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perspectivism

See also epistemology; Thomas theorem. 1. Broadly, the stance that the truth of any knowledge or fact is tied to a particular frame of ...

Ibn al-Ḥaytham

Ibn al-Ḥaytham   Reference library

Nader El-Bizri

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
4,990 words

...through natural philosophy, common sense, or a simple procedure of abstraction. Ibn al-Ḥaytham anticipated in this the seventeenth-century conceptions of extensio by Descartes, and Leibniz’s analysis situs , in addition to Girard Desargues’s reflections on spatiality in perspectivism and projective geometry. Ibn al-Ḥaytham’s definition of al-makān (place) attracted a bold critique (albeit unsuccessful) in defense of Aristotle’s physical definition of topos , by the thirteenth-century natural philosopher ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baghdādī (d. c. 1231 ce ), in...

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