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Overview

post hoc ergo propter hoc

Subject: Philosophy

(Latin, after this, so because of this)

The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of it.

Post

Post 1   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... 1 (Latin, ‘after’) Post factum (Latin) After the act has been committed. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (Latin) After this, therefore because of this. The phrase is expressive of the fallacy that because one thing follows another, the former is the cause of the latter. Because a man drinks a glass of beer and then falls over it does not follow that the beer was the cause of his fall. He may have tripped or slipped. Post-Impressionism The name applied to the phase of painting that followed impressionism . The chief exponents were Paul Cézanne ( 1839–1906 ), ...

Topos

Topos   Reference library

O. B. Hardison and E. H. Behler

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...of subsequent texts. The term is first used in a technical sense in cl. rhet., where it is treated under invention and refers to a standard line of argument based on generally accepted logical probabilities such as “possible or impossible” or “greater or lesser” or “post hoc ergo propter hoc” or “a fortiori,” as when it is argued, e.g., that, since Achilles gave in to wrath, it is not surprising that ordinary citizens sometimes do so too. Topoi can be specific to a certain type of discourse—demonstrative, legal, or epideictic—or common to all types. The...

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