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war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

Jens Harald Quistgaard

Jens Harald Quistgaard  

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(1919–2008)Quistgaard was apprenticed at the Georg Jensen Solvsmedie in Copenhagen, becoming a freelance designer after the Second World War. He worked in a variety of media including wood, metal, ...
Rosenthal Porzellan

Rosenthal Porzellan  

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(established 1879)Philipp Rosenthal founded this highly successful German porcelain manufacturing company at Erkersreuth in 1879. In its early years the business thrived on decorating blanks bought ...
Electrolux

Electrolux  

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(established 1921)The origins of the largest manufacturer of domestic appliances in the world date from 1919 with the merger of Lux and Elektromekanista in Sweden. Important early company products ...
Emilio Pucci

Emilio Pucci  

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(1914–92)A leading figure in Italian fashion in the 1950s and 1960s, Pucci studied for a year at the University of Milan. In 1935 he travelled to the United States where he also studied, returning to ...
Nippon Design Centre

Nippon Design Centre  

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(established 1960)Later becoming one of the largest design production companies in Japan, the Nippon Design Centre was founded in Tokyo through a collaboration of eight investor companies including ...
Salon des Arts Ménagers

Salon des Arts Ménagers  

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(established 1923)This institution, which sought to provide the French with information about all aspects of domestic management, furnishing, and decoration, began life in 1923 as the ‘Salon des ...
BRIO

BRIO  

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(established 1884)The Swedish company BRIO is the world's largest manufacturer of wooden toys, exporting to more than 30 countries with key markets in the United States, Germany, and the United ...
Lunning Prize

Lunning Prize  

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(1951–72)This prestigious prize was initiated in December 1951 by Frederik Lunning, Danish‐born businessman and owner of the Georg Jensen Inc. store on 5th Avenue, New York. This successful showcase ...
Artel Cooperative

Artel Cooperative  

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(early 1900s–1924)These Czech craft and furniture workshops, based in Prague, owed their inspiration to the Wiener Werkstätte and generated designs in ceramics, textiles, carpets, furniture, and ...
Orchomenus

Orchomenus  

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City in NW Boeotia located by the NW bay of Lake Copais, whose western basin it dominated. Rich in the Classical period, Orchomenus was famed as the city of the Graces (see charites), to whom a ...
Leerdam

Leerdam  

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(established 1878)This Dutch glass manufacturing company was founded by C. A. Jeekel and commenced production in 1878, becoming NV Glasfabriek Leerdam in 1891. In the first decades the products were ...
Meccano

Meccano  

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(established 1901)Frank Hornby of Liverpool, England, patented this internationally celebrated metal construction educational toy in 1901 under the name Mechanics Made Easy. Early sets were quite ...
Jacques Vienot

Jacques Vienot  

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(1893–1959)The highly influential French industrial designer and theorist Jacques Vienot established the company Décore Installe Meuble (DIM) in 1929 and, in the following year founded Porza, an ...
Taller de Gráfica Popular

Taller de Gráfica Popular  

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(TGP)A printmaking establishment founded in Mexico City in 1937 as ‘a collective work centre’ by three left-wing artists: Luis Arenal (1908–85), Leopoldo Méndez (1902–69), and the American Pablo ...
Japan Industrial Design Promotion Organization

Japan Industrial Design Promotion Organization  

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(JIDPO)(established 1969)Founded in 1969 under the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) the Japan Industrial Design Promotion Organization has been the most important body for design ...
Kilkenny Design Workshops

Kilkenny Design Workshops  

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(established 1963)Prior to the establishment of the Kilkenny Design Workshops by the Irish government in 1965, there had been limited scope for industrial design in Ireland. Although there had been ...
Siemens

Siemens  

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(established 1847)This leading German domestic appliance, computer, and communications manufacturer was founded in 1847 and, in the later 19th century, was involved in the production of telegraph and ...
Central School of Arts and Crafts

Central School of Arts and Crafts  

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(established 1896)This important art school was established by London County Council in 1896 ‘to encourage the industrial application of decorative art’, an aim that was developed strongly by its ...
Porsche

Porsche  

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(established 1948)One of the most evocative names in automobile design the Porsche company was established by Ferdinand Porsche (1875–1951) in Stuttgart, Germany, in 1930. With minimal formal ...
Luterma

Luterma  

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(established 1883)This well‐known Estonian plywood furniture company was founded in 1883 and by the turn of the century had become the largest plywood and furniture manufacturer in Russia. Luterma ...

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