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war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

Arizona

Arizona  

The establishment of economic and political control by the United States in the Southwest during the nineteenth century shaped the history of Latinos and Latinas in Arizona. After the United ...
Chicanos

Chicanos  

Originally the descendants of Mexicans living in the area of the USA occupied in the Mexican–American War of 1846–8. In the 1950s the name was gradually adopted by Mexican Americans, who as the ...
Northern Ireland Labour Party

Northern Ireland Labour Party  

(NILP).Founded in 1924, as a socialist alternative to the largely sectarian politics of Ulster. It strove to remain neutral on the partition question, but in 1949—after the declaration of an Irish ...
Lord Orford Robert Walpole

Lord Orford Robert Walpole  

(1676–1745).Traditionally known as Britain's first prime minister. From a Norfolk gentry family, Walpole was the Whig MP for Castle Rising (1701–2) and King's Lynn (1702–12, 1713–42). His first posts ...
nursing

nursing  

Did not develop as an organized profession until the mid-19th cent., despite the establishment of voluntary hospitals in the 18th. Until then, caring for the sick had been undertaken mainly ...
dissent

dissent  

(nonconformity). Though dissenting sects could trace some of their doctrines to well before the Reformation, for example to the lollards, pre‐Reformation heterodoxy is usually termed schism or ...
Cornwall

Cornwall  

The oldest of English duchies (from 1337, though first a Norman earldom c.1140) has dimensions other than its peninsularity: the south‐flowing Tamar forms the county boundary with Devon. As the ...
George III

George III  

King of Great Britain and Ireland, b. 24 May 1738, s. of Frederick, prince of Wales, and Augusta; acc. 25 Oct. 1760; m. Charlotte, da. of Karl Ludwig, duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 8 Sept. 1761; ...
Restoration

Restoration  

(1660)The re-establishment in England and Scotland of the Stuart monarchy by placing Charles II, the exiled son of Charles I, on the throne. The Restoration was accompanied by the revival of the ...
Canadian Movement

Canadian Movement   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
145 words

...small in numbers, the adherents were young, educated, vigorous, and generally well connected. Their ambition to influence events was not unreasonable in a Canada that was governed by a tiny political and bureaucratic establishment. Their signal achievement was the establishment in 1932 of the government-owned Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (later the CBC ). David J....

O'Flanagan, Fr. Michael

O'Flanagan, Fr. Michael (1876–1942)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
82 words

...( 1876–1942 ), nationalist priest. Initially a supporter of Count Plunkett ( see liberty league ), he became vice‐chairman of the second Sinn Féin but was relegated to the sidelines after the establishment of the Dáil , at whose first meeting he read prayers. He was one of those known to be unhappy with the drift towards violence during 1919 ( see anglo‐irish war ). His attempt in December 1920 to initiate peace talks with the British government was repudiated by the Sinn Féin...

Balfour declaration

Balfour declaration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
94 words

...declaration Partly with a view to securing the support of world Jewry for the allied war effort, Lloyd George 's government authorized Foreign Secretary A. J. Balfour to send a letter ( 2 November 1917 ) to Lord Rothschild (lay leader of Anglo‐Jewry) pledging the support of the British government for the establishment in Palestine of a ‘National Home’ for the Jewish people, but safeguarding the rights of Palestine's non‐Jewish inhabitants. Growing Arab resentment and violence led to the abrogation of the declaration by Neville Chamberlain 's...

Paterson, William

Paterson, William   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
132 words

... Bank of England . Paterson was born in Dumfries but brought up in England. He made a rapid fortune in trade in America and the Low Countries. A supporter of the Glorious Revolution, he was engaged during the Nine Years War in government finance and pressed upon the government the establishment of a national bank to help finance the war. In 1694 when the bank was founded, Paterson became a director. He was one of the leading protagonists of the Darien venture and worked for the Company of Scotland raising investment. He was lucky to survive the first...

yeomanry

yeomanry   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
157 words

...throughout the country. The force also became even more exclusively Protestant. After 1822 yeomanry ceased to be used for policing duties. A brief reactivation in 1831–4 merely confirmed their unsuitability, and later calls for the establishment of a similar volunteer force were resisted, at least up to the establishment of Northern Ireland ( see ulster special constabulary...

Offences against the State Act

Offences against the State Act (1939)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
109 words

... bombing campaign in Great Britain . The act gave a new definition of unlawful associations and provided for the establishment of a special court to try both specific types of cases and any others referred to it by the government. Clauses permitting internment without trial were declared unconstitutional, but were successfully reintroduced in an amending act ( 1940 ). The act was used extensively against the IRA during the Second World War , during the border campaign , and, from 1972 , in response to the Northern Ireland conflict...

revolt of the towns

revolt of the towns   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
105 words

...of the towns , or the recusancy revolt, a term used to refer to the re‐establishment of Catholic worship in Kilkenny and the main towns of Munster between 11 April and 10 May 1603 . In Cork this amounted to an armed revolt against George Carew 's provincial presidency . Mountjoy marched south with 5,000 men and forced the towns to submit, but refrained from retaliation. Although there were economic and political grievances incident on the Nine Years War , the ‘revolt’ is generally regarded as an exasperated outburst of religious fervour born of a...

ranch war

ranch war (1906–9)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
168 words

...the Nationalist party and even the UIL, while condemning graziers as a major cause of rural poverty and depopulation, were unwilling to support effective action against a powerful rural interest whose members were in many cases pillars of the local nationalist establishment. In this sense the ranch war illustrated both the failure of the Land Acts to fulfil the aspirations of the landless and land poor, especially in the west, and the limits of the agrarian radicalism professed by nationalist...

Veterans Charter

Veterans Charter   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
398 words

...Second World War. Remembering the bitter and divisive aftermath of the Great War, the government of Mackenzie King began planning early for post-war re-establishment. A cabinet committee on demobilization and rehabilitation was formed in December 1939 and pc 7633, the ‘Post-Discharge Re-establishment Order’, was issued on 1 October 1941 . Whereas only disabled veterans and those who had enlisted as minors had been eligible for rehabilitation benefits after the earlier war, pc 7633 promised assistance to all who served in the new war. It also...

Stimson, Henry

Stimson, Henry   Reference library

Mark A. Stoler

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
347 words

...Civil War in 1927 , and the following year was appointed governor-general of the Philippines . From 1929 to 1933 , Stimson served as secretary of state under President Herbert Hoover . He enunciated the Stimson Doctrine of nonrecognition of the 1931–1932 Japanese conquest of Manchuria and establishment of the puppet state of Manchukuo. (He personally desired economic sanctions against Japan, but was pressured by President Hoover to settle for nonrecognition instead.) His strong internationalism led to his appointment as secretary of war in June...

veterans, First World War

veterans, First World War   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
439 words

...mhc and its heir, the Department of Soldiers' Civil Re-Establishment, pioneered vocational training and placement though, like most pioneers, hopes exceeded success. In 1916 , with ideas developed by Dr J. L. Todd of McGill from French and British experience, a new Board of Pension Commissioners tried to remove pensions from political influence and compensate the disabled on principles derived from workers' compensation systems—the percentage loss of function for an unskilled labourer. Re-establishment benefits provided a cash gratuity based on months of...

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