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post hoc ergo propter hoc

Subject: Philosophy

(Latin, after this, so because of this)

The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of it.

Origins of Islamic Law

Origins of Islamic Law   Reference library

Walter Edward Young

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World: Digital Collection

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,880 words

...dynamic of dialectical disputation, and, most importantly, the avoidance of unsupported assumptions and formal/informal fallacies (common to the field are e silentio and argumentum ad ignorantiam [often linked]; cum / post hoc ergo propter hoc ; apriorism; priority; sweeping and hasty generalizations; dysfunctional reductions and exclusions; and special pleading with regard to sources). ...

Postcolonialism

Postcolonialism   Reference library

George Heffernan

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,413 words

...of the Roman Empire nor the fall of the city of Rome is etiologically related to ‘Christian times’ ( tempora Christiana : 1.1, 1.7, 1.15, 1.30, 1.33, 3.22–3, 3.31, 5.22, 13.19; s . 81.7–9, 105.8, 296.9). The inference post hoc ergo propter hoc is a fallacy. From the foundation of the city, according to Aug., Rome flourished by waging unjust wars ( civ . 2.18). To say that the Roman Empire had to be extended by constant war is to beg the question whether...

Atonement and Reconciliation

Atonement and Reconciliation   Reference library

Sibylle Rolf

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,260 words

...WA 40/II:370, 19–21: “Est itaque mirabilis haec definitio Christianae iustitiae, quod sit imputatio seu reputatio divina pro iustitia vel ad iustitiam propter fidem in Christum vel propter Christum” (LW 26:233). 38. Such external attribution could be suggested by the distinction between effective and forensic justification, in which the imputatio comes to be on the side of forensic justification. In post-Lutheran theology, the distinction between forensic and effective justification plays a much larger role than it does with Luther, for whom neither aspect...

Lutheran Orthodoxy

Lutheran Orthodoxy   Reference library

Andreas Stegmann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16,443 words

...fuisset, ut Evangelium confiteretur, non praecipisset ei Paulus, ne ipsum puderet Pauli, non quidem quoad personam, sed ut propter Evangelium vincti. Si ergo Timotheus dixisset, Ego non assentior Paulo, nec Petro, sed Christo, non ignarus, quod Petrus & Paulus Christum docerent, hoc ipso Christum abnegasset, quia Christus de illis, qui eum praedicant, inquit Luc. 10. v. 16. Qui vos suscipit, me suscipit; qui vos spernit, me spernit. Cur hoc? quia ut nuncios ejus, qui verbum ejus afferunt, tractant, perinde est, ac si ipse & verbum ejus tractetur[’]”: Gerhard, ...

Polemicist, Luther as

Polemicist, Luther as   Reference library

Thomas Kaufmann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,171 words

...Bienert , Martin Luther und die Juden (Frankfurt: Evangelisches Verlagswerk, 1982); for analysis of perspectives of comparisons see Kaufmann, “Luthers Sicht auf Judentum und Islam.” 78. WA 30/II:186, 27; cf. 186, 15ff. 79. “Ergo eadem fides Turcae et papae et Iudaeorum. Nam quando dicitur: homo per opera fit salvus, est contra hoc ec. Nisi quod papa servat den deckel und lests Evangelium predigen, Turcam palam impugnat.” WA 29:612, 17–20. 80. WA 53:601, 18–20; 468, 30ff, and 479, 24ff; WA 30/II:116, 32ff. 81. WA 53:528, 11ff; 530, 24ff, and 531, 3–4; WA...

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