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traditio Legis

Also ‘Dominus legem dat’. The early Christian iconographic motif of Christ, standing or enthroned, distributing his New Law in the form of a scroll (or rarely a codex) to the apostles ...

traditio legis

traditio legis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
63 words

... legis Also ‘Dominus legem dat’. The early Christian iconographic motif of Christ, standing or enthroned, distributing his New Law in the form of a scroll (or rarely a codex) to the apostles Peter and Paul. Diane J. Reilly K. Berger , ‘ Der traditionsgeschichtliche Ursprung der “traditio legis ”’, Vigiliae Christianae , 27 (1973), 104–22. J. Engemann , ‘ Gesetzübergabe ’, LMA , vol. 4.7 (1988),...

Traditio Legis

Traditio Legis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
271 words

... Legis (Lat. “transmission of the law”), the modern title for a group of 4th–13th-C. compositions, predominantly Roman, showing Christ holding a scroll and flanked by Peter and/or Paul . The Traditio legis emerges just after the edict of toleration of Christians in the early 4th C., and draws heavily on imperial imagery. The earliest version, found on “Passion” sarcophagi, shows Christ on the mount of Paradise , his right arm raised in a gesture of address and his left holding an open scroll, as Peter approaches from his right and Paul acclaims...

traditio Legis

traditio Legis  

Also ‘Dominus legem dat’. The early Christian iconographic motif of Christ, standing or enthroned, distributing his New Law in the form of a scroll (or rarely a codex) to the apostles Peter and ...
Rivers of Paradise

Rivers of Paradise  

Genesis 2:10–14 describes four rivers in Paradise: Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel (or Tigris), and Euphrates. Flowing from a verdant landscape, the four appear frequently in 4th- through 6th-C. art, serving ...
passion

passion  

The term is used absolutely of the Lord's redemptive suffering during the last days of His earthly life, and especially of His Crucifixion.
sarcophagus

sarcophagus  

A stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription and associated with the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, and Greece. Recorded from late Middle English, the word comes via Latin ...
Paradise, Rivers of

Paradise, Rivers of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
200 words

...of . Genesis 2:10–14 describes four rivers in Paradise: Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel (or Tigris), and Euphrates. Flowing from a verdant landscape, the four appear frequently in 4th- through 6th-C. art, serving to situate in Paradise such symbolic images of Christ's kingship as the Traditio Legis , Christ appearing in Glory (apse mosaic, S. Vitale , Ravenna ), and Majestas Domini ( Hosios David , Thessalonike ). As lifegiving streams, they flow from the foot of the Cross on some Monza ampullae (nos. 9, 11) and from the Fountain of Life in a floor mosaic in...

Elisha

Elisha   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
236 words

...master does. Typological exegesis loved to see in him a prefiguration of Christ , and drew up equivalences between the ovation at Jericho and the Entry into Jerusalem , the multiplication of the widow's oil and Pentecost , the inheritance of Elijah's mantle and the traditio legis to the apostles, the healing of Naaman the Leper in the waters of the Jordan and baptism , the raising of the son of the Shunammite woman and that of Lazarus , the miracle of the axe floating on the water and the Resurrection of Christ. The plurality of these figures...

Lamb of God

Lamb of God   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
281 words

...of the world (Jn 1:29) and was the Lamb of the Apocalypse (Rev 14–21), he, too, is shown as a lamb from the 4th C. onward. Signifying the eternal triumph achieved through his sacrifice, the image of Christ as the Lamb of God is first found below triumphal scenes like the Traditio legis or Christ acclaimed by the Apostles; the Lamb stands on the mount of Paradise flanked by apostle-lambs, forming a symbolic, celestial counterpart to the figural scene above. Slightly later, as the focus of larger cycles, the Lamb of God appears enclosed in the wreath of...

Sarcophagus

Sarcophagus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
331 words

...decorated it with the imagery of the catacombs , embodying, above all, a belief in personal salvation. After Christianity was granted toleration ca. 311–13 (see Edict of Milan ) , sarcophagi came to be embellished with more elaborate and varied programs, for example, the Traditio legis , including outright quotations from other works of art (e.g., apse decoration). In the middle of the 4th C. the method of producing sarcophagi changed fundamentally. Previously mass-produced and thus widely available to even a relatively modest clientele, they became much...

Lamb

Lamb   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
494 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Jerusalem , metaphor of the troop of Christians composed of gentiles and Jews . From the 4th c., the image of the lamb also served to represent Christ allegorically, in apse mosaics and on sarcophagi. The Christ-lamb was part of the iconographical motif of the Traditio Legis , in which the lamb at the summit of Mount Zion was surrounded by lambs referring to the Apostles. The lamb could also be represented within a crown : here the association of the animal and the perfection of the circle expressed the dual Nature of Christ, divine with the...

