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war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

London

London  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The first London ballet performances were given by French and Italians during the 17th and 18th centuries, though two English men, John Weaver (dancer, choreographer, teacher, and writer) and John ...
Romania

Romania   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
288 words

...Romania Ballet in Romania dates back to the founding of the Lyrical Company at Bucharest National Theatre in 1877 and the establishment of its corps de ballet in 1898 . This company became state-supported in 1921 and under ballet master A. Romanowski presented stagings of the Ballets Russes and early Soviet repertories. After the Second World War many new state-subsidized schools and companies were established, with close links to the USSR, though some native Romanian choreographers also emerged, such as Vasily Marcu. The school in Bucharest produced...

London

London   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
424 words

... Ballets Russes provided an important new stimulus to British ballet, and during the 1920s and 1930s London saw the establishment of seminal schools and companies by Rambert and de Valois , as well as the foundation of the Camargo Society and various short-lived companies like the Markova-Dolin company and Tudor's London Ballet . Between these, the first solid generation of English dancers and choreographers was nurtured. After the war de Valois's Sadler's Wells Ballet moved to Covent Garden, to become the Royal Ballet in 1956 . In the late 1960s...

De Vos, Audrey

De Vos, Audrey (24 January 1900)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
593 words

...the body in movement, thus relieving strain and preventing the building of unnecessary muscles. She always encouraged students with “difficult” proportions to use them to advantage. Although her unorthodox way of teaching was for a time regarded with suspicion by the dance “establishment,” de Vos attracted a wide range of students not only from the British Isles but also from the British Commonwealth countries, from Europe, and from the United States; many professionals found their way to her studio. In the early 1960s, de Vos was guest teacher at the Joffrey...

Ballets Russes de Serge Diaghilev, Les

Ballets Russes de Serge Diaghilev, Les   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
691 words

...Serge Diaghilev to bring Russian dance to the West. Its success in combining dance, music, and design to often radical effect and its electrifying roll call of dancers meant that its appearances in Europe before the First World War sparked an international ballet boom, while its dissolution two decades later prompted the establishment of schools and companies throughout Europe and N. America, many of them run by former Diaghilev dancers. Diaghilev had already brought Russian art, music and opera to the attention of Paris with considerable success and in ...

Latvia

Latvia   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,918 words

... made them suitable for dancing, and these dances formed the basis for the resurgence of folk dance interest in the 1930s, when the collection of dance folklore and the establishment of folk dance circles began. This work enabled reproduction of the best-known dances, collected in fragments from various districts of Latvia. The popularity of folk dance grew considerably after World War II. The government of Soviet Latvia included folk dance in the programs of traditional song festivals. After 1948 the song and dance festivals were held every five years,...

Pakistan

Pakistan   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,490 words

...institutes, always surrounded by fear of violent disruption by radical elements—intensified the impact of the choreography. When the official ban on dance was lifted in 1988 , the themes addressed by choreographers refocused. With freedom of speech and the press and the establishment of democracy, some of the earlier themes became irrelevant. One popular new theme focuses on the struggle to gain social acceptance for dance as an art form. Much of the new work of Nahid Siddiqui, who recently returned to Pakistan after a 15-year self-imposed exile, is...

Chabukiani, Vakhtang

Chabukiani, Vakhtang (27 February)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,032 words

...of the action; it did not function simply as a divertissement . [See Laurencia .] Soon after the establishment of diplomatic relations between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1934 , Chabukiani and Tatiana Vecheslova became the first Soviet dancers to tour the United States. During some thirty performances Chabukiani dazzled audiences with his soaring elevation, lightning-quick turns, and athletic energy. When the Soviet Union entered World War II in 1941 , Chabukiani returned to Tbilisi, where he became principal dancer, chief choreographer,...

Movement Choir

Movement Choir   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,535 words

...event but to be seen as a cultural and educational force in society. Movement choir emerged from the social and political atmosphere that developed from 1918 to the early 1930s in Germany, during which the end of World War I, the social influence of the Russian Revolution, the toppling of the German monarchy, and the establishment of the Weimar Republic resulted in a loosening of many of the rigid structures of German society. Among the young people, there was a real sense of building and contributing to a new society. There was also a general...

Royal Ballet

Royal Ballet   Reference library

Anita Finkel

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
5,503 words

...years of World War II. From its beginnings with six dancers, it now numbered between thirty and forty. Through the box office and public appeals, the company was self-sufficient; the idea of a British national ballet was well established, and de Valois could count on the support of the royal family and influential members of the cultural establishment. The company had appeared in Copenhagen and Paris and was acquiring a certain patriotic significance. The creative achievements of the early years proved important enough to survive the war. Ashton's...

Ballet De Collège

Ballet De Collège   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,082 words

...and they poured all the resources of their imagination into it.” In this they were following the contemporary enthusiasm for dance at the court and in the theater. In the lettres patentes for the establishment of the Académie Royale de Danse in 1661 , Louis XIV defined dance as “one of the arts most useful to our nobility, not only in the time of war, in our armies [dance being one of the exercises for training the body] but in time of peace as well, in the divertissements of our ballets.” The Jesuits, who were the educators of the nobility, shared...

Ukraine

Ukraine   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
3,919 words

...settings were popular, and they established the tradition of presenting peasant customs, dress, song, and dance onstage. Staged folk dances evolved into a variety of formats, including folkloric-ethnographic tableaux, dramas, variety concerts , and cabarets. After the establishment of the Soviet Union, policy required that nationalistic elements in all forms of Ukrainian dance be severely downplayed, although the great local popularity of dance and its potential for international public relations continued to be exploited. For example, the State Folk...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
8,733 words

...journal edited by Michelle Potter. Additional office space was obtained and with voluntary help, a print and audiovisual collection was begun and cataloged. Liaison with the Australian National University has resulted in the establishment of Internet access and liaison with the National Film Archives has resulted in the establishment of a video dance collection. In 1994 , the Australian Dance Council formed the Australian Chapter of the World Dance Alliance—Asia-Pacific Center. Prior to the Australian Dance Council publications, there had been only two...

Christensen Brothers

Christensen Brothers   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,115 words

...Brothers , family of dancers and teachers who trained dancers and built ballet companies that contributed greatly to the establishment of a ballet tradition in the western United States. Members included Willam Christensen (William Farr Christensen; born 27 August 1902 in Brigham City, Utah), Harold Christensen (Harold Farr Christensen; born 25 December 1904 in Brigham City, died 20 February 1989 in San Anselmo, California), and Lew Christensen (Lewellyn Farr Christensen; born 6 May 1909 in Brigham City, died 9 October 1984 in San...

American Dance Festival

American Dance Festival   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,348 words

...folk traditions, and the individualist creative aesthetic of modern dance. The first linkage program, whose success made it a model for subsequent initiatives, led to the founding of the first modern dance program in China, at the Guangdong Dance Academy in 1987 , and to the establishment of China's first and only modern dance company, the Guangdong Modern Dance Company, by the program's first graduating class in 1990 . Other linkages have involved institutions in many countries in South America, Africa, Europe, and Asia; most are ongoing or periodically...

Czech Republic and Slovak Republic

Czech Republic and Slovak Republic   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
7,043 words

...renown, the social and artistic prestige of the ballet was very low. Even visits by such celebrities as Tamara Karsavina , Anna Pavlova , Ruth St. Denis, and Diaghilev's Ballets Russes did not enhance the status of ballet before World War I. A marked change, however, was brought about by the establishment of Czechoslovakia as an independent republic in 1918 . The repertory was modernized with the addition of works such as Petrouchka in 1925 and Salade in 1926 , both adapted from the Diaghilev repertory. At the same time, the Czech style,...

Philippines

Philippines   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
5,291 words

...these materials as starting points for their works, sometimes in ballet and modern dance; however, these two eloquent means of expression have remained basically Western, not yet adapted to the Filipino physique and temperament. The creation of a national idiom awaits the establishment of a national school with government patronage and the development of a concentrated training program. The beginnings are seen in the dance degree program of the College of Music, University of the Philippines, which has its own active dance company. A similar offering has...

Netherlands

Netherlands   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
9,665 words

... and Louki van Oven ), and general guidance (by Jan Kassies). Intrigued by the video series and an accompanying cycle of ten readings by Eva van Schaik, the University of Amsterdam student cultural society Crea sought the establishment of specific programs on dance within the theater studies program; the request resulted in the establishment of a dance work group and in several short papers on theater dance during Germany's Weimar Republic. Since 1975 increasing numbers of students have written papers on dance in relation to art history, theater, musicology,...

Kirstein, Lincoln

Kirstein, Lincoln (4 May 1907)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
3,811 words

...Fée , all choreographed by Balanchine). Thus began the composer's active involvement with a series of Balanchine-Kirstein companies. Of the masterpieces resulting from the collaboration of Balanchine and Stravinsky, possibly the greatest, as well as the most important for the establishment and, later, reputation of the New York City Ballet, were Orpheus ( 1948 ) and Agon ( 1957 ). The composer's published correspondence provides a rare glimpse of Kirstein's role behind the scenes, documenting, among other things, his contribution to the evolution of Agon ...

Great Britain

Great Britain   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
31,844 words

...The advent of World War II ( 1939–1945 ) and the rest of the 1940s saw both companies facing severe tests. From 1941 to 1943 the Rambert company was disbanded, but it was re-formed in March 1943 as the Ballet Rambert. It toured wartime camps and factories and also gave London seasons during the war years. In 1946 the company mounted its first full-length nineteenth-century ballet, Giselle; in the 1947/48 season it toured Australia and New Zealand with great success (returning, however, financially depleted). The war also created major...

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