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post hoc ergo propter hoc

Subject: Philosophy

(Latin, after this, so because of this)

The fallacy of arguing that because one event happened after another, it happened because of it.

Fallacies

Fallacies   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
4,433 words

...known as begging the question or circular reasoning ). Aristotle's Prior Analytics contains additional remarks, and in Rhetoric , Aristotle discusses a selection from the fallacies compiled in Sophistical Refutations , referring also to the fallacy now known as post hoc ergo propter hoc (“after this, therefore on account of this”). [ See Dialectic .] In Sophistical Refutations , Aristotle distinguishes thirteen different types of incorrect refutations and indicates how these false moves can be parried. He divides the dialectical fallacies into two...

Fallacy

Fallacy   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Argumentum ad populum [Latin: argument directed at the people]. An appeal to popular opinion, bias, and inclination. (4) Non sequitur [Latin: it does not follow]. A statement in which the premisses of an argument do not lead to the conclusion provided. (5) Post hoc ergo propter hoc [Latin: after this therefore because of this]. Asserting that because A came before B, A caused B. ...

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