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self-reflexive

Subject: Literature

A term applied to literary works that openly reflect upon their own processes of artful composition. Such self‐referentiality is frequently found in modern works of fiction that repeatedly ...

Kalapana

Kalapana   Reference library

J.W. Junker

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
258 words

...bridges, rock-inflected solos, and self-reflexive lyrics or instrumental jams. Founding members were D.J. Pratt (guitar/percussion/vocals), Malani Bilyeu (guitar/bass/vocals), Mackey Feary (guitar/piano/bass/vocals), and Kirk Thompson (keyboards, bass, vocals), joined frequently by Michael Paulo (sax/flute) and Alvin Fejarang (drums). Feary and Bilyeu served as the main songwriters and singers. Early shows at The Toppe Ada Shoppe led to their opening for Cecilio & Kapono and visiting artists. Their self-titled debut album in 1975 was a local...

Nickelback

Nickelback   Reference library

Leanne Fetterley

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
302 words

...in both mainstream rock and pop radio formats. This broad appeal owes much to Kroeger's narrative texts, which adhere to a distinct polarity between macho tales of sex and alcohol (“Something in your mouth”) and earnest love songs (“If everyone cared”). The sardonic and self-reflexive single “Rock Star” is a notable exception to Nickelback's overall preponderance for sincere expression. Nickelback's reception has been particularly divisive. While fans have propelled the band's worldwide sales to over 30 million albums, critics have consistently lambasted...

Benny, Jack

Benny, Jack (14 Feb 1894)   Reference library

Todd Decker

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
494 words

...of regular characters and lasting from 1932 to 1955 . The nascent situation comedy genre developed many of its fundamental contours in Benny's well-scripted and rehearsed programs. A self-reflexive show about a radio star, the cast included figures from the world of popular music: bandleader Phil Harris and boy singer Dennis Day performed on almost every episode. Benny's self-absorbed, cheapskate character—described by comedy writer Larry Gelbart as “a giant of pettiness”—allowed his co-stars to get laughs at his expense. The pregnant pause was Benny's...

Video

Video   Reference library

John Richardson

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,354 words

...high and low cultural forms. Most controversial about Kaplan's writing is her belief that videos are intrinsically postmodern. In comparison to other visual media forms, she argues, videos broke established codes of linear visual narration and thematized these codes in a self-reflexive way. In her view, this produces a free-play of blank signifiers (implying pastiche more than parody) that is understood to be symptomatic of the fragmented postmodern condition while offering an implicit critique of conventional audiovisual forms. Writing in the early 1990s,...

Rap

Rap   Reference library

David Toop, Charise Cheney, Loren Kajikawa, and Charise Cheney

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,504 words

...success in the 1990s with the jazz-influenced rap group Digable Planets, and found new audiences as the co-leader of the collective Shabazz Palaces, which released the album Black Up ( 2011 ) to critical acclaim. Other recent developments include a heightened sense of self-reflexivity and irony in the genre. New York-based underground duo Das Racist, for example, captured public attention with the viral download “Combination Pizza Hut and Taco Bell” ( 2008 ). Since then, they and a number of co-conspirators have injected a destabilizing element of...

Historiography

Historiography   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,971 words

.... Historiography is not mere historical writing, but a study of how history is articulated. Such a reflexive attitude toward history is the trademark of contemporary historiographical writing and is visible also in the historical writings of classical, medieval, and modern Muslim historians. Arguably the foremost Western scholar of Islamic historiography is Franz Rosenthal , who laid the foundations of a critical study of this subject in his seminal History of Muslim Historiography . Rosenthal's approach sheds light on the historical implications...

Television music

Television music   Reference library

Ronald W. Rodman

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
7,510 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the proclivity demonstrated in Miami Vice to feature pop tunes in its narrative was copied by shows like Beverly Hills, 90210 , The O.C. , Buffy the Vampire Slayer , Dawson's Creek , and Grey's Anatomy . In turn, from the 1980s music exhibited postmodern traits of self-reflexive parody and pastiche in programs like Chicago Hope , Pee-wee's Playhouse , and The Simpsons . Rap music, or at least a version of it, appeared with The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air . Despite the plethora of music styles featured in TV programs of the 1980s and 90s, the overall...

Cold War (1945–1991)

Cold War (1945–1991)   Reference library

David F. Schmitz, Zachary Karabell, William H. Chafe, Jonathan Nashel, and David Milne

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...America's hostile view of the Soviet Union. An even harsher indictment of U.S. foreign policy appealed in Joyce and Gabriel Kolko 's The Limits of Power: The World and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1945–1954 ( 1972 ), in which the U.S.'s Cold War policy was seen as both reflexively anti-Communist and counterrevolutionary. Any form of challenge to the American form of politics or economics was controlled by either covert or military means. Not surprisingly, each new historical interpretation of the Cold War begat another—one that built on the earlier...

Criticism

Criticism   Reference library

Lars Helgert

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
11,698 words

...magazines aimed at the intelligentsia, such as The Dial and the New Republic , using a writing style influenced by Huneker in its “impressionistic” use of subjectivity. Rosenfeld gave new music the attention it needed, but he was neither an unqualified pro-modernist nor a reflexive Americanist; his modernist Americanism reflected the “high” cultural model of his readership. Rosenfeld's reaction to the use of jazz in American art music composition, an important aspect of contemporary American musical nationalism, is an illustrative example. He was more...

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