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post hoc ergo propter hoc

Subject: Philosophy

(Latin, after this, so because of this)

The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of it.

Commercial Policy

Commercial Policy   Reference library

Capie Forrest, D. Dye Alan, and Tilly Richard

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
7,082 words
Illustration(s):
3

...suggest that the Zollverein embodied both of the customs union effects mentioned above. More than sixty years ago, however, the economic historian, Sir John Clapham , warned that the Zollverein 's alleged contribution to industrialization was subject to the fallacy post hoc ergo propter hoc . More recent research has confirmed Clapham's scepticism: the foundations of German industrialization were being laid well before the Zollverein was born; and the factors driving that industrialization—the application of new, imported technologies, the accumulation of...

Ceely, Robert

Ceely, Robert (17 Jan 1930)   Reference library

Barbara A. Petersen and Ilana R. Schroeder

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
525 words

...Bottom Dogs, 4 db, 1980; Pf Piece, 1980; Roundels, wind, tape, 1981; Pf Variations, 1981–2; Totems, ob, tape, 1982; Dialogues, fl, 1983; Giostra, ob, pf, 1984; Pianetude, pf, 1984; Pitch Dark, jazz ens, 1984; Timeshares, perc ens, 1988; Pitch Dark, big band, 1989; Post hoc, ergo propter hoc, b cl, 1989; Fanfare: Oh 1 to 5, brass qnt, 1992; Auros, ob, cl, pf, vn, vc, 1997; Triple Double, ob, eng hn, bn, tape, 1999; 3 Satires, orch, 2002; 2 Pieces for Str Qt, 2003; A Piano Miscellany, pf, 2006; Group Sax, s sax, a sax, t sax, bar sax, 2006; Duel, b cl, pf,...

Psychology and Security

Psychology and Security   Reference library

Jonathan Mercer

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,371 words

...interpretations of new information. Jervis ( 1976 ) emphasized how predispositions influence learning and noted that people typically pay more attention to what happened rather than why it happened: “Thus learning is superficial, overgeneralized, and based on post hoc ergo propter hoc reasoning” ( 1976 :228). Decision makers tend to associate dramatic causes with dramatic events, to attribute cause to whatever is most salient, to overemphasize one’s own role in an outcome, to pay little attention to nonevents (such as wars that do not happen), and to...

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