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post hoc ergo propter hoc

Subject: Philosophy

(Latin, after this, so because of this)

The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of it.

post hoc ergo propter hoc

post hoc ergo propter hoc   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
29 words

... hoc ergo propter hoc (Latin, after this, so because of this) The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of...

post hoc, ergo propter hoc

post hoc, ergo propter hoc   Reference library

Penelope Mackie

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
95 words

... hoc, ergo propter hoc . ‘After this, therefore because of this.’ Strictly, the fallacy of inferring that one event is caused by another merely because it comes after it. More loosely, the fallacy (characteristic of superstitious beliefs) of assuming too readily that an event that follows another is caused by it without considering factors such as counter-evidence or the possibility of a common cause. ( Causality .) The name appears to derive from Aristotle's Rhetoric (1401 b 29–34). Dr Penelope Mackie H. W. B. Joseph , An Introduction to Logic , 2nd...

post hoc ergo propter hoc

post hoc ergo propter hoc  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(Latin, after this, so because of this)The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of it.
causality

causality   Reference library

Penelope Mackie

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,284 words

...facts cannot, strictly speaking, be causes, although they are relevant to causal explanation. What is distinctive of pairs of events related as cause and effect? Obviously, it is not sufficient , for an event to cause another, that the second happen after the first. ( Post hoc, ergo propter hoc .) Further, it has been argued that this is not even necessary, and that both simultaneous causation and ‘backwards causation’ (effects preceding their causes) are at least conceptually possible. This poses a problem. Causality appears to be an asymmetric relation (if...

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