You are looking at 1-20 of 128 entries  for:

  • All: war establishment x
clear all

View:

Overview

war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

Pericles

Pericles   Reference library

Sonia Massai and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,543 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...virgin and no prostitute: he leaves promising to help. The Bawd, outraged by Marina’s behaviour, orders Boult to deflower her, but she persuades him she will be more profitably employed in respectable activities such as sewing, weaving, and dancing. 20 Gower narrates Marina’s establishment as a singer and embroiderer, and the arrival of Pericles’ ship at Mytilene. 21 Lysimachus enquires after Pericles’ distemper and suggests that Marina might be able to cure him. Marina is sent for and sings to the silent Pericles. He initially pushes her away, but his interest...

Harley Granville-Barker

Harley Granville-Barker  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1877–1946)British actor, producer, playwright, and critic.Born in London, Granville-Barker began his career in Harrogate and in 1891 joined Sarah Thorne's repertory company in Margate. He made his ...
Stage Door Canteen

Stage Door Canteen   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
119 words

...World War II to entertain soldiers free of charge. It was founded by the American Theatre Wing and the USO (United Service Organization). The first and principal one was established in the basement of the 44th Street Theatre. Broadway performers and others passing through New York offered their services gratis, not merely entertaining but often serving as waiters and dishwashers. Irving Berlin saluted it in his all‐soldier show, This Is the Army ( 1942 ), with the song “I Left My Heart at the Stage Door Canteen.” Similar, smaller establishments were...

Whittaker, Herbert

Whittaker, Herbert   Reference library

Denis Johnston

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
103 words

...Trained in design, he began reviewing for the Gazette in his native Montréal , and from 1949 to 1975 was lead critic at Toronto 's Globe and Mail , ‘Canada's national newspaper’. Whittaker's encouragement of new professional ventures was vital to the establishment and growth of Canada's post-war theatre. He also continued as a theatre practitioner: in 1951 he was named best director at the Dominion Drama Festival, and in 1961 designed a celebrated ‘Eskimo’ King Lear for the touring Canadian Players. Critical collections and memoirs by Whittaker...

Cabaret

Cabaret   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
139 words

...however, it began in 1881 with the establishment of Le Chat Noir in Paris, where artists, poets, and musicians presented their work. Its many imitators toured widely and were influential on the Continent, particularly in Germany and Russia, where in 1908 Balieff produced The Bat, later to become famous in Paris as Le Chauve-Souris. In Germany cabaret developed a political content after the First World War, especially in Berlin, reaching a peak in the 1930s and being banned by the Nazis in 1935 . No post-war cabaret has achieved comparable political...

Basic Training of Pavlo Hummel, The

Basic Training of Pavlo Hummel, The (1971)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
200 words

...he is undeterred. His sergeant, Tower ( Joe Fields ), represents the military establishment, which turns him into a benumbed orderly, while Ardell ( Albert Hall ), acting as an involved Greek chorus, comforts him and explains the often‐baffling world to him. At the end of the play his coffin sits alone on the stage. Hailed by Clive Barnes of the Times as introducing “a new and authentic voice to our theatre,” the Joe Papp production was the first in Rabe's trilogy on the war, the other plays being Sticks and Bones and Streamers . It employed the...

Okhlopkov, Nikolai

Okhlopkov, Nikolai   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
181 words

...acquired the leadership of the Realistic Theatre in 1932 where he sought to implement his idea of a communal theatre. Reconfiguring actor– *audience relationships so as to encourage emotional involvement, Okhlopkov staged plays on revolutionary and Civil War themes. Ironically the establishment rewarded him by merging his theatre with *Tairov 's—the theatrical equivalent of chalk with cheese. Following film appearances, which included *Eisenstein 's Aleksandr Nevsky , Okhlopkov's career resumed its course when he took over the Mayakovsky Theatre,...

Rolland, Romain

Rolland, Romain   Reference library

C. Henrik Borgstrom

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
168 words

...Romain ( 1866–1944 ) French novelist, essayist, and playwright, considered one of the most influential populist intellectuals in France between the two wars. In an age of fervent nationalism, Rolland placed his faith in pacifism and communism, and railed against the elitism of the artistic establishment. With his 1903 essay Le Théâtre du peuple ( Theatre of the People ), he emerged as one of the first vocal proponents of the ‘théâtre populaire’. His major work for the stage was the monumental Théâtre de la Révolution , comprising eight separate...

Berkoff, Steven

Berkoff, Steven   Reference library

R. Valerie Lucas

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
260 words

... ( 1980 ), savage critiques of the class system in Decadence ( 1981 ) and of the Falklands War in the Sink the Belgrano ( 1987 ), and the lyrical The Secret Love Life of Ophelia ( 2001 ). A theatrical iconoclast, Berkoff remains critical of the British theatrical establishment, despite directing Salome ( 1988 ) and The Trial ( 1991 ) at the Royal National Theatre . Stints as Hollywood villains and (ironically) as Hitler in the television epic War and Remembrance ( 1986 ) bankrolled his own theatre productions, enabling him to retain artistic...

Littlewood, Joan

Littlewood, Joan   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
183 words

...Joan ( 1914–2002 ) With Theatre of Action, Theatre Union, and finally *Theatre Workshop (London, from 1953 ), Littlewood became famous for her anti-establishment, risk-taking, collaborative theatre. Her developmental approach, called ‘work-shopping’, was applied to the classics and living authors alike. Some distressed dramatists found their plays work-shopped beyond recognition, but the scripts of *Behan and *Delaney , among others, were successfully produced by this method. Littlewood was always opposed to the *bourgeois theatre of ...

Browne, Maurice

Browne, Maurice (1881–1955)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
189 words

...where he is credited with having founded the Little Theatre movement ( see AMATEUR THEATRE ) by the establishment in 1912 of the Chicago Little Theatre, which he directed for several years. In 1920 he was directing on Broadway, and in 1927 he made his first appearance in London, as Adolf in Strindberg 's The Creditors . In 1929 he took over the management of the Savoy Theatre and presented there with remarkable success R. C. Sherriff 's war play Journey's End , himself playing Lieutenant Raleigh. In the following year he produced Othello ...

Liebler, Theodore

Liebler, Theodore (1852–1941)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
209 words

...Theodore ( 1852–1941 ), producer . Born in New York, shortly after his father was forced to flee Germany for partaking in an insurrection, he began working as a commercial artist, and before long he had a modestly successful lithograph firm in Park Place. When his establishment was destroyed by fire, George Tyler persuaded him to join forces to produce The Royal Box ( 1897 ). The play was a success, inaugurating the long career of Liebler and Company. Among its memorable productions were The Christian ( 1898 ), The Children of the Ghetto (...

Biramangol, Mayanglambam

Biramangol, Mayanglambam (1908–79)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
360 words

...1908–79 ): founder-member of *Aryan Theatre , Manipur. He was a unique product of the dichotomy between Sanskritic acculturation and the indigenous Meitei religion, and also a sympathizer of the Communist Party after World War II. The leading figure in post-War *Manipuri theatre , he spent all his earnings from contract work during the War in the cause of theatre, without financial returns to his family. He wrote more than thirty plays after studying ancient Manipuri texts, and developed the issue of the contention or struggle between Hinduism and Meitei...

Stage Society

Stage Society   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
429 words

...many of them first performances of American and foreign plays in England. During the First World War it experimented with the revival of classic plays (in the absence of suitable modern material) and so aroused an interest in Jacobean and Restoration plays which was to lead to the establishment of the Phoenix Society and be a marked feature of the 1920s. In 1926 in face of rising costs and a declining membership, which had reached its peak just before the war, the society merged with Phyllis Whitworth's Three Hundred Club, whose productions since its...

Littlewood, Joan

Littlewood, Joan   Reference library

Elizabeth Schafer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
278 words

...worked in agitprop theatre in Manchester with Jimmie Miller (later known as Ewan MacColl ). With Theatre of Action, Theatre Union, and finally Theatre Workshop (based at the Theatre Royal, Stratford East, London , from 1953 ), Littlewood became famous for her anti-establishment, risk-taking, collaborative theatre. Her developmental approach, called ‘workshopping’, was applied to the classics and living authors alike. Some distressed dramatists found their plays workshopped beyond recognition, but the scripts of Brendan Behan and Shelagh Delaney ,...

sarswela

sarswela   Reference library

Nicanor Tiongson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
274 words

...issues, such as gambling, drinking, marital infidelity, social climbing, the colonial mentality, and usury. Conflicts built on such issues were developed through tortuous plots , that invariably came to a ‘correct’ ending—a conclusion that reaffirmed the morality of the establishment, which preaches that gamblers, drunkards, philanderers, social climbers, and usurers should mend their ways. Predictably the conflict between rich and poor was resolved with the marriage of the landlord's son to the peasant's daughter. Through such endings the sarswela ...

Coward, Noël

Coward, Noël   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
309 words

...rakishly heterosexual on stage, other meanings could be derived from coded references to homosexuality in his work. Coward cemented his reputation during the war with three successful plays, morale-boosting appearances for the troops, a stirring performance in his own propaganda film In Which We Serve ( 1942 ), and several songs of a patriotic or lightly satirical nature. He emerged a very establishment figure— Relative Values ( 1951 ) and South Sea Bubble ( 1956 ) had little of their author's earlier edge—but had already forged a new career as a ...

Albee, Edward

Albee, Edward   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
405 words

...lazy to understand his play. For the next three decades, in spite of two Pulitzer Prizes ( A Delicate Balance , 1967 ; Seascape , 1975 ), Albee seemed to alienate his audience by writing remonstrative and untheatrical dramas. Play after play was rejected by the commercial establishment, and after the debacle of The Man Who Had Three Arms ( 1983 ) Albee gave up on New York, though he continued working in Vienna, London, and in American *regional theatres . Three Tall Women 's ecstatic critical reception in 1994 re-established his Broadway reputation. A...

Okhlopkov, Nikolai

Okhlopkov, Nikolai   Reference library

Nick Worrall

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
267 words

...involvement, whilst retaining overtly theatrical means and effects, Okhlopkov staged imaginatively visceral productions of plays on revolutionary and Civil War themes. He also staged an idealized version of Soviet prison camp life as moral reclamation therapy, which stretched the bounds of experimental staging (not to say credulity) to breaking point. Ironically the theatrical establishment rewarded him by closing his theatre and merging it with Tairov 's—the theatrical equivalent of chalk with cheese. Following film appearances, which included one...

National Theatre

National Theatre   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
411 words

...Theatre , London (officially renamed the Royal National Theatre of Great Britain on its Silver Jubilee in 1988 ). The establishment of a permanent state-subsidized theatre in London, on the lines of the Comédie-Française , was first suggested by David Garrick in the 18th century, and in the 19th century both Irving and Bulwer-Lytton were enthusiastic supporters of the idea. It was not until 1908 , however, that a committee was set up to investigate the possibility of opening such a theatre in 1916 to celebrate the tercentenary of Shakespeare's...

View: