You are looking at 1-20 of 572 entries  for:

  • All: war establishment x
  • Type: Subject Reference x
  • Warfare and Defence x
clear all

View:

Overview

war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

war establishment

war establishment   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... establishment the level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in...

War Department

War Department   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Department organization established by Congress in August 1789 to oversee all elements of the conduct of war. In an effort to unify various military agencies under civilian control, Congress passed the National Security Act in 1947 , which set up the National Military Establishment, changed the War Department to the Department of the Army, and legalized the Joint Chiefs of Staff (set up during World War II ). In 1949 , the National Military Establishment was renamed the Department of Defense...

national security state

national security state   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...security state a post– World War II state in which nearly all aspects of political, economic, intellectual, and social life are dominated by considerations of national defense and the drive to maintain a defense establishment capable of protecting the state against all...

Paris Peace Conference

Paris Peace Conference   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Peace Conference a meeting begun on January 18, 1919 , to address post– World War I peace issues. Among the controversial issues addressed at the conference were territory disputes, governance of colonies captured during the war, and reparations. It resulted in the Treaty of Versailles and ended with the formal establishment of the League of Nations on January 16, 1920...

National Military Establishment

National Military Establishment   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Military Establishment an organization created by the National Security Act of 1947 , comprised of the heads of the armed forces departments, and responsible for coordinating and responding to defense issues after World War II . The CIA and the National Security Council were created by the same...

Yalta Conference

Yalta Conference   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Conference a World War II peace conference held on February 4–11, 1945 , at Yalta in the Crimea, between President Franklin D. Roosevelt , British Prime Minister Winston Churchill , and Soviet premier Josef Stalin . Issues they discussed included the occupation of Germany, the establishment of a government and borders in Poland, Soviet entry into the war against Japan, and voting procedures for the United Nations . In the aftermath of the war, the agreements reached by the leaders proved largely unsuccessful. It was held in Yalta because Stalin...

”Peace Without Victory” speech

”Peace Without Victory” speech   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Without Victory” speech an address given by President Woodrow Wilson on January 22, 1917 . He proposed peace terms for ending the war and defined the traditional use of victory as being anathema to the establishment of peace among nations. After U.S. entry into World War I on April 16, 1917 , he proposed peace terms in the Fourteen Points address, which was based on this...

Burrows, William Ward

Burrows, William Ward (1758–1805)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... ( 1758–1805 ) first commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps , born in Charleston, South Carolina . From its establishment by Congress ( 1798 ), Burrows recruited, trained and led the corps during his six-year tenure as commandant, laying the foundations of excellence and esprit de corps essential to military identity. Burrows was the only commandant to lead the marines in two major conflicts: the Quasi-War with France ( 1798 ) and the Barbary Wars ( 1801–05 , 1815 ) He established headquarters at Marine Barracks in the new capital and created the Marine...

Bernard, Simon

Bernard, Simon (1779–1839)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Simon ( 1779–1839 ) military engineer , born in France . Once a maréchal de camp under Napoleon, he was recruited to the War Department to draft plans for a system of forts to defend the U.S. coastline from seaborne attacks. Bernard was the most prominent of several Napoleonic veterans who contributed to the reform of the American military establishment after the War of 1812 . His principal role was as chief architect of the system of seacoast fortifications that long remained a central component of U.S. defense...

Luce, Stephen Bleeker

Luce, Stephen Bleeker (1827–1917)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., born in Albany, New York . Luce was a leader and catalyst for the development of professional education and training in the U.S. Navy, and responsible for the establishment of the Naval War College ( 1884 ). He lobbied for its existence, recruited its faculty, and served as its first president ( 1885–86 ). Luce was recalled to active duty in 1901 , returning to the staff of the Naval War College, where he remained until 1910...

Bean, Charles Edwin Woodrow

Bean, Charles Edwin Woodrow (1879–1968)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Woodrow ( 1879–1968 ), Australian official historian. A pre-war journalist, Bean served with the Australian Imperial Force at Gallipoli and in France for the duration of WW I as official correspondent. He was appointed official historian in 1919 and oversaw the writing of the 12-volume series Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 , of which he wrote six volumes himself. He was also the leading force behind the creation of the Australian War Memorial and in the establishment of the National Archives of Australia. His remains the major...

