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gerontology

gerontology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
5 words

... the study of...

gerontology

gerontology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. the study of the changes in the mind and body that accompany ageing and the problems associated with them.
geropsychology

geropsychology  

Psychological aspects of ageing. Compare gerontology. [From Greek geron, gerontos an old man + English psychology]
geriatrics

geriatrics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders that occur in old age and with the care of the aged. See also gerontology.
old age

old age  

An ill-defined age epoch for which euphemisms include retired persons, senior citizens, third age, and golden age. Vital statistics classify age-specific events in 10-year or larger categories, ...
continuity theory

continuity theory  

A gerontological theory of adjustment to old age, which has been applied to the adjustment of athletes to retirement. The continuity theory states that satisfactory adjustment is associated with ...
social science search engines

social science search engines  

Several Internet search engines are available to assist in locating abstracts and other information about the social sciences. These include a UK-based search engine, ...
sociology of ageing

sociology of ageing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The physiological process of growing older has vital social and cultural dimensions which affect what is often seen as a purely biological inevitability. Age is also a cultural category and its ...
gerontology

gerontology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... The study of ageing and of elderly people. Some gerontological studies, such as adaptation to retirement, have had particular application to sports sociology. See also ageism , ageing process...

gerontology

gerontology n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
21 words

... n. the study of the changes in the mind and body that accompany ageing and the problems associated with...

gerontology

gerontology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
24 words

... [je-ron- tol -ŏji] n. the study of the changes in the mind and body that accompany ageing and the problems associated with...

geropsychology

geropsychology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . Psychological aspects of ageing. Compare gerontology . [From Greek geron, gerontos an old man + English psychology...

gerontology

gerontology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . The study of ageing. Compare geriatrics . [From Greek geron, gerontos an old man + logos word, discourse, or...

geriatric medicine

geriatric medicine   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...medicine The medical specialism concerned with the treatment of older people , led by a consultant geriatrician. See also ageism ; anti-ageist practice ; gerontology ; gray panthers ; theories of ageing...

geriatrics

geriatrics n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
29 words

... n. the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders that occur in old age and with the care of the aged. See also gerontology...

gerontology

gerontology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Interdisciplinary subject area that focuses on ageing and older people , drawing on biological, psychological, and social theories. In the 1970s it was primarily concerned with the individual older person and the processes associated with her/his ageing. Under the influence of social gerontology, this individually-focused approach developed into a wider concern with the political, economic, and social construction of ageing and what it means to be an older person. The status and portrayals of older people vary significantly in different societies...

social science search engines

social science search engines   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...social science search engines Several Internet search engines are available to assist in locating abstracts and other information about the social sciences. These include databases on demography, sociology, gerontology, economics, etc. See http://www.searchengineguide.com/pages/Social_Science/ . ...

gerontology

gerontology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...gerontology The scientific study of the aging process. From the Greek geront , meaning old man. Although this science focuses on anatomical, physiological, and pathological phenomena associated with aging, it can begin the study with humans, or organisms, or at any age from conception onward. ...

geriatrics

geriatrics n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
37 words

... [je-ri- at -riks] n. the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders that occur in old age and with the care of the aged. See also gerontology . —geriatrician [je-ri-ă- trish -ăn] ...

geriatrics

geriatrics n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . The branch of medicine devoted to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders affecting old people. See also psychogeriatrics . Compare gerontology . geriatric adj . [From Greek geras old age + iatros a doctor + - ikos of, relating to, or...

gerontology

gerontology  

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference

... The study of aging and the elderly. Social research into the problems and needs specific to the elderly emerged in the 1960s in the context of policy studies—especially of welfare and health services disproportionately used by the elderly. Gerontology is becoming an increasingly significant field of study as many industrialized countries—especially in Europe—confront declining birth rates, longer life spans, and the consequent rising numbers of elderly citizens as a percentage of total population. This demographic shift has serious implications for...

gerontology

gerontology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
251 words

... The study of the processes of ageing , old age, and the elderly. Frequently viewed as a branch of biology, with a focus on the role of genetic factors (the extent to which ageing is pre-programmed), the study of the social aspects of ageing, sometimes termed social gerontology, is now well established. Interest in ageing has grown enormously with 20th-century demographic changes. Increases in life expectancy and reductions in childbearing have transformed the age-structures of the population of advanced industrial societies, increasing significantly...

Gerontology

Gerontology   Reference library

Carole Haber

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...University Press, 1995. Examines the establishment of gerontology in the United States in the twentieth century. The author finds that gerontology did not become the science envisioned by its early advocates; rather, its multidisciplinary approach challenged traditional specialization and boundaries. Achenbaum, W. Andrew , and Levin, Jeffrey S. “What Does Gerontology Mean?” The Gerontologist 29, no. 3 (1989): 393–400. Argues that although gerontology has continued to grow over the half decade, given its multiple agendas and approaches, little consensus...

geriatrics

geriatrics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...anticipate deterioration of organs and prevent organ failure, sometimes by intervening at younger ages, around age 55 to 60 years, and providing health-promotion and disease-prevention regimens that will enhance prospects for independent healthy life at later ages. See also gerontology . ...

continuity theory

continuity theory   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...theory ( consolidation theory ) A gerontological theory of adjustment to old age, which has been applied to the adjustment of athletes to retirement. The continuity theory states that satisfactory adjustment is associated with integration between stages of the life cycle. It stresses the value of continuing activities in old age (or in retirement), which were of value in middle age (or before retirement). It maintains that the best adjusted individuals will replace lost roles with new...

old age

old age   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...care; an older group is aged 75 to 84 years; and the final category, the oldest old , are those 85 years of age and older, a majority of whom have become or are becoming dependent on others for assistance with activities required for daily living. See also geriatrics ; gerontology . ...

ageing

ageing   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
156 words

...In population terms, the growth in the number and/or proportion of elderly people. It is generally caused by a combination of longer life expectancy , falling birth rates, and net migration. The study of ageing populations, also known as gerontology, has become increasingly important in human geography because of its significance at international, national, and sub-national scales. It has implications for the planning and provision of health and welfare services, as well as impacts on pensions systems. Where ageing results in an increased dependency...

ageing, sociology of

ageing, sociology of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
388 words

...social policy. By contrast, considerable sociological attention has been paid to youth culture . In Western capitalism, a wage-labour system means fixed retirement from external production, thus categorizing the aged as non-productive, and a burden. In research priorities, gerontology , with its medical model of ageing, has been influential. Sociological research in Britain has focused on the aged as isolates or in state institutions. Demographic changes—with increasing longevity, a declining birth-rate, and a greater proportion of the population over 65 in...

Aging

Aging   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...(Kane, Priester, Kane, & Mollica, 2006 ). Results will help identify state policies and practices that contribute to more effective community long-term care, and can shape the service system of the future. Gerontological Social Work Services A specialized body of social work knowledge and skills in gerontology has emerged, and the demand for gerontological social workers will continue to increase in response to our aging society and the ever-expanding array of aging services (Wilson, 2006 ). Social workers serve in all of the settings reviewed above by...

Hostos Community College

Hostos Community College   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
512 words

...in arts, associate in science, and associate in applied science degrees. About 32 percent of the students study liberal arts, while 68 percent choose from a wide range of career programs, including accounting, business administration, dental hygiene, early childhood education, gerontology, public administration, radiologic technology, and nursing. Some 50 percent of the students at Hostos Community College are English as a Second Language students. The college offers a transitional ESL program to assist the shift from a native language to English. The college...

geriatric medicine — history

geriatric medicine — history   Reference library

John Grimley Evans

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
1,156 words

...Several national societies of geratology or geriatrics have an interest in fostering research. The International Association of Gerontology provides an umbrella organization, within which workers from the clinical, social, and biological disciplines can meet simultaneously every four years. In the early 1940s the United States National Institutes of Health established a gerontology unit in Baltimore that became the Gerontology Research Center in 1966 . In 1974 the National Institute on Aging was established under the directorship of Dr R. N. Butler ,...

Adult Day Care

Adult Day Care   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...(e) referrals to and coordination of other community services as well as other in-house supportive services such as transportation and volunteer programs; and (f) advocacy for increased funding for the services. With the serious current and projected future shortage of gerontological social workers ( National Association of Social Workers [ NASW ], 2006 ), however, adult day care centers are and will be understaffed with social workers unless concerted efforts are made to recruit and train them to work in aging services settings. Social work education...

Retirement Communities

Retirement Communities   Reference library

Katie Otis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Community . New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1974. Peterson, James A., Theodore Hadwen, and Aili Larson. A Time for Work, a Time for Leisure: A Study of Retirement Community In-Movers . Los Angeles: Gerontology Center, University of Southern California, 1960. Rose, Arnold M. “The Subculture of Aging: A Framework for Research in Social Gerontology.” In Older People and Their Social World: The Sub-culture of the Aging , edited by Arnold M. Rose and Warren A. Peterson, pp. 3–16. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis, 1965. Katie...

