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post hoc ergo propter hoc

Subject: Philosophy

(Latin, after this, so because of this)

The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of it.


Fallacy   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

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... Argumentum ad populum [Latin: argument directed at the people]. An appeal to popular opinion, bias, and inclination. (4) Non sequitur [Latin: it does not follow]. A statement in which the premisses of an argument do not lead to the conclusion provided. (5) Post hoc ergo propter hoc [Latin: after this therefore because of this]. Asserting that because A came before B, A caused B. ...


Post 1   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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... 1 (Latin, ‘after’) Post factum (Latin) After the act has been committed. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (Latin) After this, therefore because of this. The phrase is expressive of the fallacy that because one thing follows another, the former is the cause of the latter. Because a man drinks a glass of beer and then falls over it does not follow that the beer was the cause of his fall. He may have tripped or slipped. Post-Impressionism The name applied to the phase of painting that followed impressionism . The chief exponents were Paul Cézanne ( 1839–1906 ), ...