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war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

war establishment

war establishment   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... establishment the level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in...

war establishment

war establishment  

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.
National Military Establishment

National Military Establishment  

An organization created by the National Security Act of 1947, comprised of the heads of the armed forces departments, and responsible for coordinating and responding to defense issues after World ...
William Ward Burrows

William Ward Burrows  

(1758–1805) first commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps, born in Charleston, South Carolina. From its establishment by Congress (1798), Burrows recruited, trained and led the corps during his six-year ...
national security state

national security state  

A post–World War II state in which nearly all aspects of political, economic, intellectual, and social life are dominated by considerations of national defense and the drive to maintain a defense ...
Fort Lee

Fort Lee  

The first Women's Army Corps Training Center, established in Virginia in 1948. The establishment of Fort Lee closely followed the uniting of the women's armed services with the regular forces ...
Justice versus Peace

Justice versus Peace  

The relationship between peace and justice is an important topic of peace thought. The ancient Greek philosopher Plato, in The Republic, imagined the establishment of an ideal system in which ...
Occupation of Japan

Occupation of Japan  

(1945–52)The Allied occupation of Japan after World War II. After Japan's unconditional surrender on 2 September 1945, it came under the control of the Allied forces of occupation led by General ...
Tehran Conference

Tehran Conference  

(28 Nov. – 1 Dec. 1943)An inter‐Allied conference between Churchill, Roosevelt, and, for the first time, Stalin, in the Iranian capital of Tehran. Stalin's demand for a second front in France in the ...
Wilmot Proviso

Wilmot Proviso  

An amendment presented on August 8, 1846 by Democratic congressman David Wilmot and supported by northern congressmen to prohibit the establishment of slavery in any territories gained in the Mexican ...
War Department

War Department   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Department organization established by Congress in August 1789 to oversee all elements of the conduct of war. In an effort to unify various military agencies under civilian control, Congress passed the National Security Act in 1947 , which set up the National Military Establishment, changed the War Department to the Department of the Army, and legalized the Joint Chiefs of Staff (set up during World War II ). In 1949 , the National Military Establishment was renamed the Department of Defense...

national security state

national security state   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...security state a post– World War II state in which nearly all aspects of political, economic, intellectual, and social life are dominated by considerations of national defense and the drive to maintain a defense establishment capable of protecting the state against all...

Paris Peace Conference

Paris Peace Conference   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Peace Conference a meeting begun on January 18, 1919 , to address post– World War I peace issues. Among the controversial issues addressed at the conference were territory disputes, governance of colonies captured during the war, and reparations. It resulted in the Treaty of Versailles and ended with the formal establishment of the League of Nations on January 16, 1920...

National Military Establishment

National Military Establishment   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Military Establishment an organization created by the National Security Act of 1947 , comprised of the heads of the armed forces departments, and responsible for coordinating and responding to defense issues after World War II . The CIA and the National Security Council were created by the same...

Yalta Conference

Yalta Conference   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Conference a World War II peace conference held on February 4 –11, 1945 , at Yalta in the Crimea, between President Franklin D. Roosevelt , British Prime Minister Winston Churchill , and Soviet premier Josef Stalin . Issues they discussed included the occupation of Germany, the establishment of a government and borders in Poland, Soviet entry into the war against Japan, and voting procedures for the United Nations . In the aftermath of the war, the agreements reached by the leaders proved largely unsuccessful. It was held in Yalta because Stalin...

Bernard, Simon

Bernard, Simon   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Simon ( 1779–1839 ) military engineer, born in France. Once a maréchal de camp under Napoleon, he was recruited to the War Department to draft plans for a system of forts to defend the U.S. coastline from seaborne attacks. Bernard was the most prominent of several Napoleonic veterans who contributed to the reform of the American military establishment after the War of 1812 . His principal role was as chief architect of the system of seacoast fortifications that long remained a central component of U.S. defense...

Burrows, William Ward

Burrows, William Ward   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Ward ( 1758–1805 ) first commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps, born in Charleston, South Carolina. From its establishment by Congress ( 1798 ), Burrows recruited, trained and led the corps during his six-year tenure as commandant, laying the foundations of excellence and esprit de corps essential to military identity. Burrows was the only commandant to lead the marines in two major conflicts: the Quasi-War with France ( 1798 ) and the Barbary Wars ( 1801–05 , 1815 ) He established headquarters at Marine Barracks in the new capital and created the Marine...

Luce, Stephen Bleeker

Luce, Stephen Bleeker   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...officer, born in Albany, New York. Luce was a leader and catalyst for the development of professional education and training in the U.S. Navy, and responsible for the establishment of the Naval War College ( 1884 ). He lobbied for its existence, recruited its faculty, and served as its first president ( 1885–86 ). Luce was recalled to active duty in 1901 , returning to the staff of the Naval War College, where he remained until 1910...

”Peace Without Victory” speech

”Peace Without Victory” speech   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Without Victory” speech an address given by President Woodrow Wilson on January 22, 1917 . He proposed peace terms for ending the war and defined the traditional use of victory as being anathema to the establishment of peace among nations. After U.S. entry into World War I on April 16, 1917 , he proposed peace terms in the Fourteen Points address, which was based on this...

Bean, Charles Edwin Woodrow

Bean, Charles Edwin Woodrow (1879–1968)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Woodrow ( 1879–1968 ), Australian official historian. A pre-war journalist, Bean served with the Australian Imperial Force at Gallipoli and in France for the duration of WW I as official correspondent. He was appointed official historian in 1919 and oversaw the writing of the 12-volume series Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 , of which he wrote six volumes himself. He was also the leading force behind the creation of the Australian War Memorial and in the establishment of the National Archives of Australia. His remains the major...

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