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self-reflexive

Subject: Literature

A term applied to literary works that openly reflect upon their own processes of artful composition. Such self‐referentiality is frequently found in modern works of fiction that repeatedly ...

SELF

SELF   Reference library

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
172 words

... At certain moments in its history, the term “self” has posed some interesting problems for translators of philosophy. In 1700 Pierre Coste, the French translator of Locke’s Essay on Human Understanding , proposed the innovative soi in order to simultaneously insist on the reflexive dimension contained in the English self and take his distance, following Locke himself, from the moi (or ego) introduced by Descartes and Pascal: see CONSCIOUSNESS . Coste also used soi-même . That Anglo-French innovation, characteristic of the turn in classical...

SELBST

SELBST (GERMAN)   Reference library

Jean-Pierre Lefebvre

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
774 words

... Selbstbestimmung (self-determination), Selbstbetrug (self-deception), Selbstbewegung (spontaneous motion), Selbsterhaltung (self-conservation), Selbsterkenntnis (self-knowledge), Selbstgefühl (feeling of selfhood), Selbstkritik (self-criticism), Selbstmord (suicide), Selbstsucht (egotism), selbsttätig (automatic), Selbstzweck (containing its end within itself). Depending on the second part of the compound, selbst designates the autonomous nature of the operation ( selbstständig, selbsttätig ) or its reflexive object ( Selbstsucht ),...

ERLEBEN

ERLEBEN (GERMAN)   Reference library

Natalie Depraz

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
2,426 words

...beings who are always behind in our capacity to make what we live from day to day explicit. II. The Reflexive Mediation of Erleben However, to live is only the simple fact of living for a living thing without self-consciousness, that is, reflexivity. In this respect, German has a term that captures this pure life without self-consciousness: dahinleben , which is judiciously translated into French as végéter . Though plants are living things without self-consciousness, we cannot say the same for animals, which do indeed have an immanent consciousness of...

SAMOST’

SAMOST’ (RUSSIAN)   Reference library

Andriy Vasylchenko

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
3,815 words

... ( самость ‎ ) ( RUSSIAN ) English self, selfhood, ipseity French soi, ipséité German Selbst, Selbstheit Greek ousia [ οὐσία ‎] ➤ SELF [ SELBST ], and ACTOR , BOGOČELOVEČESTVO , CONSCIOUSNESS , DRUGOJ , ES , ESSENCE , I/ME/MYSELF , ISTINA , LËV , PERSON , POSTUPOK , RUSSIAN , SOUL , STAND , SUBJECT , SVOBODA , UNCONSCIOUS The Russian word samost ’ [ самость ‎], a nominalization of the reflexive pronoun sam [ сам ‎], “myself” (“yourself,” “himself,” etc.) is the literal equivalent of English “ipseity.” In the...

I

I   Reference library

Étienne Balibar

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
15,717 words

...identity as simple “sameness” to that of reflexive identity, or “ipseity”: the word “self” at that point becomes a noun. From comparative expressions (“the same with itself”), we move easily to “that is self to itself” (equivalent to the idea of consciousness): Consider what person stands for…. When we see, hear, smell, taste, feel, meditate, or will any thing, we know that we do so … and by this every one is to himself, that which he calls self … it is the same self now as it was then; and it is by the same self with this present one that now reflects...

IDENTITY

IDENTITY   Reference library

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
648 words

...person.” This is the meaning of “identity” in “identity card” and “identification procedure.” See I/ME/MYSELF (for the Greek, see Box 2 ), PERSON , SAMOST’ , SELBST ; cf. ES . 3. On the transition from the ontological register to the transcendental register, in which “reflexive” identity is conceived as the condition of possibility of speaking, see I/ME/MYSELF , SUBJECT , and cf. CONSCIOUSNESS , PERSON , SPEECH ACT . II. The Inextricable Link between the Different Sets of Problems: Essence, Resemblance Sameness and ipseity are inextricably...

ACEDIA

ACEDIA (SPANISH)   Reference library

José Miguel Marinas

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
1,378 words

..., 17.319; Plato, Laws , 913c); in the passive sense, it designates a person who is neglected ( Odyssey , 20.130) or abandoned without burial (like Hector, Iliad , 24.554). How can the lack of care, akêdeia , become a virtue of the reflexive type? The twofold sense of the term (transitive: care for others; reflexive: care for oneself) is maintained in the meaning of the Spanish word acedia . The first movement toward the ethics of intimacy is determined by practical philosophy’s reflection on the finitude of human life. The event represented by death...

WUNSCH

WUNSCH (GERMAN)   Reference library

Alexandre Abensour

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
2,703 words

...is to say, in an object that “effects the negation”—in other words, in another self-consciousness. “Self-consciousness attains its satisfaction only in another self-consciousness” (ibid., 175). But it would seem that in the course of this analysis, and contrary to Kojève’s interpretation, “desire” never goes beyond the sphere of “life,” of the immediate, of independence, of the “object,” whereas the “I” [ Ich ] that is according to Hegel the “object of its own notion [of self-consciousness], is in point of fact not ‘object’” (“Ich, das der Gegenstand seines...

OIKEIÔSIS

OIKEIÔSIS (GREEK)   Reference library

Jean-Louis Labarrière

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
1,061 words

..., PROPERTY , TRUTH “Appropriation” is the literal translation, which has become inevitable, of the Stoic term oikeiôsis , derived from the verb oikeioô [ оἰϰειόω ‎], “to make familiar” and later “to make specific to, to appropriate”; “to appropriate to oneself” in the reflexive sense, “related to the family, to the estate; belonging to the family,” whence “proper to.” Oikeiôsis is opposed to allotriôsis [ ἀλλоτϱίωσις ‎], “alienation,” and designates what nature has originally “appropriated or attached to us or conciliated with” us. The term also...

CONSCIOUSNESS

CONSCIOUSNESS   Reference library

Étienne Balibar

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
13,665 words

...between conscience de soi and conscience du soi (or du moi ) (“self-consciousness” and “consciousness of the self”). Note that this can be translated into Italian without apparent problems by autocoscienza —and by coscienza di se— with a clearer connotation of “consciousness of the self,” which consapevole suffices to express in practice. English, obviously, uses “self-consciousness.” These variants are connected with a more general problem in expressing reflexivity on the basis of Greek and Latin models ( auto- , sui ). Bibliography Hegel,...

PERFECTIBILITY

PERFECTIBILITY   Reference library

Bertrand Binoche

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
3,294 words

...a principle of which it is only the consequence, namely, “the kind of concern that the absence of impression produces in the mind,” that is, the fear of boredom ( De l’esprit , III, chap. 5). In 1773 , in the summary of De l’homme , he reverses the reflexive mode of the formulation: the reactive faculty of self-improvement becomes basically the passive faculty of “being improved”: “As a result, the human mind is susceptible of perfectibility, and in men who are commonly well-organized, the inequality of talents can only be a pure effect of the difference in...

NEIGHBOR

NEIGHBOR   Reference library

Kenneth Reinhard

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
7,247 words

...of self must be transformed or corrected by love of God, and only then can we love our neighbor appropriately. Hannah Arendt points out that for Augustine it is only from the perspective of a self-love that has passed through self-denial that authentic neighbor-love is possible: “It is not really the neighbor who is loved in this love of the neighbor—it is love itself” ( Love and Saint Augustine ). Arendt argues that for Augustine, neighbor-love does not establish the natural community of a neighborhood but instead isolates both the neighbor and the self,...

PERCEPTION

PERCEPTION   Reference library

Michel Fichant

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
4,716 words

...it possible is none other than the unity of self-consciousness, for which Kant adopts the Leibnizian term “apperception” ( Apperzeption ). The terminological equivalence between “self-consciousness” ( das Bewusstsein seiner selbst ) and apperception makes the latter “the simple representation of the ‘I’” ( die einfache Vorstellung des Ich ) (ibid., B 68). But this completely general acceptation is valuable because it enables us to differentiate two levels of self-consciousness and apperception. On the one hand, self-consciousness as a determination of the...

SUBJECT

SUBJECT   Reference library

Étienne Balibar, Barbara Cassin, and Alain de Libera

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
23,322 words

...‎]; redemption; release). (Heidegger, “Metaphysics as History of Being,” 21) This structure allows the conceptualization of the transition from knowledge to self-consciousness: (1) the mind knows itself discursively and reflexively through the act of knowing; (2) this knowledge leads, directly and necessarily, to self-love; (3) in its self-love and self-knowledge, the mind becomes immediately self-conscious ( De Trinitate IX, 2, 2–5, 8). In this analogy, which is still imperfect, between the inner man and the divine Trinity, mens represents the deity in...

ATTUALITÀ

ATTUALITÀ (ITALIAN)   Reference library

Charles AlunniI

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
6,453 words

... (originary language) or Überleben/Fortleben (survival, afterlife), while at the same time defending (against Benedetto Croce ) the idea of a genuine “poetics” of translation. The necessary condition for such a conception no doubt has to do with the whole complex, self-reflexive history of this translating/traducing of the concept of Wirklichkeit into the performative attualità . It is through the actualization of this deviation that these views of translation and the theory of translation were able to see the light. Charles AlunniI Bibliography...

BILDUNG

BILDUNG (GERMAN)   Reference library

Michel Espagne

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
10,481 words

...notably the translation of ancient authors who are distant from German in their mode of expression, plays a central role. III. Formation or Self-Making A. Self-Making The essential dimension that the term Bildung acquires around 1800 is that of reflexivity. The development that Bildung implies is not only the acquisition of competences with a view to improvement, but corresponds to a process of the self-fashioning of the individual who becomes what he was at the outset, who reconciles himself with his essence. This use of the word is found notably...

MITMENSCH

MITMENSCH (GERMAN)   Reference library

Marc de Launay

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
3,217 words

...not as what contests my life, but as what gives it form…. [T]he problem of others [is not to be posed] as that of access to a different mode of negativization but as that of initiation to a symbolic and typology of others whose being for itself and being for others are reflexive variants, and not essential forms. Thus autrui would be less related to the Sartrean alter ego, “the gaze of the other that robs me of the world,” and more to a structure. Similarly, Deleuze granted to Sartre—but in order to immediately strip him of it—the merit of having...

SOUL

SOUL   Reference library

Étienne Balibar

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
17,999 words

...the body, or at least their connection is merely hypothetical). Consciousness and self are just as indissociable (so that in Locke “consciousness” is always already “self-consciousness,” a term that he introduced into philosophy: in 1700 , his French translator Coste still found it untranslatable). Consciousness has as its foundation a reflexive identity of thought or a logico-psychological principle of identity (every perception is also a perception of perception), but the self (conceived by Locke in terms of the individual’s continual appropriation of his...

MEMORY

MEMORY   Reference library

Jean Bollack

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
14,603 words

...the progression of world history is presented as self-examination and self-discovery. Absolute spirit folding itself back upon its own foundation is translated by a turn of phrase borrowed from religious practice: insichgehen , “to enter into oneself.” Interiorization encompasses traditional self-examination and the entire dimension of self-reflection. 3. Poetic memory integrated into the philosophical system: Erinnerung and Andenken The Phenomenology integrates early Greek poetry into the evolution of self-consciousness. The pathos of the poet enables...

NEUZEIT

NEUZEIT (GERMAN)   Reference library

Gisela Febel

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
2,868 words

...in Franco-German philosophical dialogue during the 1980s, it was the term Moderne that was used. The Moderne , setting aside the notions that are associated with it (subjectivity, autonomy, self-foundation) and the criticism that has been directed at them, is conceived fundamentally as a project, and this introduces into it a component of reflexivity that is absent in the notion of Neuzeit , at least in its current usage (cf. Habermas, “Die Moderne,” 1980 ); this might be the philosophical specificity of Moderne in relation to Neuzeit . At a...

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