Heywood, Charles

Heywood, Charles (1839–1915)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...of the corps, raising officer standards, and redefining the marine mission. While continuing to fight for the traditional marine roles on board ship, Heywood oversaw the establishment of and transition to a new mission: the marines as a landing force to establish advanced bases for the fleet. This mission was first accomplished at the capture of Guantánamo during the Spanish-American War ( 1898...

Secretary of the Navy

Secretary of the Navy   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...of the Navy responsible to the President for the organization, personnel, maintenance, equipment, and operations of the U.S. Navy. The office of Secretary of the Navy was created on April 30, 1798 , concurrent with the establishment of a separate Department of the Navy and the transfer of responsibility for the Navy from the Secretary of War...

Soldiers' Home

Soldiers' Home   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Abraham Lincoln and his family as a summer home from 1862 to 1864 . Lincoln drafted the Emancipation Proclamation at the home. It has also been known as Anderson Cottage since 1884 , when it was named after Brevet Maj. Robert Anderson , a Civil War commander who advocated the establishment of a home for...

Quantico

Quantico   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...a town on the Potomac River in northeast Virginia, United States. It was established as a U.S. naval base during the Revolutionary War . It became the training center of the U.S. Marine Corps in 1917 and has been the location of the Marine Corps University since the school's formal establishment in 1989 . The Federal Bureau of Investigation has its academy in...

Wilmot Proviso

Wilmot Proviso   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Proviso an amendment presented on August 8, 1846 by Democratic congressman David Wilmot and supported by northern congressmen to prohibit the establishment of slavery in any territories gained in the Mexican War ( 1846–48 ). It passed in the House, where the North had a majority, but was defeated in the Senate and resulted in increased tensions between the national parties and between Northern and Southern...

Defense Intelligence Agency

Defense Intelligence Agency   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...defense, Robert S. McNamara , on the basis of the report by the Joint Study Group, which sought more effective ways of organizing U.S. intelligence activities. After World War II , each of the three military departments collected, produced, and dispersed intelligence, a system characterized by needlessly duplicated effort, and ineffective and expensive as well. Since its establishment, the DIA has filled a critical need for a central intelligence organization for the military and other...

Brodie, Bernard

Brodie, Bernard (1910–78)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Bernard ( 1910–78 ), political scientist and military historian. Brodie was the pre-eminent post-war US theorist of strategic deterrence , which he saw as the essence of nuclear strategy. Brodie's argument is summarized in a much-quoted extract from his book The Absolute Weapon: Atomic Power and World Order ( 1946 ): ‘Thus far the chief purpose of our military establishment has been to win wars. From now on its chief purpose must be to avert them. It can have almost no other useful purpose.’ His theory was elaborated in Strategy in the Missile...

March, Peyton Conway

March, Peyton Conway (1864–1955)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...troops to France toward the close of World War I , a massive reinforcement to the Allied cause that helped put an end to that conflict. The remainder of his tenure was devoted to overseeing the demobilization of the wartime force and the development of the postwar military establishment. Earlier in that conflict, as the top artillerist in the American Expeditionary Forces , March trained the artillery in France ( 1917–18 ). He had previously achieved distinction during combat in the Spanish-American War ( 1898 ) and the ensuing Filipino insurrection,...

Nursing Corps

Nursing Corps   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...traces its history to the second Continental Congress in 1775 . At the end of the Revolutionary War , nurses disappeared from military rolls until the Civil War when the Secretary of War appointed Dorothea Lynde Dix as Superintendent of Women Nurses in the Union Army in 1861 . In 1887 , Congress authorized the establishment of the Hospital Corps, comprised of enlisted men, but the Hospital Corps proved inadequate during the Spanish-American War ( 1898 ) when epidemics of typhoid and other tropical diseases swept through the armed forces. The...

View: