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pronkstilleven

(Dutch, ‘ornate still life’) A category of 17th-century still-life painting distinguished by its large and complex compositions and elaborate colouring. The type originated in ...

pronkstilleven

pronkstilleven   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
58 words

... A type of still-life painting, popular in Dutch art from the mid- to late 17th century, featuring elaborate displays of costly foodstuffs and luxury household objects, often arranged on a carpet-covered table (‘pronk’ is Dutch for ‘sumptuous’ or ‘ostentatious’). Leading exponents of this type of painting include Jan Davidsz. de Heem and Willem Kalf . See also ontbijt ....

pronkstilleven

pronkstilleven   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
94 words

... (Dutch, ‘ornate still life ’) A category of 17th-century still-life painting distinguished by its large and complex compositions and elaborate colouring. The type originated in the 1640s in Antwerp where artists such as Frans Snyders and Adriaen van Utrecht produced still lifes which gave an impression of overwhelming abundance in their diversity of objects, fruits, flowers, and dead game, often accompanied by living human and animal figures. It was rapidly taken up in Holland where its leading practitioners included Jan Davidsz. de Heem , ...

breakfast piece

breakfast piece   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
80 words

.... and Willem Claesz . Heda. Typical contents included bread, cheese, fish, fruit and nuts, and a tankard of ale, all carefully laid out on a table. Breakfast pieces were painted in a relatively severe, monochrome palette, very different from the show and splendour of the pronkstilleven...

ontbijt

ontbijt   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
96 words

...pieces’, but the foods depicted are not usually specific to any time of day. Leading exponents included Pieter Claesz. and Willem Claesz. Heda , both of whom worked in Haarlem. Their modest, sometimes almost monochromatic paintings contrast strongly with the opulent pronkstilleven , a type that became popular later in the...

Kalf, Willem

Kalf, Willem   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
170 words

... settled in Amsterdam. His early works were modest kitchen and courtyard scenes, but he soon became the outstanding exponent of a type of still life in which fruit and precious objects—porcelain, oriental rugs, Venetian glass—are arranged in grand Baroque displays ( see pronkstilleven ). He was an art dealer as well as a painter, so some of the objects he used as models may have been pieces he had in stock. His pictures have often been compared with those of Vermeer because of his masterly handling of texture and his ability to manipulate warm and cool...

Kalf, Willem

Kalf, Willem (1619–93)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
187 words

...known as one of the leading painters in the city, remained there until his death. He painted some interior scenes in the first half of the 1640s, but then specialized in still lifes, and particularly built a reputation for the most ornate category of such pictures, known as pronkstilleven , which often included luxurious imported objects, such a Venetian glass, oriental rugs, or Chinese porcelain, as well as exotic foods. His compositions are invariably formally complex and convey a sense of the monumental, although retaining within them detailed and precisely...

Harnett, William Michael

Harnett, William Michael (10 Aug 1848)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
848 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in such unconventional locales as saloons and department stores. However, the works elicited significantly less praise from contemporary critics, who merely marveled at Harnett's technical prowess. Nonetheless, his work occupies a pivotal place between 17th-century Dutch pronkstilleven and 20th-century Cubist collage in the history of modern still life. William Michael Harnett The Banker's Table , oil on canvas, 203 × 305 mm, 1877. Gift of Elihu Root Jr., 1956. © The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bibliography A. Frankenstein : After the Hunt: William Harnett...

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