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type batter

Damage or wear to type, resulting in a defective impression. Because each battered type creates a unique impression, Hinman, Blayney, and others have successfully used evidence from ...

Bricks and Brick Architecture

Bricks and Brick Architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...a veneer of bonded bricks was used on the wall face and the interior was filled with rubble or with headers laid one atop another. Large walls were often battered, with the base wider than the top, for added strength. Smaller edifices might be buttressed, and single walls might be built in sinusoidal fashion, for added stability. Another type of mud-brick construction was the case-mate foundation. In this type of architecture, narrow rectangular cells of brickwork were filled with rubble and capped with a layer of brick, to form a raised area for an elevated...

Military

Military   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...scenes from the Ramessid era. The principal Egyptian word for “spear” is ḥnty . Lances In essence, the lance is a type of spear with a much longer shaft, although the blades could also be significantly longer than spear blades. Such a weapon appears in siege scenes from the Middle Kingdom Beni Hasan tombs, in which a portable defensive structure covers a group of soldiers who attack a fortified city with a large lance, in the manner of a battering ram. The lance also served hunters to finish off a wounded animal while standing on a chariot; a dramatic hunting...

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