Family Caregiving

Family Caregiving   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...398–403. Montgomery, R. J. (1996). Advancing caregiver research: Weighing efficacy and feasibility of interventions . Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences , 51B(3), S109–S110. National Alliance for Caregiving and AARP. (2004). Caregiving in the U.S . Washington, DC: AARP. Owens-Kane, S. (2007). Mosaic of difference: Enhancing culturally competent aging-related knowledge among social workers . Journal of Gerontological Social Work , 48(3/4), 475–492. Picot, S. , Debanne, S. M. , Namazi, K. H. , & Wykle, M. L. (1997). Religiosity and perceived...

Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia

Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia   Reference library

Jesse F. Ballenger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...of patients could best explain any particular case of dementia. This psychodynamic model seemed to bring dementia within the purview of mainstream psychiatric theory, which was dominated by psychoanalysis through the 1950s. It also resonated with the emerging field of social gerontology after World War II, and a more generalized psychodynamic approach applied to the broader problem of social adjustment to aging was taken up by many researchers in the aging field through the 1970s. The psychodynamic approach never had much currency in European psychiatry and...

Dual Degree Programs

Dual Degree Programs   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...degrees,” “cooperative degree,” and “side-by-side program” to be used synonymously to what is termed a “dual degree program” here. In fact, several schools record more than one of these types of programs. Some schools also list “certificate programs,” such as a certificate in gerontology, nonprofit management, or art therapy, as dual degree programs. Still other schools refer to a combined M.S.W. and Ph.D. program in social work or a combined B.S.W. and M.S.W. program as a dual degree program. Although there are commonalities among these programs, there are...

ageing

ageing   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
2,466 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and a rising prevalence of chronic diseases. For example, some elderly people have exceedingly limited physical abilities whereas others are capable of performances which are better than those of many young adults. Subject selection is thus a crucial issue in any gerontological study. Some investigations will require subjects who are representative of their contemporaries, with a typical complement of chronic disorders and medication. Other studies might require highly selected subjects who, although atypical, are free of disease, free of risk...

An Asian American Interpretation of
            Luke 14:25–33

An Asian American Interpretation of Luke 14:25–33  

Oxford Encyclopedias of the Bible: Digital Collection

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Religion

...no. 4 (2007): 333–348. Yoo, Grace J. , and Barbara W. Kim . “Remembering Sacrifices: Attitude and Beliefs Among Second-generation Korean Americans Regarding Family Support.” Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 25, no. 2 (2010): 165–181. Janette H. Ok ...

dentistry

dentistry   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,585 words

...the minimum loss of healthy tooth substance. In prosthodontics, metal posts implanted in the jaw bones can be used to improve the support and efficiency of dentures. Nowadays, people live longer and can expect to have their natural teeth when they die. The science of dental gerontology has emerged to meet the dental needs of elderly people. Cosmetic dentistry, too, is a growth industry. Thin veneers can be used to correct defects on the outer surfaces of anterior teeth. The current trend of body adornment has extended to teeth, and small gems or gold shapes...

Roybal, Edward

Roybal, Edward (1916–2005)   Reference library

Irasema Coronado

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
1,126 words

...daughter, Lucille Roybal-Allard, successfully ran for Congress upon his retirement in 1992 . Because of redistricting she represents a small part of her father’s former district. Roybal served on the NALEO board of directors, acted as a consultant to the Institute for Applied Gerontology (an institution that bears his name at California State University, Los Angeles), and was president of the Lucille and Edward R. Roybal Foundation, an organization that awards college scholarships. The County of Los Angeles inaugurated the Edward R. Roybal Clinic in East Los...

Samia Culture (Western Kenya)

Samia Culture (Western Kenya)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,447 words

...humans go into the wild, and the notion of wildness continues to resonate in Samia thought and ritual action. Maria G. Cattell Further Reading Cattell, Maria G. “ Praise the Lord and Say No to Men: Older Samia Women Empowering Themselves. ” Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 7:3 (1992), 307–30. Kenyatta, Jomo . Facing Mount Kenya: The Tribal Life of the Gikuyu . London: Secker and Warburg, 1953 (1938). Khasiani, Shanyisa A. , ed. Groundwork: African Women as Environmental Managers . Nairobi: ACTS Press (African Centre for Technology Studies),...

Roybal, Edward

Roybal, Edward (b. 1916)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,029 words

...daughter, Lucille Roybal-Allard, successfully ran for Congress upon his retirement in 1992 . Because of redistricting she represents a small part of her father's former district. Roybal serves on the NALEO board of directors, acts as a consultant to the Institute for Applied Gerontology (an institution that bears his name at California State University, Los Angeles), and is president of the Edward R. Roybal Foundation, an organization that awards college scholarships. The County of Los Angeles inaugurated the Edward R. Roybal Clinic in East Los Angeles in ...

