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self-reflexive

Subject: Literature

A term applied to literary works that openly reflect upon their own processes of artful composition. Such self‐referentiality is frequently found in modern works of fiction that repeatedly ...

self-reflexive

self-reflexive   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...-reflexive A term applied to literary works that openly reflect upon their own processes of artful composition. Such self-referentiality is frequently found in modern works of fiction that repeatedly refer to their own fictional status ( see metafiction ). The narrator in such works, and in their earlier equivalents such as Sterne ’s Tristram Shandy ( 1759–67 ), is sometimes called a ‘self-conscious narrator’. Self-reflexivity may also be found often in poetry. See also mise-en-abyme , romantic irony...

self-reflexive

self-reflexive  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A term applied to literary works that openly reflect upon their own processes of artful composition. Such self‐referentiality is frequently found in modern works of fiction that repeatedly refer to ...
Prose

Prose   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,185 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...century was the *essay in ‘Romantic prose’—the phrase that literary history has conferred upon the writings of Hazlitt, Thomas *De Quincey , Charles *Lamb , John *Wilson , and Leigh *Hunt . Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine ( 1817 ) probably published more of this reflexive, self-consciously literary genre of the period than any other journal; it also translated the German Romantic and idealist philosophers and poets into English for wide circulation and influence in the 1820s, doing much to make the taste for what was only later to be called...

metadrama

metadrama  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Drama about drama, or any moment of self‐consciousness by which a play draws attention to its own fictional status as a theatrical pretence. Normally, direct addresses to the audience in prologues, ...
Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore

Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1979).Novel by Calvino indebted to semiotic and reader response theory, and centred on a male and female reader who read ten novel fragments. The frame-tale deals self-reflexively with the ...
unreliable narrator

unreliable narrator  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
American literary theorist Wayne Booth's term for a narrator who cannot be relied on either to tell the truth or in the case of self-reflexive narrators to know the truth. For example Humbert ...
Robert Deane Pharr

Robert Deane Pharr  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1916–1992), novelist.Rediscovered in the late 1960s after an interrupted career, Robert Deane Pharr constructs a critique of the American dream and the African American community's ability to attain ...
Clive Sinclair

Clive Sinclair  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1948– ),novelist and short‐story writer, born in London and brought up in its north‐western suburbs, and educated at the universities of East Anglia and Santa Cruz. The title of his first novel, ...
Chaneysville Incident

Chaneysville Incident  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In David Bradley's The Chaneysville Incident (1981), the protagonist John Washington, professor of history in Philadelphia, when called to the deathbed of Jack Crawley, his father's closest friend, ...
John Barth

John Barth  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1930– ),American novelist, whose essay ‘The Literature of Exhaustion’ argued that fiction was unable to keep up with the rapidly changing face of the post‐war world. Consequently his own work has ...
Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore

Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore (1979)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
55 words

...una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore ( 1979 ). Novel by Calvino indebted to semiotic and reader response theory, and centred on a male and female reader who read ten novel fragments. The frame-tale deals self-reflexively with the production and consumption of literature, while the novel fragments, in typical totalizing fashion, encapsulate contemporary narrative styles. [ Martin McLaughlin...

Malerba, Luigi

Malerba, Luigi (1927– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
161 words

...Luigi ( pseud. of Luigi Bonardi ) ) ( 1927–  ). Best known as a novelist but also a dramatist and children 's writer of note. He was a member of the Gruppo 63 and already displays an imaginative interest in modernist ideas on literary self-reflexiveness in his first novel, La scoperta dell'alfabeto ( 1963 ). But social critique is at least as important a strand in his work. Already in Il serpente ( 1966 ) the play of wit and sarcasm is couched in deliberately unsophisticated language in a attempt to represent the disappearing peasant ...

Barth, John Simmons

Barth, John Simmons (1930–)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
167 words

...1992 ). LETTERS ( 1980 ) is a novel where both Barth and his own earlier characters appear. Barth has been drawn constantly to non‐European story cycles, which have informed works like The Tidewater Tales ( 1987 ). His playful brand of postmodernism —intrusive narrators, selfreflexive stories—suggests a body of work where means of representation form a major part of the subject. Two important essay collections are The Friday Book ( 1984 ) and Further Fridays ( 1995...

Barth, John Simmons

Barth, John Simmons (1930– )   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
176 words

...1992 ). LETTERS ( 1980 ) is a novel where both Barth and his own earlier characters appear. Barth has been drawn constantly to non‐European story cycles, which have informed works like The Tidewater Tales ( 1987 ). His playful brand of postmodernism —intrusive narrators, selfreflexive stories—suggests a body of work where means of representation form a major part of the subject. Three important essay collections are The Friday Book ( 1984 ), Further Fridays ( 1995 ), and Final Fridays ( 2012 ). The Development ( 2008 ) is a series of linked...

Napier, Susan

Napier, Susan   Reference library

Terry Sturm

The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
178 words

...romance conventions. For Napier, ‘You never let reality get in the way of a good story’. Although she acknowledges that ‘conventional morality’ underpins the formula, and that ‘the most important ingredients in a romance are feelings, emotions and passions’, the humorous self-reflexiveness with which she treats the genre invites readers to distinguish between reality and the fantasies the novels embody. Terry...

Coetzee, J. M.

Coetzee, J. M. (1940– )   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
219 words

...J. M. ( John Maxwell ) ( 1940–  ) Novelist and academic, born in Cape Town; in 2006 he took Australian citizenship. His fiction is selfreflexive, allusive, and disorienting. Dusklands ( 1974 ), contains two linked novellas, one concerning the American involvement in Vietnam, the other about an 18th‐century Boer settler. In the Heart of the Country ( 1977 ) focuses on the meditations of an embittered Afrikaner woman. Waiting for the Barbarians ( 1980 ), a powerful allegory of oppression, was followed by the Life and Times of Michael K ( 1983...

Davis, Leigh

Davis, Leigh   Reference library

Kai Jensen

The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
282 words

... The New Poets (ed. Murray Edmond and Mary Paul , 1987 ). Willy's Gazette contains ninety-five sonnets divided into four parts of unequal length. The sequence bewildered some readers with its postmodern techniques of disjuncture, quotation, rapid-fire allusion and self-reflexivity. For example, a draft version of one sonnet is printed, complete with crossings-out and insertions, and the finished version appears on the next page. Another page offers a photocopied newspaper weather-map, under the title ‘Diary of a Country Priest’. In retrospect,...

Coetzee, J. M.

Coetzee, J. M. (1940–)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
375 words

... and academic , born in Cape Town and educated at the university there and at the University of Texas, where he received his doctorate. He has held academic posts in both the USA and South Africa; in 2006 he took Australian citizenship, having settled in Adelaide. His selfreflexive, allusive, and disorienting fiction problematizes power relations and language itself. His first book, Dusklands ( 1974 ), contains two linked novellas, one concerning the American involvement in Vietnam, the other about an 18th‐century Boer settler. In the Heart of the...

Charles d'Orléans

Charles d'Orléans (1394–1465)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
617 words

...de Bonne Nouvelle’, ‘l'ermitage de Pensee’, ‘la forest d'Ennuyeuse Tristesse’, the ‘moustier amoureux’). Within this frame, dramatically represented, abstractions and poetic persona interact: the poetic je plays chess with Dangier, takes council with Confort, and—typically selfreflexive—reads the ‘rommant de Plaisant Penser’. From 1440 , particularly in the rondeaux, this elaborate allegorical world achieves even greater sophistication. A new conflict becomes a leitmotiv : the poetic je is increasingly torn between Melancolie and Nonchaloir, an elegant,...

FBI

FBI   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
510 words

...of the Lambs ( 1988 ), along with a special agent who becomes the protagonist. Of course, Margaret Truman 's series of Washington novels includes one about the bureau, Murder at the FBI ( 1985 ). Finally, the conventional appearances of the FBI in fiction receive a self-reflexive criticism from Jane Haddam 's Gregor Demarkian in A Great Day for the Deadly ( 1992 ). See also CIA ; Forensic Pathologist . Athan G. Theoharis , ed., From the Secret Files of J. Edgar Hoover (1991). Ronald Kessler , The FBI: Inside the World's Most Powerful Law...

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