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type batter

Damage or wear to type, resulting in a defective impression. Because each battered type creates a unique impression, Hinman, Blayney, and others have successfully used evidence from ...

Social-Scientific Approaches

Social-Scientific Approaches   Reference library

Johanna Stiebert

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
5,928 words

...the abusive nature of the woman metaphor in this chapter, in that it characterizes the sexual abuse of girls as their own fault ( Ezek 23:3 ). The second is Naomi Graetz’s ( 1995 ) analysis of the punishment of Hosea’s wife, which Graetz associates with domestic abuse and battered wife syndrome, consequently deeming this metaphor acutely toxic to actual women. There has been some disagreement among feminist biblical scholars as to whether metaphor ought to be read (too?) literally. Christl Maier, for example, emphasizes that the prophetic woman metaphors...

Sexual Violence

Sexual Violence   Reference library

Hilary Lipka, Harold C. Washington, Susan Deacy, Fiona McHardy, John W. Marshall, Marianne Blickenstaff, Mika Ahuvia, and Joy A. Schroeder

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
29,730 words

...depicted naked, as are male captives. Chapman’s The Gendered Language of Warfare in the Israelite-Assyrian Encounter ( 2004 , pp. 160–163) contends that the nakedness of the male enemy soldiers is sometimes combined with images of penetration via the placement and the aim of battering rams, the drawn bows of Assyrian soldiers, and through images of impaled naked males. Such images would indicate that sometimes the nakedness of the defeated enemy in the Neo-Assyrian depictions of battle and siege signifies a sexual vulnerability absent in earlier iconography...

Marriage and Divorce

Marriage and Divorce   Reference library

Sarah Shectman, Annalisa Azzoni, Eva Cantarella, Julie Langford, Mary Rose D’Angelo, Shulamit Valler, and B. Diane Lipsett

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
23,877 words

...for reasons that had little to do with romantic attachment. The familial manipulation of marriages and divorces for political and dynastic advantage is nowhere more visible than in the imperial households. Type of Evidence. There are three main types of evidence for marriage and divorce in Rome: literary, legal, and epigraphic. Each type of evidence presents challenges for scholars who interpret them. Descriptions of marriage, divorce, and weddings appear in many different genres from the middle republic to late empire, in Greek and Latin sources. The...

Feminism

Feminism   Reference library

Claudia Setzer, Susanne Scholz, and Surekha Nelavala

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
14,515 words

...Christian Discourse: Thinking beyond Thecla . London: T&T Clark, 2009. Washington, Harold C. , Susan Lochrie Graham , and Pamela Thimmes , eds. Escaping Eden: New Feminist Perspectives on the Bible . Sheffield, U.K.: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998. Weems, Renita J. Battered Love: Marriage, Sex, and Violence in the Hebrew Prophets . Minneapolis: Fortress, 1995. Williams, Delores S. “The Color of Feminism, or Speaking the Black Woman’s Tongue.” Journal of Religious Thought 43, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 1986): 42–58. Wire, Antoinette Clark . “Theological...

Imagery, Gendered

Imagery, Gendered   Reference library

Elizabeth W. Goldstein, Ken Stone, Julia M. O’Brien, Carole R. Fontaine, Greg Carey, Michal Beth Dinkler, and Susan Grove Eastman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
26,610 words

...transport one set of characteristics or relationships into the conceptual domain of another. In the Prophets, the divine-human encounter becomes a warrior’s rape of a woman captured in war, a father’s anguished yet justified beating of a disobedient son, a husband’s jealous battering of his whoring wife, a mother’s compassion for her helpless infant, or a farmer’s care for and exasperation over his fickle crops. Drawing heavily from the conceptual domain of human relationships, prophetic metaphor reflects the patriarchal/heteronormative character of ancient...

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