Clinical Social Work

Clinical Social Work   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...and Gerontology: A Burgeoning Area for Clinical Social Work Practice With the increasing aging of the baby boomers, the aging specialty has significant implications for the future clinical social work workforce (NASW, 2005 ). From 1996 to 2001 , the Council on Social Work Education reported a drop in the number of students who had selected an aging specialization and were enrolled in MSW programs. Today, there is an incremental increase in selection of the aging concentration and increases in undergraduate and graduate students in aging and gerontology...

Gay Aging and Discourses of Future

Gay Aging and Discourses of Future   Reference library

Dustin Goltz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Queer Studies and Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2024
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
8,658 words

...of what is deemed (or constructed) as imaginable—although most of the research on this has been primarily focused on gay male communities. Threads of this internalized set of scripts in which gay men understand themselves as “old” at younger ages or what has been theorized in gerontology (and also challenged) as the “accelerated aging hypothesis” are also demonstrated ( Barker, 2004 ; Bennett & Thompson, 1991 ; Brown et al., 2001 ; Hostetler, 2004 ). Examination of these meanings may also be traced across a range of qualitative, poetic, narrative, and...

Strengths Perspective

Strengths Perspective   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

..., 27(3), 171–188. Chapin, R. (1995). Social policy development: The strengths perspective . Social Work , 40(4), 506–514. Chapin, R. , & Cox, E. O. (2001). Changing the paradigm: Strengths-based and empowerment-oriented social work with frail elders . Journal of Gerontological Social Work , 36, 165–179. DeJong, P. , & Miller, S. D. (1995). How to interview for client strengths . Social Work , 40(6), 729–736. Early, T. J. , & GlenMaye, L. F. (2000). Valuing families: Social work practice with families from a strengths perspective . Social...

Collaborative Practice

Collaborative Practice   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

... (2003). A model for interdisciplinary collaboration . Social Work , 48(3), 297–306. Bronstein, L. , McCallion, P. , & Kramer, E. (in press). Developing an aging prepared community: Collaboration among counties, consumers, professionals and organizations . Journal of Gerontological Social Work , 48(1/2), 193–202. Byrnes, E. , Boyle, S. , & Yaffe-Kjosness, J. (2005). Enhancing interventions with delinquent youths: The case for specifically treating depression in juvenile justice populations . Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work: Advances in...

Elderly

Elderly   Reference library

Peter S. Perry

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
2,832 words

..., Vol. 6, pp. 651–683. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1968. Carter, Warren . “A Survey of Recent Scholarship on the New Testament and Aging and Suggestions for Future Research.” Journal of Religious Gerontology 9, no. 2 (1995): 35–50. Carter, Warren . “Adult Children and Elderly Parents: The Worlds of the New Testament.” Journal of Religious Gerontology 12, no. 2 (2001): 45–59. Cokayne, Karen . Experiencing Old Age in Ancient Rome . New York: Routledge, 2011. Harris, J. Gordon . Biblical Perspectives on Aging: God and the Elderly . 2d ed. New York:...

Task-Centered Practice

Task-Centered Practice   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...emphasis on identifying specific behavioral and social/emotional goals for students to work on; private practice and community mental health settings wherein clients are encouraged to set concrete goals to fulfill the mandates of managed care and brief treatment; and gerontology settings wherein older clients and their families need help identifying target problems and marshalling their resources to address those problems in a step-by-step fashion are all good examples of settings wherein practitioners using TCP may be able to increase the...

Arab Americans

Arab Americans   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...justice. References Ajrouch, K. J. , & Jamal, A. (2007). Assimilating to a white identity: The case of Arab Americans . International Migration Review 41(4), 860–879. Ajrouch, K. J. 2007. Resources and well-being among Arab-American elders . Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology , 22(2), 167–182. Ajrouch, K. J. (2005). Arab-American immigrant elders' views about social support . Ageing and Society , 25(5), 655–673. Ajrouch, K. J. (1999). Family and ethnic identity in an Arab American community. In M. Suleiman (Ed.), Arabs in America: Building a...

National Association of Social Workers

National Association of Social Workers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...behavior for professional social workers. NASW members affirm that they will abide by the standards set forth in the Code, and NASW monitors member compliance. NASW has continued to develop its credentialing and certification program, and, in 2006 , added three credentials in gerontology social work, bringing the total number of credentials offered to 10. The credentials indicate advanced practice experience. In addition, NASW develops standards for social work practice in a variety of settings (such as long-term care settings and health care settings) as well...

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