and heralded a new era in the theatre, beyond the well-made play , of bourgeois morals and taste. The contrivance of plot was replaced by the popular dramaturgy of the social concerns of the middle classes in Second Empire France, at a time of increasing wealth, unprecedented...

Augier, Émile

Augier, Émile (1820–89)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
207 words

..., Émile ( 1820–89 ). Successful French dramatist of the Second Empire who represents the ‘école du bon sens’, a reaction against the extravagances of Romantic drama and the superficiality of Scribe . Beginning with a run of insipid plays in verse— La Ciguë ( 1844 ), L'Aventurière ( 1848 ), Gabrielle ( 1849 )—he made his name with a succession of dramas about social problems. The lightest of these was Le Gendre de Monsieur Poirier ( 1854 ), a satire on the conflict between profligate nobility and thrifty bourgeoisie which echoes Scribe's...

Émile Augier

Émile Augier (1820–89)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
41 words

...0Émile Émile Augier 1820 – 89 French poet and dramatist La nostalgie de la boue! Longing to be back in the mud! Le Mariage d'Olympe (1855) act 1, sc. 1 nostalgie de la boue nostalgie de la boue back in the ...

Émile Augier

Émile Augier (1820–89)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
90 words

...0Eamile Émile Augier 1820 – 89 French poet and dramatist marquis : Mettez un canard sur un lac au milieu des cygnes, vous verrez qu'il regrettera sa mare et finira par y retourner. montrichard : La nostalgie de la boue! marquis : Put a duck on a lake in the midst of some swans, and you'll see he'll miss his pond and eventually return to it. montrichard : Longing to be back in the mud! Le Mariage d'Olympe (1855) act 1, sc. 1 nostalgie de la boue nostalgie de la boue back in the ...

Émile Augier

Émile Augier (182089)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
131 words

...Émile Augier 1820 89 French poet and playwright Marquis Mettez un canard sur un lac au milieu des cygnes, vous verrez qu'il regrettera sa mare et finira par y retourner. Montrichard La nostalgie de la boue! [Longing to be back in the mud]. In the play Le Mariage d'Olympe (1855), Augier gave this as an explanation of what happens when you put a duck on a lake with swans: he will miss his own pond and eventually return to it. The phrase has been taken up in many situations where there is a desire for degradation. At the very end of D.H. Lawrence's ...

Augier, (Guillaume Victor) Émile

Augier, (Guillaume Victor) Émile (1820–89)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
152 words

..., (Guillaume Victor) Émile ( 1820–89 ), French dramatist, one of the first to revolt against the excesses of the Romantics. After a few plays in verse, he found his true vocation in writing domestic prose-dramas dealing with social questions of the moment, of which Le Gendre de Monsieur Poirier ( 1854 ) is the best known. Among others successful in their day were Le Mariage d'Olympe ( 1855 ), which paints the courtesan as she is and not as idealized by the younger Dumas ; Les Lionnes pauvres ( 1858 ), which shows the disruption of home life...

Émile Augier

Émile Augier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1820–89),French dramatist, one of the first to revolt against the excesses of the Romantics. After a few plays in verse, he found his true vocation in writing domestic prose-dramas ...
Pièce à thèse

Pièce à thèse  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A term first associated with the plays of Augier and Dumas fils. It refers to plays which focus on some moral, social, or political evil or abuse and in which ...
Jules Sandeau

Jules Sandeau  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1811–83).French novelist, who collaborated with Sand (Rose et Blanche, 1831), with Augier, and with Houssaye (Milla, 1843, a study of the nefarious effects of reading novels). His own novels ...
raisonneur

raisonneur  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A character in a play who appears to act as a mouthpiece for the opinons of the play's author, usually displaying a superior or more detached view of the action than the other characters.
thesis play

thesis play  

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Overview Page
A translation of the French term pièce à thèse, a thesis play investigates controversial social and moral issues in order to stimulate discussion and direct debate. Usually identified with the ...
Théâtre du Gymnase

Théâtre du Gymnase  

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Paris. Built in 1820 on what is now the boulevard Bonne-Nouvelle, this theatre was originally intended as a training-ground for young actors. This proved impractical, and in 1830 the theatre ...
nostalgie de la boue

nostalgie de la boue  

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Overview Page
A desire for degradation and depravity. The French phrase, meaning literally ‘mud nostalgia’, was coined by the French poet and dramatist Émile Augier (1820–89), in Le Mariage d'Olympe (1855). In ...
James Albery

James Albery  

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(1838–89),English dramatist, whose ‘decayed gentleman’ Digby Grant in Two Roses (1870) provided Henry Irving with one of his first successes in London. Most of Albery's other plays, mainly taken ...
Ermete Novelli

Ermete Novelli  

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(1851–1919)Italian actor-manager. A tall, lean man with a chiselled face and supple body, Novelli made his name in the Calloud-Diligenti (1868–73) and the Bellotti-Bon (1877–83) companies as a comic ...
Henri Becque

Henri Becque  

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(1837–99)French dramatist. Championed by Zola, Becque fell between two dramaturgical movements, the realism of the well-made play and slice-of-life naturalism. His life was characterized by money ...
Constant-Benoît Coquelin

Constant-Benoît Coquelin  

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(1841–1909),French actor, known as Coquelin aîné to distinguish him from his brother Ernest-Alexandre-Honoré (1848–1909), also an actor, known as Coquelin cadet. They were both at the ...
Paolo Ferrari

Paolo Ferrari  

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Overview Page
(1822–89),Italian dramatist, who was practising law when the first of his numerous plays was produced. He came into prominence in 1853 when his play on Goldoni—Goldoni e le sue ...
well-made play

well-made play  

Reference type:
Overview Page
English version of une pièce bien faite, a label applied in early 19th-century France, at first in a complimentary sense, to plays written by dramatists skilled above all in putting ...

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