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self-reflexive

Subject: Literature

A term applied to literary works that openly reflect upon their own processes of artful composition. Such self‐referentiality is frequently found in modern works of fiction that repeatedly ...

fandom

fandom   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
218 words

...Culture ( 1997 ), wrote of a condition of ‘post-fandom’ into which we ‘are now manifestly born’. He linked this to ‘the accelerated hyper-modern culture’ that allows the post-fan to relate to the object of adulation in increasingly mediated ways: ‘the fragmentary, self-conscious, reflexive, mediated, “artistic”…, “style-surfing”…notion of what it means to be a fan of soccer, music and fashion’. Social psychological work on fans has explored the attitudes underlying fandom and fan behaviour, and the place of fandom in the constitution of personal and...

queer theory

queer theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
403 words

...and culture. Sykes concludes, in her overview, that ‘queering sport studies’—the play on verb and adjective here is deliberate—‘has the potential to alter how we think about sexualities, desires and bodies’. It is in this rendition an interdisciplinary, deconstructionist, and self-reflexive theoretical approach, that should not ‘become commodified as identity politics’. This latter comment posits a continuing openness in the approach, and also signals a tension in that other approaches, such as radical lesbian feminism, see queer theory as unanchored, and...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
234,746 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Sexual Eroticism and Expression . Martinson ( 1976 ) has drawn a distinction between what he calls reflexive and eroticized sexual experiences. Reflexive experience is pleasurable and may be a result of learning contingencies, but eroticized experience is characterized by self-conscious awareness and labeling of behavior as sexual. As a general guideline, younger and less-experienced children would seem more likely to react to sexual stimuli in a reflexive manner; older and more-experienced children are more likely to have learned erotic meanings and to...

Outer Space and Antarctica

Outer Space and Antarctica   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
19,114 words
Illustration(s):
2

...the buildup of muscle tension (myotonia) occurs. This is usually accompanied by an increase in respiration and metabolic activity. Orgasm releases and is typically considered the climax of this vasocongestion and myotonic buildup of sexual tension, in a paroxysmal, rhythmic, reflexive discharge of energy, typically resulting in a feeling of relaxation throughout much of the body. Among the most visible physiological effects of spaceflight are the shifts in body fluids, most importantly the blood, which rises from the lower extremities to settle into the chest...

svasaṃvedana

svasaṃvedana (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...the nature of consciousness and the mechanism of memory, the issue of the necessary existence of svasaṃvedana was pressed by the Yogācāra school because of how they understood enlightenment ( bodhi ). They argued that the liberating vision taught by the Buddha consisted of a self-reflexive act that was utterly free of subject-object distortion ( grāhyagrāhakavikalpa ). In ordinary persons, they argued, all conscious acts take place within a bifurcation of subject and object, with a sense of distance between the two, because of the residual impressions or...

Madhyamakālaṃkāra

Madhyamakālaṃkāra (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

..., Sautrāntika , and the various subschools of Vijñānavāda . In the course of this section, he considers such important topics in Buddhist epistemology as whether or not the object casts an image or “aspect” ( ākāra ), toward the perceiving consciousness, and whether reflexivity ( svasaṃvedana ) exists. He concludes that consciousness lacks intrinsic nature ( niḥsvabhāva ). Roughly the last third of the text is devoted to an exposition of the two truths ( satyadvaya ). He concludes by stating that the follower of the Buddha has compassion for those who...

Risk-Taking Behavior

Risk-Taking Behavior   Reference library

Martyn BEAVEN, Nicholas GILL, Don SELF, Carolyn Sara FINDLEY, and Mark STRANGER

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
3,939 words

... Sociology of Sport Journal , 12 , 252–267. Bardo, M. T. , Donohew, R. L. , & Harrington, N. G. (1996). Psychobiology of novelty seeking and drug seeking behaviour. Behavioural Brain Research , 77 , 23–43. Bourdieu, P. (1990). In other words: Essays towards a reflexive sociology . Cambridge, UK: Polity Press. Brannigan, A. , & McDougall, A. (1983). Peril and pleasure in the maintenance of high risk sport: A study of hang-gliding. Journal of Sport Behaviour , 6 (1), 37–51. Breivik, G. (1999). The quest for excitement and the safe society...

Coeducation

Coeducation   Reference library

Gertrud PFISTER

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
4,093 words

...Gender Equity ; Gender Verification ; Human Movement Studies Further Reading Derrie, J. (2002). Single-sex and coeducational physical education: Perspectives of adolescent girls and female physical education teachers. St. Paul, MN: Melpomene Journal. Frohn, J. (2004). Reflexive Koedukation auch im Sportunterricht der Grundschule [Reflective coeducation also in elementary school sports-teaching]? Sportunterricht , 53(6), 163–168. Gibbons, S. L. , & Humbert, L. (2008, January 1). What are middle-school girls looking for in physical education? Canadian...

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