You are looking at 1-20 of 227 entries  for:

  • All: war establishment x
clear all

View:

Overview

war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

Frank Bridge

Frank Bridge  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Brighton, 1879; d Eastbourne, 1941).Eng. composer, conductor, violinist, violist, and teacher. Played vn. and va. in several str. qts., incl. Joachim, Grimson, and English. Was a member of the ...
Maurice Ravel

Maurice Ravel  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(1875–1937)French composer, who was influenced by Debussy and whose richly orchestrated music and chamber music form part of the modern repertoire.Ravel studied at the Paris Conservatoire ...
Lechmere

Lechmere  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music, Opera
(Britten: Owen Wingrave). Ten. A young student with Owen at Coyle's cramming establishment. He can't wait to go to war and fight. Created (1971 TV/1973) by Nigel Douglas.
Israel

Israel  

After half a century of war and hostility, peace with the Palestinians seems as remote as everIsrael can be considered to have four main geographical regions. To the north is a hilly region that ...
Sicily

Sicily  

A large triangular island in the Mediterranean Sea, separated from the ‘toe’ of Italy by the narrow Strait of Messina. It forms, with the neighbouring islands of Lipari, Egadi, Ustica, and ...
Rome

Rome  

According to tradition the ancient city was founded by Romulus (after whom it is named) in 753 bc on the Palatine Hill; as it grew it spread to the other six hills of Rome (Aventine, Caelian, ...
sound archives

sound archives   Reference library

Lewis Foreman

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
233 words

...Museum in Budapest. Various collections were established between the wars, including those formed by radio stations. That of the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, was founded with a trickle of gifts from the Victor Company in the 1920s and expanded as a consequence of the American Folk Song project, which resulted in the establishment of a modern recording laboratory in 1940 . The idea of a sound archive did not gain much currency until after World War II with the establishment of national collections. In the UK the British Institute of Recorded Sound...

avant-garde

avant-garde   Reference library

Charles Wilson

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
236 words

...in the 20th century, remained hopeful of the ultimate acceptance and wider adoption of their innovations—even though such recognition would, paradoxically, entail the reintegration of the avant-garde into the dominant artistic establishment. Such was widely perceived as the fate of the European avant-garde after World War II, its composers (including Boulez and Stockhausen ) rapidly absorbed into the institutions of the radio station and international music festival, and its techniques (such as serialism and open form) acquiring the status of new...

Mirecourt

Mirecourt   Reference library

Allison A. Alcorn

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
355 words

...including also tuning pegs and tailpieces, etc. By 1925 18 workshops and four factories employing some 680 workers were producing more than 80,000 instruments and innumerable accessories annually. In the wake of World War II, the industry declined, with factories closing well into the 1960s, but was revived following establishment in 1970 of the École nationale de lutherie Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume under direction of Etienne Vatelot, the main training centre for bowed and plucked instrument makers in France. The private École internationale de lutherie...

Schlimbach

Schlimbach   Reference library

Theodor Wohnhaas

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
338 words

...took over Seuffert’s abandoned workshop and set up business under his own name. Balthasar, his son Martin Josef (1841–1914), and his grandson Alfred (1875–1952) developed the firm into the leading organ-building establishment of eastern Franconia and built about 260 new organs. This firm, the oldest in eastern Franconia, ceased to exist during World War I. Bibliography G.C.F. Schlimbach : Ueber die Structur, Erhaltung, Stimmung und Prüfung der Orgel, nebst einer Disposition derselben (Leipzig, 1801, 3/1843/ R ) O. Kaul : ‘Von der Kunst des...

Hoshino Gakki

Hoshino Gakki   Reference library

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
358 words

...1980s guitar manufacture was more widely outsourced, to Korea, then to China and Indonesia. An office was opened in Frankfurt, Germany, in 1999, followed in 2002 by a dealership in Korea, acquisition of Serlui b.v (later named Hoshino Benelux b.v.) in the Netherlands, and establishment of Guangzhou Hoshino Gakki for manufacture of percussion instruments and accessories. A branch was opened in Qingdao, China, in 2005, and one in Guangzhou in 2008. Guitar development continued at a centre in Owariasahi City, Aichi, from 2007. Under chairman Yoshihiro Hoshino,...

Jackson-Guldan

Jackson-Guldan   Reference library

Arian Sheets

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
391 words

...Institute of Allied Arts, South Bend, Indiana, or with the paper label of Slingerland’s Correspondence School of Music, Chicago, the predecessor to the Slingerland Drum Company, inside the body. The establishment of this line of work was related to the end of imports of mass-produced violins from Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, and Japan due to World War I. By the time foreign suppliers resumed exports to the USA, Jackson-Guldan was sufficiently established to compete with these larger-volume producers. Nevertheless, in the 1930s the company also...

