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type batter

Damage or wear to type, resulting in a defective impression. Because each battered type creates a unique impression, Hinman, Blayney, and others have successfully used evidence from ...

Irregular Verbs

Irregular Verbs   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,254 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...that noun is then used as a verb, the inflection is regular rather than irregular. For example, in baseball a ball that is hit into the air is a fly ball , often shortened to a fly . When a batter hits one, we say that he flied (not flew ) out to left field. ( See fly .) When the ball makes a beeline to an outfielder without touching the ground, we say that the batter line-drived (not line-drove ) it. ( See drive .) When someone gets the cold-shoulder treatment from associates, we may even say, colloquially, that the person has been ✳deep-freezed ,...

Concord

Concord   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,925 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...others .) • “Designated hitter Jason Layne, already sporting a black eye, was hit by a pitch [read pitches ] twice.” Rick Cantu , “Texas Baseball Team Thumps Favorite Tech,” Austin Am.-Statesman , 15 Mar. 1996 , at C1, C9. (The grammar here misleadingly suggests that the batter was hit twice by the same pitch.) A related problem occurs in the following sentence, in which both is followed by a singular complement ( candidate ): “Today, both camps were enthusiastic about how their candidate fared.” Richard L. Berke , “Rival Camps in Final Debate...

Direct and Indirect Speech

Direct and Indirect Speech   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...walks along (italics not in the original have been added to mark the free direct speech): By Brady’s cottages a boy for the skins lolled, his bucket of offal linked, smoking a chewed fag butt. A smaller girl with scars of eczema on her forehead eyed him, listlessly holding her battered caskhoop. Tell him if he smokes he won’t grow . O let him! His life isn’t such a bed of roses! Waiting outside pubs to bring da home . Come home to ma, da . Slack hour : won’t be many there . He crossed Townsend street, passed the frowning face of Bethel. El, yes : house...

Invention

Invention   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
11,654 words

...is not is, because it is what is not, or that the unknown is known, because it is known to be unknown. In rhetoric, it is used to make the improbable appear probable, as, for example, if a weak man is accused of assaulting and battering a strong man, this is not probable, while if a strong man is accused of assaulting and battering a weak man, this also is not probable just because it was bound to appear probable. The art of Corax, Aristotle says, is composed of this topic. S olution ( lysis ). The final component of the inferential forms that constitute...

in terms of

in terms of   Reference library

Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
842 words

...of . 1 A usage bugbear. This much-debated and much-criticized three-word sequence is a complex preposition, joining such long-established sequences as in front of, in place of ; in common with, in compliance with ; in exchange for ; in relation to. Given the critical battering it has received, it is best treated with some degree of caution. It was called ‘a vague all-purpose connective’ by the usage writer H. P. Guth in 1985 , and ‘it encounters a good deal of criticism when used to speak of one ill-defined thing in terms of another equally vague...

concord

concord   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Usage and Style

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,242 words

...read: They sometimes feel vaguely resentful if “their” regular seats are taken by others .)/ “Designated hitter Jason Layne, already sporting a black eye, was hit by a pitch [read pitches ] twice” ( Austin American-Statesman ). (The grammar here misleadingly suggests that the batter was hit twice by the same pitch.) A related problem occurs in the following sentence, in which both is followed by a singular complement ( candidate ): “Today, both camps were enthusiastic about how their candidate fared” ( N.Y. Times ). The error could have been corrected by...

digger

digger   Reference library

A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
609 words

...know the origin of the new word? 1945 Herbert M. Moran Beyond the Hill Lies China 142: A man in shabby uniform accosted Challis: ‘Kin yer spare a deaner, Mister, for a digger down on his luck?’ 1965 Patrick White Four Plays 105: A bit seedy, battered. Good features of the hatchet variety. The Digger type. 1993 Australian 23 Jun. 1: Female Digger dies in Western Sahara plane crash [heading] Major Susan Felsche, an army doctor, serving with the UN Mission for the Referendum in the Western Sahara … 2001 Australian 3 Dec. 1: Diggers at Afghan front...

bat

bat n. 3   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
919 words

...the Owl ( 1968 ) 146: Tell your boss or your landlady or whatever you were on a bat in New York for a week. on the bat [note Carew , The History of Bampfylde Moore Carew ( 1750 ), has on the battu , from battu , wear and tear] out for a drunken, sexy, brawling time ( cf. batter n. 3 ). 1864, 1867, 1870 Hotten Sl. Dict. 1947 J. Gielgud letter 4 Apr. in Gielgud's Letters ( 2004 ) 100: He is already going on the bat […] a sad case of hopeless drunk. 1989 J. Morton Lowspeak...

bruiser

bruiser n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
1,162 words

...‘Bruiser’ was plainly written in his personal appearance, from his hard-featured, low-browed, battered, hang-dog face, to his thickset frame. 1867 G.W.H. Griffin Hamlet the Dainty Act III: To spar with young Laertes, a rummy bruiser. 1870 W.E.A. Axon Boggart of Orton Cloough 3: Theaw's bin a great bruiser i' th' toime, Roger. 1883 J. Greenwood Odd People in Odd Places 58: Two villanous-looking ‘bruisers’ […] of the very lowest of the ‘rough’ type – broken-nosed, besotted, pimple-visaged, and unwholesome-looking fellows, whose foul and...

belt

belt v.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
2,518 words

...type humor. 1963 G. Lambert Inside Daisy Clover ( 1966 ) 25: She was singing, and by the last verse fairly belting it out. 1969 N. Cohn Awopbop. ( 1970 ) 80: He just stomped his foot, stood his ground and belted. 1969 J. Susann Love Machine 186: She belts out a song better than Garland. 1977 J.G. Dunne True Confessions ( 1979 ) 14: ‘And blessed is the fruit of thy womb ….’ (This is where Moira really belts it), ‘… Jay-sus .’ belt one on ( v. ) ( N.Z. ) to get very drunk. 2003 McGill Reed Dict. of N.Z. Sl. belt one's batter ...

spud

spud n. 3   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
1,131 words

... Black Gangster ( 1991 ) 13: I got some good spud-juice lined up. 2 semen [ juice n. 1 (2)] . 1997 Roger's Profanisaurus in Viz 87 Dec. n.p.: tatty water (ta-tee-wa-ta) n. Spud juice ; semen. Literally – potato water. 2000 M. Manning Get Your Cock Out 60: Battering all mighty hell out of their monkey spanners in appreciation of a lady's charms and squirting their watery spud juice all down their crusty pants. spud-miner ( n. ) ( Aus. ) a peasant. 1887 Bulletin (Sydney) 15 Oct. 13/1: The doctor mounted his chariot, and followed in...

spieler

spieler n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
1,767 words

...bag, an' views me battered dile / With sudden fears uv spielers an' their larks. 1931 ‘ William Hatfield ’ Sheepmates 172: He's a dirty ‘come-on' for that speelerin’ Fritz […] I fell for it, and Fritz wipes me down for two quid. On'y a dirty bloody speeler, and all yous mugs crawlin' to 'im. 1947 F. Brown Fabulous Clipjoint ( 1949 ) 119: Hoagy's a sex spieler. 1955 N. Pulliam I Travelled a Lonely Land ( 1957 ) 239/2: speeler ( spieler ) – […] a card shark or a crook. 1964 J.A. Lee Shiner Slattery 170: He knew the type. Not swaggers...

like a…

like a… phr.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
1,396 words

...on a dustbin (or garbage or dirt bin) is to dress inappropriately for an occasion and/or to wear over-fussy, frilly clothes. […] Another uses it for a variety of incongruous matters: an informal or poor family meal table might have newspaper instead of a cloth and cracked and battered utensils, and one pretty milk jug stands in the centre of it like a lily on a dustbin. like a lord's bastard in great luxury, usu. fig. 1958 (con. 1940s) B. Behan Borstal Boy 283: Smoking like lord's bastards. like a nigger girl's left tit [alt. versions, varying as to...

back-door

back-door n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
1,684 words

...in her closet, now put a long waste pipe, / And thereby made it leak again, which caused her oft to wipe; / So out again, with all his main / He pull'd it, which caus'd a disaster, / Her back premises o'erflow'd, / And she cried come screw the cock in faster. 1838 ‘Cupid's Battering Ram’ in Rambler's Flash Songster 22: But tell me the use of the travelling bag, / That every minute continued to wag, / As thought 'twould crack / The door at my back. 4 ( US gay ) homosexual anal intercourse. 1989–2003 R.O. Scott Gay Sl. Dict. [Internet] anal...

snap

snap n. 2   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
1,825 words

...At first he thought he had a soft snap with me in the drug store. 1890 World (N.Y.) 11 July 7/1: As one of King's soft snaps came over the plate he [i.e. the batter] raised himself on his toes and let the ball have 180 pounds of muscle straight from the shoulder. 1902 Bulletin (Sydney) 16 Aug. 30/3: The cunning trickstress is the cunning trickster's softest snap. 1910 H. Hapgood Types From City Streets 316: Moll-buzzers like me had a soft snap of it, for women kept their leathers in a big open pocket in the back of their dresses. 1916 ‘A-No....

blade

blade n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
2,016 words

... ‘The Flying Highwayman’ in Holloway & Black I ( 1975 ) 103: Come all ye bold and swaggering blades / That go in search of plunder. 1791 ‘A London Ken-cracking Song’ Confessions of Thomas Mount 20: There was Franc Finis , a hearty blade. c. 1800 ‘The Rakes of Stony Batter’ in Holloway & Black ( 1975 ) I 223: Come all you roving blades, that ramble thro the City. 1809 B.H. Malkin (trans.) Adventures of Gil Blas ( 1822 ) I 260: These four jolly blades began with such hearty salutations, as if they had not met for these ten years. 1812 ‘...

job

job n. 2   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
4,724 words

...) a prostitute. 1959 (con. 1940s) G. Slatter Gun in My Hand 132: She must think we had nothing to do over there but prowl around the streets looking for fur-coat jobs. 1968 (con. 1940s) G. Slatter Pagan Game ( 1969 ) 175: The due mille jobs, the fur coat jobs on the batter. 5 ( orig. US ) an aircraft, a motorcar or any other vehicle; of a vehicle, a brand, a make, a style. 1928 Daily Mail 7 May 6/4: [U.S. slang] A job, always used when a particular aeroplane is mentioned. 1933 W.R. Burnett Dark Hazard ( 1934 ) 105: He parked his car...

show

show n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
2,625 words

...silly fool! Do you think you'll get the ghost of a show when all that lot of brutes is in the water? Why, they will batter your head for you from these boats. 1901 Bulletin (Sydney) 7 Dec. 31/2: [S]he chased it all round the yard with the axe, but she didn't have no show; it was alligator first, rest nowhere. 1902 C.L. Cullen More Ex-Tank Tales 145: You haven't got a ghost of a show to win the 100-yard sprint. 1910 H. Hapgood Types From City Streets 36: A bloke ain't got no show wid a gal if he ain't good–lookin'. 1917 Osteralia ‘The...

junk

junk n. 1   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
3,063 words

...2 a disgusting, filthy place. 1920 S. Lewis Main Street ( 1921 ) 29: And this town […] This junk-heap! 1946 Mezzrow & Wolfe Really the Blues 121: Bix would sit at that old tinklebox […] knocking out beautiful weird music in the middle of this junkheap. 3 an old, battered automobile; also attrib. 1940 W.R. Burnett High Sierra in Four Novels ( 1984 ) 324: The two coppers […] had told him to get that ‘junk-heap’ out of town. 1952 R. Holles Now thrive the Armourers 131: Hey, you in front, driving this junk-heap. 1965 S. Yurick ...

baby

baby n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
6,597 words

... J. Conroy Disinherited 198: Boy, I met up with a hot baby! ▪ SE in slang uses ▪ In compounds baby-ass ( adj. ) [ -ass sfx ] ( US black ) childish. 1992 J. Mowry Way Past Cool 48: Yo. Marcus-homey […] You be okay, so stop all that baby-ass shit. baby batter ( n. ) see batter n. 1 (3). baby-blues ( n. ) [SE baby-blue , a light shade of blue, often associated with a baby's eyes; the implication is of candour and innocence] 1 ( orig. US ) ( also baby-blue eyes , icy-blues ) human eyes, irrespective of their actual colour. 1939 ...

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