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saṃpradāya

Subject: Religion

A term for an institutionalized order or tradition (usually smārta in nature), marked by a guru-pupil lineage or paramparā. This may be traced back to an historical or mythical founder, or ...

Saṃpradāya

Saṃpradāya   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
73 words

... (Skt., from saṃ-pra da , ‘to give completely up’, ‘to hand down by tradition’). In Indian religions, any established doctrine and set of practices transmitted from one teacher to another. From this it has come to mean any sectarian religious teaching or a religious sect. In the Mahābhārata ( Anuśāsanaparvan 141), the four (supposedly) original saṃpradāyas are listed more as styles of increasing asceticism through which tapas is generated. For Jains, see MULA SANGHA...

sampradāya

sampradāya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
66 words

... (‘ order ’, ‘ tradition ’, ‘ sect ’) A term for an institutionalized order or tradition (usually smārta in nature), marked by a guru-pupil lineage or paramparā . This may be traced back to an historical or mythical founder, or even to God (however identified). Entry requires a special initiation ( dīkṣā ), which, depending on the tradition, may be given to renouncers only, or to householders as well...

Mahānubhāva Saṃpradāya

Mahānubhāva Saṃpradāya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
150 words

...Saṃpradāya ( Mānbhāvs, Manbhaus ) (‘ those who have a great experience ’) An anti- Vedic and antinomian Kṛṣṇa - bhakti tradition, founded by Cakradhar in 13th-century Maharashtra. By the end of the following century, the tradition had separated into thirteen ‘currents’ ( āmnāyas ), and isolated itself from the surrounding Hindu culture of caste and svadharma , partially by preserving its extensive Marathi literature—much of it hagiographical material about Cakradhar and his successors—in a secret code until the 20th century. Mahānubhāvas...

saṃpradāya

saṃpradāya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A term for an institutionalized order or tradition (usually smārta in nature), marked by a guru-pupil lineage or paramparā. This may be traced back to an historical or mythical founder, or even to ...
Mahānubhāva Saṃpradāya

Mahānubhāva Saṃpradāya  

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Religion
An anti-Vedic and antinomian Kṛṣṇa-bhakti tradition, founded by Cakradhar in 13th-century Maharashtra. By the end of the following century, the tradition had separated into thirteen ‘currents’ ...
Aughara

Aughara  

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Religion
One of the panths (‘paths’) of the Nāth Siddha sampradāya.
Vindhyavāsin

Vindhyavāsin  

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Religion
(c.4th century ce)The founder of a Sāṃkhya sampradāya which may have influenced Patañjali's Yoga School.
svatantra

svatantra  

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Religion
An adjective describing self-appointed, or self-initiated renouncers and sādhus—i.e. those who have not formally joined a sampradāya or ascetic lineage.
Jayadeva Pakṣadhara

Jayadeva Pakṣadhara  

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(15th century ce)The founder of a Navya Nyāya sampradāya in the tradition of Gaṅgeśa.
Nimbārkī

Nimbārkī  

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Religion
A member of the Nimbārka or Sanakādi sampradāya, a Vaiṣṇava bhakti tradition claiming the Dvaitādvaitin, Nimbārka as its founder. The early history of the sampradāya is not clear, but it appears to ...
Rādhavallabhī

Rādhavallabhī  

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Religion
A North Indian Vaiṣṇaiva bhakti sampradāya, founded by Hitaharivaṃśa when he consecrated an image of Kṛṣṇa called Rādhavallabha (‘Lover of Rādhā’) at Vṛndāvana in 1535, and continued, after his ...
Vallabhasampradāya

Vallabhasampradāya  

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A western Indian Vaiṣṇava householder bhakti movement, based on the Śuddhādvaita theology developed by Vallabha. Its devotional practice is characterized as the Puṣṭimārga, since soteriological ...
Baladeva

Baladeva  

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Religion
1 See Balarāma.2 (18th century ce) The founder of a Vedānta sampradāya. His Govindabhāṣya belongs to the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava tradition; it characterizes the relationship between the devotee and Kṛṣṇa as ...
Puruṣottamācārya

Puruṣottamācārya  

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(13th century ce?)Named as an early ācārya in the Nimbārka sampradāya, although the lineage is historically unreliable. The Vedāntaratnamañjuṣa is attributed to him, as is a ‘biography’ of Nimbārka, ...
Śrīpati

Śrīpati  

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(14th century ce, or earlier)The founder of a Śaiva Vedānta samprādaya. A Liṅgāyata, in his Śrīkarabhāṣya he draws on Rāmānuja's Viśiṣṭādvaita, adopting an essentially bhedābheda stance, ...
Nāthdvāra

Nāthdvāra  

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A town in southern Rajasthan which is the major tīrtha and ritual centre for the Vaiṣṇava Vallabha Puṣṭimārga sampradāya. The focus of attention is the image of Kṛṣṇa as Śrī Nāthjī (in the havelī of ...
Meykaṇṭār

Meykaṇṭār  

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12th–13th century ce)The first systematic Śaiva Siddhānta theologian; author of the influential Civañāṉapōtam (Śivajñānabodham) (‘Treatise on Śiva Knowledge’) (c.1223 ce), a twelve-verse sūtra text ...
Kṛṣṇadāsa Kavirāja

Kṛṣṇadāsa Kavirāja  

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(b. 1531?)A North Indian Vaiṣṇaiva bhakti poet who succeeded his father, Hitaharivaṃśa, as head of the Rādhavallabhī sampradāya after the latter's death. His main work is Karṇānanda (‘Delight of the ...
Nisargadaṭṭa Mahārāj

Nisargadaṭṭa Mahārāj  

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(1897–1981)A teacher from a humble background, who earned his living as a cigarette (bīdī) seller in Mumbai. Initiated into a Nāth Siddha sampradāya, he achieved wider fame with the publication of a ...
Hitaharivaṃśa

Hitaharivaṃśa  

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Religion
(1502–1553)A North Indian Vaiṣṇaiva bhakti poet who was the founder of the Rādhavallabhī sampradāya. Born into a brahmin family near Mathurā, he moved in his thirties to Vṛndāvana where, in 1535, he ...

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