Zither, fretted

Zither, fretted   Reference library

David J. Kyger

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
603 words

...Bros. & Reinhard, New York City; Lyon & Healy, Chicago; and Wm. Teubner, Baltimore. In 1911 A.W. Schepp wrote to several colleagues and proposed the establishment of a national association of zither players. His idea took hold and in September 1912 the first congress of the American Zither Verband (AZV) was held in Washington, Missouri. But in 1915 the AZV ceased its activities due to the outbreak of World War I and rising anti-German sentiment. Production at the Schwarzer factory, which had peaked in 1893, declined dramatically. The American Zither Verband ...

Romania

Romania   Reference library

Miron Grindea and Jim Samson

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
990 words

...), Mihail Andricu ( 1894 or 1985–1974 ), Ion Nonna Otescu ( 1888–1940 ), and Dimitrie Cuclin ( 1885–1978 ). The folkloristic synthesis which Enescu achieved and bequeathed was encouraged by official cultural policy in the years following the establishment of a socialist political system after World War II, at which point Romania saw a massive restructuring of its musical life, with the formation of a composers' union ( 1920 ), state philharmonic societies, opera houses, and academies. Yet in the 1960s a new generation of composers, inspired by developments...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Reference library

Adrienne Simpson

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
795 words

...Zealand ( 1979–83 ), professional opera developed on a regional rather than a national basis: Canterbury Opera was founded in 1985 and New Zealand Opera in 2000 (by merging the Wellington and Auckland companies). New concert halls, a proliferation of festivals, and the establishment of such specialist collections as the Alexander Turnbull Library's Archive of New Zealand Music ( 1974 ), testify to the vitality of musical life. A significant number of New Zealand composers has appeared. They acknowledge a debt to Douglas Lilburn ; European-trained, he returned...

England

England   Reference library

John Caldwell

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
6,206 words

...with the exception of Frederick Delius , whose operas and other major works had been performed in Germany before World War I. Between the wars, the influence of French-style neo-classicism and of jazz permeated the youthful work of Constant Lambert , Arthur Bliss , and William Walton . Operatic maturity came to England with Benjamin Britten's Peter Grimes , produced in London in 1945 shortly after the end of the war. It was the beginning of a second wave of regeneration in English music, which drew much of its inspiration but little of its...

ethnomusicology

ethnomusicology   Reference library

Carole Pegg

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
2,123 words

...since the latter tended to consider ‘familiar’ sounds as ‘natural’. Moreover, Ellis's system of pitch measurement, which divided the Western tempered semitone into 100 cents, made possible a less ethnocentric analysis of scales and modes. In the post-World War II modernist era, the establishment of ethnomusicology as an independent discipline led to the creation of a lineal history in which the discipline grew from two ‘schools’: the German school of comparative musicology and the American school of musicological and anthropological methods. Theodore...

conservatories

conservatories   Reference library

Percy Scholes, Judith Nagley, and Piers Spencer

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
1,425 words

...immense number of conservatories, some independent and others attached to universities and colleges. They first appeared in the 1860s (Oberlin, Ohio, 1865 ; Peabody Conservatory, Baltimore, 1866 ; New England Conservatory, Boston, 1867 ), but the early 20th century saw the establishment of the greatest numbers (Juilliard School of Music, New York, 1905 ; Eastman School of Music, Rochester, 1921 ; Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia, 1924 ). The close association between American conservatories and university departments allows generous provision for...

Italy

Italy   Reference library

Denis Arnold and Kenneth Chalmers

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
3,446 words

...verismo, was short-lived, and by World War I was already excoriated by the younger generation of Italian musicologists who were laying the foundations for research into Italy's forgotten past. 6. Since 1914 World War I punctured the self-confidence of what became known as ‘Italietta’—the apparently prosperous Italy of the first decade of the century. A certain dissatisfaction with Italian society and its institutions found expression in a variety of musical manifestations, from Futurist experiments to the establishment of Alfredo Casella's Società Italiana...

Hook & Hastings

Hook & Hastings   Reference library

Barbara Owen

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
835 words

...built their first four-manual organ in 1853 for its successor, and in the following year they built a large new steam-powered factory. By the 1850s the firm had become the leading organ-building establishment in Boston and was producing an average of 15 to 20 organs a year in this period, largely for locations in the northeastern USA. Following the Civil War, Hook’s production gradually increased to 30 to 40 organs annually, with a clientele now reaching into the Midwest and beyond, including a large three-manual organ for St Ignatius’s Church in San...

View: