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war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia   Reference library

Jeffrey Bond and Tony Morris

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
11,488 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the APS (see the section “ Sport Psychology Professional Bodies”). In many ways, this group of events created a significant platform for the ongoing development of Australian sport psychology. Establishment of the Australian Institute of Sport Australian sport psychology was effectively launched as a bona fide profession in conjunction with the establishment of the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) in 1981 ( Daly, 1991 ). The commencement of the “legitimacy” of the profession in the early 1980s was correlated with the co-location of the AIS Sport...

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe   Reference library

Stiliani “Ani” Chroni and Frank Abrahamsen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...via his early research on exercise psychology (see, e.g., Zervas et al., 1993 ; Zervas, Danis, & Klissouras, 1991 ; Zervas, 1990 ), the students he trained (among the many are Panteleimon Ekkekakis, Vassilios Kakkos, Maria Psychountaki, and Nektarios Stavrou), and the establishment of the Hellenic sport psychology society. It appears that sport psychology has strong traditions as well as strong research lines and programs, dating back to the early contributions of people like Cattell, Coubertin, Scripture, and Wundt. Notably, Reel ( 2015 ) argued that...

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Southern Africa

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Southern Africa   Reference library

Clinton Gahwiler, Lee Hill, and Valérie Grand’Maison

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
11,560 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to pioneering work in the field by Leapetswe Malete and Tshepang Tshube, who obtained their PhDs in sport psychology at Michigan State University. Leapetswe Malete is at Michigan State University and Tshepang Tshube at the University of Botswana. They have contributed to the establishment of both undergraduate and graduate programs in sport psychology ( Tshube & Hanrahan, 2016 ). As of 2018 , universities in Mauritius and Zimbabwe offer elective coursework modules at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels for psychology students, but not yet as professional...

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in North America

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in North America   Reference library

Vincent J. Granito

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...approaches, which have utilized a chronological methodology to document the field. Instead, it focuses on the key individuals, including their educational, research, and practice accomplishments, landmark publications, including the advancement of scholarly journals, and the establishment of professional organizations. The first section looks at professionals who did not necessarily organize the field but influenced those who would come later. Influential Individuals and Their Work: The Classics The earliest contributions to the field were made by individuals with...

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