You are looking at 1-15 of 15 entries  for:

  • All: war establishment x
  • Media studies x
clear all

View:

Overview

war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

Israel

Israel  

After half a century of war and hostility, peace with the Palestinians seems as remote as everIsrael can be considered to have four main geographical regions. To the north is a hilly region that ...
Sicily

Sicily  

A large triangular island in the Mediterranean Sea, separated from the ‘toe’ of Italy by the narrow Strait of Messina. It forms, with the neighbouring islands of Lipari, Egadi, Ustica, and ...
Rome

Rome  

According to tradition the ancient city was founded by Romulus (after whom it is named) in 753 bc on the Palatine Hill; as it grew it spread to the other six hills of Rome (Aventine, Caelian, ...
Royal Commissions on the Press

Royal Commissions on the Press   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
248 words

...the concept of the self-regulation of newspapers and magazines rather than introducing broadcast-style statutory regulation . The first commission was established by the post-war Attlee administration following lobbying by the National Union of Journalists , amid concern at the power of the press barons and increasing concentration of ownership . It led to the establishment of both the General Council of the Press and the National Council for the Training of Journalists . The second commission resulted in the General Council of the Press changing...

Times

Times   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
393 words

...backing. The Times gradually became more independent in outlook and it invested heavily in reporting from overseas, including coverage of the Crimean War by pioneering war correspondent William Howard Russell ( 1820–1907 ). The Times earned the nickname ‘The Thunderer’ for its reputed ability to make the powerful quake on occasions, although when it spoke it was as part of the Establishment within the bourgeois public sphere rather than as a voice of opposition ( compare radical press ); indeed, it once promoted itself as the paper for ‘top...

Denmark, film in

Denmark, film in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
678 words

...attendances reaching a peak this was a successful period for the Danish film industry. The 1960s saw a new wave of films by young directors, heralded by Palle Kjærulff-Schmidt 's Weekend ( 1962 ), as well as further attempts to revitalize a national cinema with the establishment of the Danish Government Film Foundation in 1965 and the opening in the following year of a national film school. The ensuing increase in domestic production was aided by the abolition in 1969 of adult censorship (and a consequent surge in sex comedies and pornography )...

Canada, film in

Canada, film in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
666 words

...products commissioned by the Bioscope Company of Canada. The success of the first Canadian feature film, Evangeline ( William Cavanaugh and Edward P. Sullivan , 1913 ) led to the establishment of film companies in a number of cities and the production of a small number of comedy , adventure, and war films . Canada's nascent film industry developed further during World War I, with a dedicated Canadian newsreel and, in 1917 , the construction of a film studio in Trenton, Ontario. During this time producer, writer, actress Nell Shipman had success with ...

Czech Republic, film in the

Czech Republic, film in the   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
581 words

... ( 1929 ) and its sequel of sorts, Extase/Ecstasy ( 1933 ), attracted critical acclaim and an international audience. Unlike neighbouring Poland and Hungary , whose film industries were destroyed during World War II, Czechoslovakia benefited from German investment, with over a hundred films produced under occupation; and the establishment of the FAMU film school in Prague in 1947 ensured a strong foundation for the subsequent nationalization of the industry. Communist rule from 1948 brought state investment and subsidy of the film industry, along...

Japan, film in

Japan, film in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
659 words

...acceptable. Sex films, known as pinku eiga , trod an increasingly fine line between pornography and art cinema , as in Nagisa Oshima’s censor-baiting Ai no corrida/In the Realm of the Senses ( 1976 ). Oshima had been among a generation of directors leading a 1960s anti-establishment new wave of socially-concerned films which developed innovations in film narration, often producing a ‘quality’ take on commercial genres. By the 1970s, however, with a decline in both ‘quality’ film production and cinema audiences, Japan’s commercial and auteur cinemas...

Bulgaria, film in

Bulgaria, film in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
848 words

... Pesen za choveka/Song of Man ( Borislav Sharaliev , 1954 ) and Na malkiya ostrov / On A Small Island ( Rangel Vulchanov , 1958 ), the latter an international hit. The films of Vulchanov—perhaps Bulgaria's most influential director—are celebrated as representative of the establishment of a distinctive ‘poetic cinema’. Kapitanat / The Captain ( Dimiter Petrov , 1963 ), Kradetzat na praskovi/The Peach Thief ( Vulo Radev , 1964 ), and Ikonostasat / Iconostasis ( Todor Dinov and Hristo Hristov , 1969 ), are considered important films of the 1960s,...

France, film in

France, film in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
928 words

...events of May 1968 there arose a militant countercinema , exemplified in particular in works by Godard (such as Le gai savoir/The Joy of Learning , 1968) and Costa‐Gavras ( Z , 1968), in parallel with radical developments in film theory that were to prove formative in the establishment of Anglo‐American film studies ( see film studies ; ideological criticism ; psychoanalytic film theory ). Recent developments in French cinema include the cinéma du look , with its spectacular visual style, postmodern intertextuality , and appeal to fantasy : works such...

Hong Kong, film in

Hong Kong, film in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
920 words

...the focus of a number of in‐depth auteurist readings; and Hong Kong variants of the martial arts film and the action movie are seen as having considerable impact worldwide. The hyperkinetic style associated with filmmakers such as John Woo is also said to have influenced the establishment of intensified continuity as a dominant editing style . See also asian epic cinema ; Taiwan, film in . Further Reading: Bordwell, David Planet Hong Kong: Popular Cinema and the Art of Entertainment (2000). Cheung, Esther M.K. and Zhu, Yaowei Between Home and...

Mexico, film in

Mexico, film in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
764 words

...on to produce a distinguished body of work during the golden age of the 1940s, when successes like Fernández's Enamorada/Woman in Love ( 1946 ) conferred international credibility on Mexican cinema. The 1930s and 1940s also saw the growth of a local star system and the establishment of popular film genres. The comedia ranchera , for example, with its singing cowboys, offered a distinctively Mexican take on the western , as in Allá en el Rancho Grande/Over on the Rancho Grande ( Fernando des Fuentes , 1936 ). The Mexican film melodrama 's unique blend...

Palestine, film in

Palestine, film in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
730 words

...filmmakers to receive international critical acclaim. Khleifi's contemporary, Rashid Mashrawi , grew up in a refugee camp in the Gaza Strip, and worked in the Israeli film industry, where he made a number of shorts films and the feature film Curfew ( 1993 ). After the establishment of the Palestinian Authority, Mashrawi moved to Ramallah, where he set up the Cinema Production and Distribution Centre with the aim of promoting local film productions, and directed the feature film, Haifa ( 1996 ), a Palestine-Netherlands co-production. Several important...

western

western   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
822 words

... ( John Ford , 1939 ), in its balancing of the epic and the moral, was a pivotal film of the genre. Close readings of westerns that treated the films as myth and explored formal and stylistic elements such as iconography and narrative structure were important in the establishment of film studies, during the 1960s, as a discipline in its own right, and were part of significant early developments in film theory such as structuralism and semiotics . The western continues to inspire scholarly studies of the work of prominent directors, from John Ford...

View: