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perspectivism

See also epistemology; Thomas theorem. 1. Broadly, the stance that the truth of any knowledge or fact is tied to a particular frame of ...

standpoint theory

standpoint theory   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
482 words

...seek to minimize this problem by emphasizing intersubjective communication as a way of reaching shared understanding. Jürgen Habermas is a notable example. Others accept the inevitability of standpoint but refuse to privilege any in particular (a position sometimes called perspectivism...

cartography

cartography   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
727 words

...as reminders or as spatial stories, than as scientific representations of the world based on surveyed data. Replacing the piecemeal frameworks of medieval cartography was the adoption of a single universal system of measuring and representing the world that utilized linear perspectivism and Cartesian rationality, underpinned by notions of objectivity , functionality, and ordering. The resulting transformation in cartographic thinking made the world knowable, navigable, and claimable through a shared framework of scientific endeavour that was translatable...

Nietzsche, Friedrich

Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844–1900)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,858 words

...are animals, an eagle and a serpent, and by the fact that it is the eagle and serpent who first state Nietzsche's doctrine of the eternal return in Thus Spake Zarathustra . On a theoretical level, it is demonstrated by Nietzsche's epistemological position, known as perspectivism , in which he rejects epistemological anthropocentrism and explicitly acknowledges the views and values of nonhuman creatures. Stating in a note collected in The Will to Power that the attempt to privilege human interpretations and values is “one of the hereditary madnesses...

Tukanoan Indians (Northwest Amazonia)

Tukanoan Indians (Northwest Amazonia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
3,186 words

...A View from the Rain Forest. ” Man 11 (NS 1976), 307–18. Reichel-Dolmatoff, Gerardo . Amazonian Cosmos: The Sexual and Religious Symbolism of the Tukano Indians . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971. Viveiros de Castro, Eduardo . “ Cosmological Deixis and Amerindian Perspectivism. ” The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 4 (NS 1998), 469–88. See also: Amazonia ; Animism (various) ; Ethnobotany ; Ethnoecology ; Rainforests (Central and South America) ; Reichel-Dolmatoff, Gerardo – and Ethnoecology in Colombia ; Rubber Tappers ; ...

Copland, Aaron

Copland, Aaron (14 Nov 1900)   Reference library

Howard Pollack

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
7,320 words
Illustration(s):
4

... PNM , xix (1980–81), 31–3 [incl. tributes by composers and colleagues] N. Butterworth : The Music of Aaron Copland (London, 1985) H. Pollack : Aaron Copland: the Life and Work of an Uncommon Man (New York, 1999) J. Tick and G Levin : Aaron Copland's America: a Cultural Perspectiv e (New York, 2000) P. Dickinson , ed.: Copland Connotations: Studies and Interviews (Rochester, 2004) E.B. Crist : Music for the Common Man: Aaron Copland During the Depression and War (New York, 2005) C. Oja and J. Tick , eds: Aaron Copland and His World (Princeton,...

Poststructuralism and Security

Poststructuralism and Security   Reference library

Lene Hansen

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,598 words

...683–710. Weber, C. (2006b) Imagining America at War: Morality, Politics, and Film . London: Routledge. Wendt, A. (1999) Social Theory of International Relations . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Wight, C. (1999) Meta-Campbell: The Epistemological Problems of Perspectivism. Review of International Studies 25(2), 311–16. Williams, M.C. (2003) Words, Images, Enemies: Securitization and International Politics. International Studies Quarterly 47(4), 511–31. Williams, M.C. (2005) What Is the National Interest? The Neoconservative Challenge in...

The Third Debate and Postpositivism

The Third Debate and Postpositivism   Reference library

Thierry Balzacq and Stéphane J. Baele

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,917 words

...:24). Lapid ( 1989 :249) concludes that “for many years the international relations discipline has had the dubious honor of being among the least self-reflexive of the Western social sciences.” In this context, (neo)liberal and (neo)realist approaches are accused of lacking “perspectivism,” that is, of failing to operate reflexively vis-à-vis their objects and modes of inquiry. They are seen as sharing the same questionable ontological and epistemological “unspoken presuppositions” ( Ashley and Walker 1990 :263), given that they consider their objects of study...

Daoism

Daoism   Reference library

James D. SELLMANN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,087 words

...live in harmony with others and the natural environment. Zhuangzi develops Daoist environmental philosophy. Some scholars postulate that Zhuangzi may have been the warden of a forest reserve; he certainly was familiar with local flora and fauna. Zhuangzi advocates a type of perspectivism: He states that each creature is limited in its understanding by the perspective from which it experiences the world. He gives numerous examples of how different creatures find different habitats and foods pleasing. He maintains that there is no single correct or privileged...

Art in the Postcolonial Imagination and as Tools of Conviviality

Art in the Postcolonial Imagination and as Tools of Conviviality   Reference library

Cameron McCarthy

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Curriculum Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
4,262 words

...This radical cannibalization of forms and traditions works toward a destabilization of the master narrative of the artist as the grand artisan, self-sufficient and fully self-referential. Underlying this methodological practice of double coding is a philosophical objective of perspectivism, mongrelism, a concerted fragmentation of auteurism, modernist ambition, and wish fulfillment, and the dream of authorial plenitude. This antihumanist humanism is profoundly formulated in Wilson Harris’s ( 1975 ) Companions of the Day and Night , a novel that foregrounds...

Judgment as the Imagination of Futures: Practical Rationality in Decisions on Complex Issues

Judgment as the Imagination of Futures: Practical Rationality in Decisions on Complex Issues   Reference library

Michael J. Mazarr

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Political Decision Making

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
15,356 words

...When we perceive, “we are making judgments about the world, and thereby making sense of it.…To see is to judge—sometimes to the point of radically revising what we actually see” ( Thiele, 2006 , pp. 2–3). This broad situation matches closely Friedrich Nietzsche’s concept of perspectivism—the idea that knowledge is not detached, abstract, “objective,” but rather built up through a constant process of engagement with the world ( Cox, 1999 , p. 115). Objects or phenomena in the world have no meaning apart from the meaning assigned to them with interpretations....

Image Repair in Crisis Communication

Image Repair in Crisis Communication   Reference library

William L. Benoit

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Crisis Analysis

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
7,721 words

...during fraud crises. Journal of Public Relations Research , 21 , 218–228. Cherwitz, R. A. , & Hikins, J. W. (1982). Toward a rhetorical epistemology. Southern Speech Communication Journal , 47 , 135–162. Cherwitz, R. A. , & Hikins, J. W. (1983). Rhetorical perspectivism. Quarterly Journal of Speech , 69 , 248–266. Compton, J. (2014). Arby’s image repair tactics as a public relations strategy. Public Relations Review , 40 , 122–124. Compton, J. , & Miller, B. (2011). Image repair in late night comedy: Letterman and the Palin joke controversy...

Social Cartography in Educational Research

Social Cartography in Educational Research   Reference library

Rene Suša and Vanessa de Oliveira Andreotti

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods in Education

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
7,617 words
Illustration(s):
1

...perspectives on global citizenship education (pp. 68–83). New York, NY: Routledge. Flax, J. (1990). Thinking fragments: Psychoanalysis, feminism and postmodernism in the contemporary West . Berkeley: University of California Press. Gorostiaga, J. M. (2017). Perspectivism and social cartography: Contributions to comparative education. Educação & Realidade , 42 (3), 877–898. Harley, J. B. (1988). Maps, knowledge, and power. In D. Cosgrove & S. Daniels (Eds.), The iconography of landscape: Essays on the symbolic representation, design and...

Critical Realism for Ethnography

Critical Realism for Ethnography   Reference library

Grant Banfield

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods in Education

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
7,954 words

...Vidich & Stanford, 2000 , p. 56). The expulsion of values from ethnography’s fact finding was not an easy matter. The early philosophical challenge to Humean positivism came from Immanuel Kant ( 1724–1804 ). The Kantian path from empirical realism was via a post-positivist perspectivism that Kant called “transcendental idealism.” It insisted that what is known carries the imprint of subjectivity. Agreeing with Locke and Hume that only nominal essences could be known, Kant argued that “things in themselves” were unknowable. Importantly, this did not deny the...

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