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war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

Sir Martin Ryle

Sir Martin Ryle  

(1918–1984)British radio astronomer who carried out pioneering surveys of the radio sky in the 1950s and 1960s. Ryle was awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize for Physics (the first astronomer to be so ...
von Braun, Wernher Magnus Maximilian

von Braun, Wernher Magnus Maximilian (1912–1977)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.)

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...astronauts. Von Braun was born in Wirsitz (now in Poland) and studied in Berlin and Zürich. In 1930 he joined a group of scientists who were experimenting with rockets, and in 1938 became technical director of the Peenemünde military rocket establishment. He joined the Nazi Party in 1940 . In the last days of the war in 1945 , von Braun and his staff, not wishing to be captured in the Soviet-occupied part of Germany, travelled to the West to surrender to US forces. Soon afterwards von Braun began work at the US Army Ordnance Corps testing grounds at White...