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traditio Legis

Also ‘Dominus legem dat’. The early Christian iconographic motif of Christ, standing or enthroned, distributing his New Law in the form of a scroll (or rarely a codex) to the apostles ...

Traditio Legis

Traditio Legis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
201 words

... Legis ( the Giving of the Law ) This is the counterpart of the preceding Giving of the Keys. Representations of the scene appear mostly in Early Christian sarcophagi. In one (350/60: St Peter's, Grotto) Christ is seen in the centre, with SS Peter and Paul on either side of Him; He hands a scroll to S. Peter. A damaged sarcophagus fragment (370: Rome, San Sebastiano) has the same treatment of the scene. The apse mosaic of Sta Costanza, Rome, c .350, has Christ, with sheep at His feet, between SS Peter and Paul, handing S. Peter a scroll. The same...

sarcophagus

sarcophagus  

A stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription and associated with the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, and Greece. Recorded from late Middle English, the word comes via Latin ...
Cione, Andrea di

Cione, Andrea di (1343)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
292 words

... painted for the Strozzi chapel in S. Maria Novella displays his formidable powers. The language of pictorial space is inverted, not abandoned, in the interests of a highly cerebral and specific exposition of Dominican politico-theology employing a pointed reworking of Traditio Legis iconography. The hot colours, sharp outlines, and the unrelenting frontal stares of the central figure of Christ and the flanking S. John the Baptist combine in an image of unforgettable force. In 1359 Orcagna signed a large and elaborate tabernacle for the chapel of the...

Brescia Box

Brescia Box   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
103 words

...N. Italy. It is an extremely important example of Early Christian iconography, dating from c .350/75, probably of N. Italian (?Milanese) workmanship. There are scenes from the Passion, but not the Crucifixion (still not a subject for art); other scenes include the Traditio Legis , the Good Shepherd , the Woman with an Issue of Blood , Ananias , and Apocryphal and OT subjects— Daniel in the Lions' Den, Susanna and the Elders, Jonah and the Whale, and...

Junius Bassus

Junius Bassus (d. 359)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
151 words

...of the first members of a Roman patrician family to become a Christian. His sarcophagus (St Peter's Mus.) is a major work of Early Christian sculpture and worthy of his rank. It has ten very high-relief carvings, representing the Sacrifice of Isaac, S. Peter arrested, the Traditio Legis , Christ arrested, Christ before Pilate, Job, Adam and Eve, Christ's Entry into Jerusalem, Daniel in the Lions' Den, and S. Paul on the way to martyrdom. The choice of these subjects and their interrelationship is not clear at first sight, but was certainly deliberate and...

sarcophagus

sarcophagus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
652 words

...in Asia Minor and exported in an unfinished state so that, for example, a bust would be roughly blocked out and finished from a death-mask when the time came. Thus we find philosophers holding scrolls or a Hermes Kriophoros which can be turned into Christ giving the Law (*Traditio Legis) and the Good Shepherd respectively; or Bacchic scenes with Cupids gathering grapes might be taken to be the True Vine. Pagan and Christian burial sites were often adjacent in cemeteries and catacombs, so that even when the original site of a sarcophagus is known it is not...

Christ

Christ   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,589 words

...Epiphany ); Massacre of the Innocents ; Flight into Egypt (Rest on the Flight, Return from); Christ among the Doctors ; baptism and Ecce Agnus Dei ; Temptation ; Transfiguration . (2) Works. Calling of the first Apostles ; Giving of the Keys to Peter ( Traditio Clavium and Traditio Legis ); the Tribute Money ; Mary Magdalene washes Christ's Feet; Mary and Martha ; the Woman of Samaria ; the Woman taken in Adultery . (3) Miracles, other than Healing. The Marriage at Cana ; the Loaves and Fishes ; Miraculous Draught of Fishes ; Christ...

Early Christian art and architecture

Early Christian art and architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
5,163 words

...a garden amid vases, the grape harvest, with putti pressing the grapes; such motifs were later invested with Christian meanings. The late 4th-century mosaics in the apses of chapels off the ambulatory represent the Christian subjects of the Traditio Clavium —Christ giving the keys to S. Peter—and the Traditio Legis—Christ giving the Law to S. Paul, though usually S. Peter is the recipient of the scroll of the Law, since it was S. Peter that Christ had named as the rock upon whom His Church was to be built. The late 4th-century apse mosaic of Sta Pudenziana...

Apostles

Apostles   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,060 words

...(389), Christ is seated as a teacher with six Apostles on either side; on that of Titus Julius Gorgonius in Ancona Cathedral, Christ has only five Apostles on either side of Him as He hands the scroll of the Law to S. Peter, in one of the earliest representations of the Traditio Legis which becomes the norm for the subject. The original apse mosaic in Old St Peter's is known only from copies, but the composition is central to the design and iconography of many later apse mosaics. The apse is divided into two registers: in the upper one Christ in Majesty...

Byzantine art and architecture

Byzantine art and architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
12,284 words

...as in Old Rome, to create the illusion of there being no change from Hadrian (d. 138). Roman symbols were adapted to Byzantine imperial ends; Christ was depicted crowning emperors, endowing them with sacred powers so that the Roman symbol of the delegation of power in the Traditio Legis became the conferring of semi-divine status upon the holder of the imperial office. In the Vita Constantini , Eusebius developed a theology of empire in which the emperor is vice-regent on earth for Christ as Emperor of Heaven. The classical tradition was still alive in the...

Castel Sant’Elia

Castel Sant’Elia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and ciborium. The church is famous for his wall paintings from the first quarter of the 12th century. The apse and its adjacent walls, showing the 24 elders, are influenced by Romano-Christian motifs. Christ in the middle of the conch is flanked by Peter and Paul in a Traditio legis depiction, with a procession of lambs below. Underneath, Maria Regina has to be reconstructed in the middle, between two conserved angels followed by female saints in a Byzantine manner. No Romano-Christian iconography seems to have influenced the vast apocalyptic cycle...

Müstair [Münster], St Johann

Müstair [Münster], St Johann   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... 1180 ; the upper parts of this Romanesque work have broken away, revealing the original Carolingian images in those areas; in the semi-dome of the central apse is Christ in Majesty with the story of John the Baptist below; in the semi-dome of the left apse is the Traditio Legis with scenes from the apostles’ lives below; and in the semi-dome of the right apse the Cross is represented with the story of St Stephen below. In the cloister of the church are very poorly preserved fragments of murals depicting the Crucifixion and Descent from...

Berzé-la-Ville, priory chapel

Berzé-la-Ville, priory chapel   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...pointed barrel vault, a short choir (l. 2.70 m), and a semicircular apse. The paintings in the nave, including an Entry into Jerusalem and decorative bands imitating transverse arches, are fragmentary, but those in the apse are well preserved. The semi-dome contains a Traditio legis . Christ in Majesty is depicted enthroned in a blue mandorla below the Hand of God and flanked on either side by six Apostles: he hands an unfurled scroll to St Peter on the right and blesses St Paul on the left. Also flanking the mandorla are SS Lawrence and Vincent and...

Civate, S Pietro al Monte

Civate, S Pietro al Monte   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...by Caramel , however, who has plausibly argued that the church is a unified building of c. 1050 or a little later and that its occidentation is to be seen as an allusion to St Peter’s, Rome. In the semicircular, largely reconstructed atrium a wall painting of the Traditio legis (Christ presenting the keys to St Peter and a book to St Paul) over the entrance door introduces the decorative programme of the church. Frescoes of St Marcellus and St Gregory the Great flank the corridor, while on the vault is Christ Enthroned with a detailed...

Stucco and plasterwork

Stucco and plasterwork   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...with a series of stucco aediculae flanking each window. Within each aedicula stands a draped figure, carved in high relief and painted in decorative polychrome, holding a scroll or book. Paired animals and biblical vignettes, such as Daniel in the Lions’ Den and the Traditio legis (‘delivery of the law’), surmount the alternately curved and triangular pediments. The original decoration of Ravenna’s Arian Baptistery (late 5th century) also included polychrome plasterwork, which survives only in fragments. Stucco coffering and patterns of geometric and...

Baptistery

Baptistery   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and 481 at the basilica of S Restituta in Naples. Here the dome and squinches over the square plan retain much of their original mosaic decoration. At the apex a chi-rho is depicted in a starry field; lush festoons and curtains frame eight narrative episodes, including the Traditio Legis , Christ and the Woman of Samaria , the Marriage at Cana, and the Miraculous Draught of Fishes . Shepherds flanked either by sheep or drinking stags appear above the Evangelist symbols in the squinches, and crown-bearing Apostles flank the windows. In the eastern Empire...

Christian Visual Art, Early

Christian Visual Art, Early   Reference library

Jeffrey Spier

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
7,224 words

...however, two apses in the mausoleum with new Christian images. One apse shows a youthful Christ standing in heaven presenting a scroll inscribed Dominus legem dat (“The Lord conveys the Law”) to Peter, with Paul standing on the other side. This composition, known as the Traditio Legis , became an especially important symbol for the church, representing the passing of Christ’s authority to Peter, the first bishop of Rome, and thus the Church of Rome’s perpetual authority. The other apse depicts a related scene, Christ seated on a celestial globe presenting...

Cione

Cione   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...space. A further innovation, prefigured only in the Baronci triptych, is the dislocation of the spatial structure by the abolition of the space around Christ, in order to give his presence the character of an apparition. The work makes use of the Early Christian motif of the Traditio legis et clavium , whereby Christ entrusts St Paul with the doctrine of the Church and St Peter with its authority, although here St Thomas Aquinas takes the place of St Paul. By placing the Virgin and St John the Baptist behind SS Thomas and Peter, the work relates to the Deësis...

Early Christian monumental painting and mosaics

Early Christian monumental painting and mosaics   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
5,870 words
Illustration(s):
3

...include portraits that may represent the deceased and her husband, foliate scrollwork with bacchanalian scenes and various decorative motifs. The dome mosaics (destr.) portrayed biblical subjects, while the conches of the lateral apses contain the Delivery of the Law ( Traditio legis ) to St Peter with St Paul to the left and a rare depiction of the Delivery of the Keys to St Peter . Thus, within this programme, Christian scenes symbolizing salvation became part of a secular environment. Another 4th-century mosaic programme with a similar combination of...

Pavia

Pavia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...each lateral portal. The north transept portal has a similar arrangement, repeating the motif of an angel on the tympanum but with an imago clipeata and two portraits of bishops in roundels on the lintel. The south transept portal bears St Michael on the tympanum and a traditio legis (Christ handing the keys to St Peter and the law to St Paul) on the lintel. The sculpture was restored in the 1860s. While the use of symbolic rather than narrative imagery is similar to sculpture on other Lombard monuments in Como and Milan, the narrative capitals in the...

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