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post hoc ergo propter hoc

Subject: Philosophy

(Latin, after this, so because of this)

The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of it.

Topos

Topos   Reference library

O. B. Hardison and E. H. Behler

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...of subsequent texts. The term is first used in a technical sense in cl. rhet., where it is treated under invention and refers to a standard line of argument based on generally accepted logical probabilities such as “possible or impossible” or “greater or lesser” or “post hoc ergo propter hoc” or “a fortiori,” as when it is argued, e.g., that, since Achilles gave in to wrath, it is not surprising that ordinary citizens sometimes do so too. Topoi can be specific to a certain type of discourse—demonstrative, legal, or epideictic—or common to all types. The...

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