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traditio Legis

Also ‘Dominus legem dat’. The early Christian iconographic motif of Christ, standing or enthroned, distributing his New Law in the form of a scroll (or rarely a codex) to the apostles ...

Traditio Legis

Traditio Legis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
201 words

... Legis ( the Giving of the Law ) This is the counterpart of the preceding Giving of the Keys. Representations of the scene appear mostly in Early Christian sarcophagi. In one (350/60: St Peter's, Grotto) Christ is seen in the centre, with SS Peter and Paul on either side of Him; He hands a scroll to S. Peter. A damaged sarcophagus fragment (370: Rome, San Sebastiano) has the same treatment of the scene. The apse mosaic of Sta Costanza, Rome, c .350, has Christ, with sheep at His feet, between SS Peter and Paul, handing S. Peter a scroll. The same...

lamb

lamb  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The use of a lamb as a symbol of Christ is based on such passages as Jn. 1: 29 and Rev. 5: 12. Sometimes a lamb with or near a cross represented the sacrifice of Christ; sometimes a lamb is depicted ...
sarcophagus

sarcophagus  

A stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription and associated with the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, and Greece. Recorded from late Middle English, the word comes via Latin ...
Brescia Box

Brescia Box   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
103 words

...N. Italy. It is an extremely important example of Early Christian iconography, dating from c .350/75, probably of N. Italian (?Milanese) workmanship. There are scenes from the Passion, but not the Crucifixion (still not a subject for art); other scenes include the Traditio Legis , the Good Shepherd , the Woman with an Issue of Blood , Ananias , and Apocryphal and OT subjects— Daniel in the Lions' Den, Susanna and the Elders, Jonah and the Whale, and...

Junius Bassus

Junius Bassus (d. 359)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
151 words

...of the first members of a Roman patrician family to become a Christian. His sarcophagus (St Peter's Mus.) is a major work of Early Christian sculpture and worthy of his rank. It has ten very high-relief carvings, representing the Sacrifice of Isaac, S. Peter arrested, the Traditio Legis , Christ arrested, Christ before Pilate, Job, Adam and Eve, Christ's Entry into Jerusalem, Daniel in the Lions' Den, and S. Paul on the way to martyrdom. The choice of these subjects and their interrelationship is not clear at first sight, but was certainly deliberate and...

sarcophagus

sarcophagus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
652 words

...in Asia Minor and exported in an unfinished state so that, for example, a bust would be roughly blocked out and finished from a death-mask when the time came. Thus we find philosophers holding scrolls or a Hermes Kriophoros which can be turned into Christ giving the Law (*Traditio Legis) and the Good Shepherd respectively; or Bacchic scenes with Cupids gathering grapes might be taken to be the True Vine. Pagan and Christian burial sites were often adjacent in cemeteries and catacombs, so that even when the original site of a sarcophagus is known it is not...

Christ

Christ   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,589 words

...Epiphany ); Massacre of the Innocents ; Flight into Egypt (Rest on the Flight, Return from); Christ among the Doctors ; baptism and Ecce Agnus Dei ; Temptation ; Transfiguration . (2) Works. Calling of the first Apostles ; Giving of the Keys to Peter ( Traditio Clavium and Traditio Legis ); the Tribute Money ; Mary Magdalene washes Christ's Feet; Mary and Martha ; the Woman of Samaria ; the Woman taken in Adultery . (3) Miracles, other than Healing. The Marriage at Cana ; the Loaves and Fishes ; Miraculous Draught of Fishes ; Christ...

Early Christian art and architecture

Early Christian art and architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
5,163 words

...a garden amid vases, the grape harvest, with putti pressing the grapes; such motifs were later invested with Christian meanings. The late 4th-century mosaics in the apses of chapels off the ambulatory represent the Christian subjects of the Traditio Clavium —Christ giving the keys to S. Peter—and the Traditio Legis—Christ giving the Law to S. Paul, though usually S. Peter is the recipient of the scroll of the Law, since it was S. Peter that Christ had named as the rock upon whom His Church was to be built. The late 4th-century apse mosaic of Sta Pudenziana...

Apostles

Apostles   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,060 words

...(389), Christ is seated as a teacher with six Apostles on either side; on that of Titus Julius Gorgonius in Ancona Cathedral, Christ has only five Apostles on either side of Him as He hands the scroll of the Law to S. Peter, in one of the earliest representations of the Traditio Legis which becomes the norm for the subject. The original apse mosaic in Old St Peter's is known only from copies, but the composition is central to the design and iconography of many later apse mosaics. The apse is divided into two registers: in the upper one Christ in Majesty...

Peter

Peter   Reference library

Peter Lampe

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Theology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,219 words

...evidence is found in Pseudo-Linus’s Passio Petri 5, fifth century; Passion of the Saints Processus and Martinianus , sixth century); (3) a second Moses–Peter typology, which makes Peter the teacher of the church (seen in his receiving of the scroll of Christ’s law [ traditio legis ] or the keys [ Matt 16:18–20 ; John 21:15–17 ]). As Christ’s authoritative representative, Peter explains what Christ wants Christians to do (scroll) and possesses the power to forgive and to discipline (keys). By the middle of the third century, Roman bishops claimed the...

Byzantine art and architecture

Byzantine art and architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
12,284 words

...as in Old Rome, to create the illusion of there being no change from Hadrian (d. 138). Roman symbols were adapted to Byzantine imperial ends; Christ was depicted crowning emperors, endowing them with sacred powers so that the Roman symbol of the delegation of power in the Traditio Legis became the conferring of semi-divine status upon the holder of the imperial office. In the Vita Constantini , Eusebius developed a theology of empire in which the emperor is vice-regent on earth for Christ as Emperor of Heaven. The classical tradition was still alive in the...

Law

Law   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
10,024 words

...the one hand it interprets the law spiritually (“interpretatio legis”), that is, it makes evident the death-bringing character of the law and its character as pointing to grace. On the other hand the gospel proclaims to man's conscience, which has been plunged into despair under the law, the grace and mercy of God. This understanding of the distinction between law and gospel led Luther to the doctrine of the “duplex usus legis” (the twofold function of law). The “usus civilis,” or “usus primus legis,” serves to punish the evil deeds of men and to outwardly limit...

Christian Visual Art, Early

Christian Visual Art, Early   Reference library

Jeffrey Spier

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
7,224 words

...however, two apses in the mausoleum with new Christian images. One apse shows a youthful Christ standing in heaven presenting a scroll inscribed Dominus legem dat (“The Lord conveys the Law”) to Peter, with Paul standing on the other side. This composition, known as the Traditio Legis , became an especially important symbol for the church, representing the passing of Christ’s authority to Peter, the first bishop of Rome, and thus the Church of Rome’s perpetual authority. The other apse depicts a related scene, Christ seated on a celestial globe presenting...

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