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war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

Oman

Oman   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...although Magan is also said to relate to a ‘seafaring people’ or ‘shipbuilders’ in Sumerian; a magan is a type of ship’s hull. This latter meaning, however, may refer to Mazoun, another early name, and associated with water; perhaps an abundance of water inland allowing the establishment of farming communities. By 700 bc the name Magan had been replaced by Qade. The name Oman is also said to come from Uman in Yemen, from where some tribes migrated. The city of Omana is mentioned by Ptolemy...

Japan

Japan   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...during the 4th century under the rule of the House of Yamato. After nearly 700 years of shogunate rule (although under samurai control at times), Japan’s modern political era began in 1868 with the establishment of a reunified state under the rule of the Emperor Meiji ( 1868–1912 ), known as the Meiji Restoration. At the end of the Second World War in 1945 a defeated Japan was occupied by US military forces and effectively lost its sovereignty. This was regained in 1952 when the Treaty of San Francisco was...

Vietnam

Vietnam   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...protectorates of Tonkin (northern Vietnam) and Annam (central), and the colony of Cochinchina (southern), which the Vietnamese called Bac Bo, Trung Bo, and Nam Bo respectively. Vietnam as a state ceased to exist. In 1945 the Vietnamese declared their independence and the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV). French forces, however, returned and the following year the Republic was recognized as a Free State within the French Union; in 1949 it was entitled the Associated State of Vietnam while the Communist world continued to call it...

Sun

Sun (3469)   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
198 words

...), located in presentday Shanxi province in north-central China. Wen Wang, the virtuous duke whose magnanimous rule led to the establishment of the Zhou dynasty in 1122 bc , had an eighth son named Kang Shu, who was enfeoffed the state of Wei. The ruling line continued through Wu Gong, whose son Hui Sun became a high official of Wei; his descendants adopted the given name Sun as their surname. Sun Tzu was author of The Art of War , written during the Spring and Autumn period ( 770–476 bc ) and still much quoted today. Sun Yat-Sen ( 1866–1925 ) was the...

Pu

Pu   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
571 words

...ethnic group in N China during the Northern Wei dynasty ( ad 386–534). 5 Chinese : Mandarin form of the Chinese surname 浦 ‎ ( Po in Cantonese romanization): said to be borne by some descendants of Jiang Tai Gong ( c. 11th century), who made great contributions to the establishment of the Western Zhou dynasty (1046–771 bc ). 6 Chinese : Mandarin form of the Chinese surname 濮 ‎ ( Puk or Pok in Cantonese romanization): (i) from the place-name Pu ( 濮 ‎), name of a fief (located in Henan province) that was originally granted to an official in the state...

Su

Su   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
531 words

...moved to Hebei province) during the Xia dynasty (2070–1600 bc ) and the Shang dynasty (1600–1046 bc ). During the Western Zhou dynasty (1046–771 bc ), the state of Su ( 蘇 ‎) was granted to Su Fen Sheng ( 蘇忿生 ‎), a revered official who made great contributions to the establishment of the Western Zhou dynasty. After the state was annexed by minority ethnic groups in N China during the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 bc ), the name of the state was adopted as a surname. (ii) adopted as a surname by the Ba Lue family from the Xianbei ethnic group in N...

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