Paul

Paul   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
631 words

...Representation in Art Bearded, brown-haired, and balding, Paul joins Peter as the first of the apostles to exhibit a distinct iconographic type. He appears with Peter en buste on 4th-C. commemorative medals and gold glass as well as in scenes of his arrest and of the Traditio Legis on “Passion” sarcophagi. Scenes involving Paul but not Peter first appear in the 5th C.: Florence, Carrand Diptych ( Volbach , Elfenbeinarbeiten , no.108); murals in San Paolo fuori le Mura ( Rome ). His presence among the apostles, esp. in depictions of episodes...

Saint Peter's

Saint Peter's   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
539 words

...corridor that followed the perimeter of the apse, allowing devotion to be paid to the tomb without permanently encumbering the presbyterial area. Of the building's internal decoration, we have good reason to think that the apse carried a mosaic with the scene of the Traditio Legis . From the 7th c., the inside of the basilica was enriched by numerous sacelli and small chapels , while the work of completing or repairing the annexes of the basilica proper never stopped. From the time of Damasus ( 366–384 ), there was a baptistery attached to the...

Passion of Christ

Passion of Christ   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
691 words

...imagery. Initially, Passion scenes emphasized Christ's triumph over death and entry into kingship, as on 4th-C. “Passion” sarcophagi, where scenes of his betrayal, arrest, and trial accompany triumphal motifs like the cross flanked by birds, the Entry into Jerusalem, or the Traditio Legis . Sacrificial scenes, esp. the Crucifixion, appear only in the 5th C., and then sparingly. Passion cycles of the 6th C. ( Rossano Gospels ; Sant'Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna ), though dwelling on Christ's humanity, omit the Crucifixion, and the Monza ampullae show the...

Christ

Christ   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
3,202 words

...from the Cross ; Epiphany ; Feeding of the Multitudes ; Flight into Egypt ; Galilee, Storm on the Sea of ; Infancy of Christ ; Lazarus Saturday ; Lord's Supper ; Miracles of Christ ; Mission to the Apostles ; Nativity ; Passion of Christ ; Temptation of Christ ; Traditio Legis ; Washing of the Feet . Byzantine Christology Literary Descriptions of Christ Types of Christ Byzantine Christology . The image of Christ encountered in the Byz. church and in its theology is not so much that of the Synoptic Gospels, although Orthodoxy confesses the human...

Property

Property   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
35,301 words
Illustration(s):
3

...of traditio (delivery): traditionibus et usucapionibus dominia rerum, non nudis pactis transferuntur (ownership of things is transferred by delivery or by acquisitive prescription, not by mere agreement). In the terminology of the Gloss, traditio is the causa efficiens proxima (the proximate effective cause), whereas the title (obligatory legal transaction), such as a purchase, is causa remota (distant cause). However, a mere putative title suffices. Problems arose in defining how to recognize a traditio , such as in the cases of traditio longa...

Christian Art

Christian Art   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
6,976 words
Illustration(s):
2

...to the Jordan as a passage to Paradise. Saint Peter's apse, probably completed by Constantine's son Constans I, was destroyed in the sixteenth century, but ancient drawings show Christ handing a scroll of the law to Peter and Paul—a composition often referred to as the traditio legis . Usually depicting the ascended Jesus regally enthroned or standing on an outcropping of rock from which the four rivers spring, this image had special significance in Rome, the site of both apostles’ martyrdom and burial. This image became widespread elsewhere and was a...

Ancient Greek Law

Ancient Greek Law   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
28,725 words
Illustration(s):
6

...the litigants’ pleas, and a relatively minor role for professional magistrates in litigation. Some of these features can be seen in the judicial procedure of the two cities about which we know the most, Athens and Gortyn; even the Spartans—though they generally avoided putting legis-lation in writing—appear in other respects to have conducted their legal affairs like other Greeks. And inscriptional evidence from the fourth century and from traditional Greek cities in the Hellenistic period reveals that other features (such as the volunteer citizen-prosecutor)...

Castel Sant’Elia

Castel Sant’Elia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and ciborium. The church is famous for his wall paintings from the first quarter of the 12th century. The apse and its adjacent walls, showing the 24 elders, are influenced by Romano-Christian motifs. Christ in the middle of the conch is flanked by Peter and Paul in a Traditio legis depiction, with a procession of lambs below. Underneath, Maria Regina has to be reconstructed in the middle, between two conserved angels followed by female saints in a Byzantine manner. No Romano-Christian iconography seems to have influenced the vast apocalyptic cycle...

Müstair [Münster], St Johann

Müstair [Münster], St Johann   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... 1180 ; the upper parts of this Romanesque work have broken away, revealing the original Carolingian images in those areas; in the semi-dome of the central apse is Christ in Majesty with the story of John the Baptist below; in the semi-dome of the left apse is the Traditio Legis with scenes from the apostles’ lives below; and in the semi-dome of the right apse the Cross is represented with the story of St Stephen below. In the cloister of the church are very poorly preserved fragments of murals depicting the Crucifixion and Descent from...

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