Update

You are looking at 1-20 of 25 entries  for:

  • All: post hoc ergo propter hoc x
  • Type: Subject Reference x
clear all

View:

Overview

post hoc ergo propter hoc

Subject: Philosophy

(Latin, after this, so because of this)

The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of it.

post hoc ergo propter hoc

post hoc ergo propter hoc   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
29 words

... hoc ergo propter hoc (Latin, after this, so because of this) The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of...

post hoc, ergo propter hoc

post hoc, ergo propter hoc   Reference library

Garner's Modern English Usage (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
118 words

... hoc, ergo propter hoc (L. “after this, therefore because of this”) denotes the fallacy of confusing sequence with consequence. E.g.: “The Feb. 5 Dispatch editorial linking the major decrease in the number of licensed gun dealers with a minor decrease in homicides illustrates the first fallacy taught in any logic course: post hoc, ergo propter hoc (after this, therefore because of this). The rooster’s crow does not cause the sun to rise.” Letter of Kevin Cantos , “Licensing Unrelated to Drop in Slayings,” Columbus Dispatch , 22 Feb. 1997 , at A11. ...

Post hoc ergo propter hoc

Post hoc ergo propter hoc   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
137 words

...Post hoc ergo propter hoc . pōst hōk ār´gō prōp´tērhōk . pōst hak ɜr´gō prap´tɜr hak. “After this, therefore because of this.” An expression of the logical fallacy wherein one infers from the fact that a later event follows a prior event that the prior event must therefore have caused the later one. E.g., “It is incorrect to claim that the United States is applying the suspension of concessions or other obligations ‘with respect to a new measure’ just because the United States continues to apply multilaterally authorized suspension of concessions or other...

post hoc, ergo propter hoc

post hoc, ergo propter hoc   Reference library

Penelope Mackie

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
95 words

... hoc, ergo propter hoc . ‘After this, therefore because of this.’ Strictly, the fallacy of inferring that one event is caused by another merely because it comes after it. More loosely, the fallacy (characteristic of superstitious beliefs) of assuming too readily that an event that follows another is caused by it without considering factors such as counter-evidence or the possibility of a common cause. ( Causality .) The name appears to derive from Aristotle's Rhetoric (1401 b 29–34). Dr Penelope Mackie H. W. B. Joseph , An Introduction to Logic , 2nd...

Propter hoc

Propter hoc   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
23 words

...Propter hoc . prōp´tēr hōk . prap´tɜr hak. adj . “Because of this.” Because of the previously stated reason. See also Post hoc ergo propter hoc...

Fallacy

Fallacy   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Argumentum ad populum [Latin: argument directed at the people]. An appeal to popular opinion, bias, and inclination. (4) Non sequitur [Latin: it does not follow]. A statement in which the premisses of an argument do not lead to the conclusion provided. (5) Post hoc ergo propter hoc [Latin: after this therefore because of this]. Asserting that because A came before B, A caused B. ...

Post

Post 1   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... 1 (Latin, ‘after’) Post factum (Latin) After the act has been committed. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (Latin) After this, therefore because of this. The phrase is expressive of the fallacy that because one thing follows another, the former is the cause of the latter. Because a man drinks a glass of beer and then falls over it does not follow that the beer was the cause of his fall. He may have tripped or slipped. Post-Impressionism The name applied to the phase of painting that followed impressionism . The chief exponents were Paul Cézanne ( 1839–1906 ), ...

consequent

consequent   Reference library

Garner's Modern English Usage (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
388 words

... Paul Donohue , “First Step for Stroke,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch , 11 Dec. 1996 , Everyday Mag. §, at E2. • “Health professionals also are questioning the closure of the state’s mental health hospital and the consequent impact on both patients and mainstream health services.” Greg Hall , “Closure of Ashley May Prove Costly,” Mercury (Hobart, Aus.), 28 Sept. 2021 , 15. Consequent is sometimes misused for subsequent , perhaps partly because of the logical fallacy post hoc, ergo propter hoc (“after this, therefore because of this”)—a trap for...

Ceely, Robert

Ceely, Robert (17 Jan 1930)   Reference library

Barbara A. Petersen and Ilana R. Schroeder

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
525 words

...Bottom Dogs, 4 db, 1980; Pf Piece, 1980; Roundels, wind, tape, 1981; Pf Variations, 1981–2; Totems, ob, tape, 1982; Dialogues, fl, 1983; Giostra, ob, pf, 1984; Pianetude, pf, 1984; Pitch Dark, jazz ens, 1984; Timeshares, perc ens, 1988; Pitch Dark, big band, 1989; Post hoc, ergo propter hoc, b cl, 1989; Fanfare: Oh 1 to 5, brass qnt, 1992; Auros, ob, cl, pf, vn, vc, 1997; Triple Double, ob, eng hn, bn, tape, 1999; 3 Satires, orch, 2002; 2 Pieces for Str Qt, 2003; A Piano Miscellany, pf, 2006; Group Sax, s sax, a sax, t sax, bar sax, 2006; Duel, b cl, pf,...

causality

causality   Reference library

Penelope Mackie

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,284 words

...facts cannot, strictly speaking, be causes, although they are relevant to causal explanation. What is distinctive of pairs of events related as cause and effect? Obviously, it is not sufficient , for an event to cause another, that the second happen after the first. ( Post hoc, ergo propter hoc .) Further, it has been argued that this is not even necessary, and that both simultaneous causation and ‘backwards causation’ (effects preceding their causes) are at least conceptually possible. This poses a problem. Causality appears to be an asymmetric relation (if...

Herodotus

Herodotus   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...willingness to admit Egyptian cultural priority in many areas, and there is a pervasive conviction that numerous elements in Greek civilization derived from Egypt, particularly in the sphere of religion. This conviction is based on little more than the operation of the post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy: that is, if something in Egypt resembles something in Greece, it is argued that it must have come from Egypt because Egyptian civilization is so much older. The result is that many erroneous claims are made, but this has not prevented Herodotus's assertions and...

Origins of Islamic Law

Origins of Islamic Law   Reference library

Walter Edward Young

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World: Digital Collection

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,880 words

...dynamic of dialectical disputation, and, most importantly, the avoidance of unsupported assumptions and formal/informal fallacies (common to the field are e silentio and argumentum ad ignorantiam [often linked]; cum / post hoc ergo propter hoc ; apriorism; priority; sweeping and hasty generalizations; dysfunctional reductions and exclusions; and special pleading with regard to sources). ...

Fallacies

Fallacies   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
4,433 words

...known as begging the question or circular reasoning ). Aristotle's Prior Analytics contains additional remarks, and in Rhetoric , Aristotle discusses a selection from the fallacies compiled in Sophistical Refutations , referring also to the fallacy now known as post hoc ergo propter hoc (“after this, therefore on account of this”). [ See Dialectic .] In Sophistical Refutations , Aristotle distinguishes thirteen different types of incorrect refutations and indicates how these false moves can be parried. He divides the dialectical fallacies into two...

Postcolonialism

Postcolonialism   Reference library

George Heffernan

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,413 words

...of the Roman Empire nor the fall of the city of Rome is etiologically related to ‘Christian times’ ( tempora Christiana : 1.1, 1.7, 1.15, 1.30, 1.33, 3.22–3, 3.31, 5.22, 13.19; s . 81.7–9, 105.8, 296.9). The inference post hoc ergo propter hoc is a fallacy. From the foundation of the city, according to Aug., Rome flourished by waging unjust wars ( civ . 2.18). To say that the Roman Empire had to be extended by constant war is to beg the question whether...

Commercial Policy

Commercial Policy   Reference library

Capie Forrest, D. Dye Alan, and Tilly Richard

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
7,082 words
Illustration(s):
3

...suggest that the Zollverein embodied both of the customs union effects mentioned above. More than sixty years ago, however, the economic historian, Sir John Clapham , warned that the Zollverein 's alleged contribution to industrialization was subject to the fallacy post hoc ergo propter hoc . More recent research has confirmed Clapham's scepticism: the foundations of German industrialization were being laid well before the Zollverein was born; and the factors driving that industrialization—the application of new, imported technologies, the accumulation of...

Psychology and Security

Psychology and Security   Reference library

Jonathan Mercer

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,371 words

...interpretations of new information. Jervis ( 1976 ) emphasized how predispositions influence learning and noted that people typically pay more attention to what happened rather than why it happened: “Thus learning is superficial, overgeneralized, and based on post hoc ergo propter hoc reasoning” ( 1976 :228). Decision makers tend to associate dramatic causes with dramatic events, to attribute cause to whatever is most salient, to overemphasize one’s own role in an outcome, to pay little attention to nonevents (such as wars that do not happen), and to...

post hoc

post hoc adverb & adjective phrase   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
31 words

... hoc adverb & adjective phrase M19 Latin . After this; after the event; consequent(ly). Chiefly with reference to the fallacy post hoc , ergo propter hoc ‘after this, therefore because of...

post hoc

post hoc   Reference library

Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...post hoc , ergo propter hoc , from Latin, ‘after this, therefore due to this’: a common logical fallacy of confusing consequence with sequence. On Sunday we prayed for rain; on Monday it rained; therefore the prayers caused the rain. Post hoc by itself means ‘after the event’ and is printed in roman type: this rhetoric offers a post hoc justification for the changes...

post hoc

post hoc   Quick reference

Fowler’s Concise Dictionary of Modern English Usage (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... hoc , ergo propter hoc means ‘after it and therefore because of it’, and refers to the fallacy of assuming that if event A is followed by event B, event B is caused by event A. (On Sunday we prayed for rain, and on Monday it rained. Therefore our prayers were answered.) It is printed in italic type. Post hoc by itself means ‘after the event’ (in Latin literally ‘after this’) and is printed in roman...

non sequitur

non sequitur   Reference library

Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...premises (from Latin, literally ‘it does not follow’) is written as two separate words, unhyphenated, and printed in roman. Thus: It will be a hard winter, for holly-berries [which are meant as provision for birds in hard weather] are abundant. The reasoning called post hoc, ergo propter hoc is a form of non...

View: