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Overview

perspectivism

See also epistemology; Thomas theorem. 1. Broadly, the stance that the truth of any knowledge or fact is tied to a particular frame of ...

Chamier, George

Chamier, George   Reference library

Nelson Wattie

The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
519 words

...life on individuals with a degree of ironic detachment, yet with a wealth of significant detail. Written thirty years after the events they describe, they also have historical perspective. Because of a certain wordiness and perhaps the demanding complexities of the multi-perspectivism, Chamier's books have never won more than ambiguous praise. They are rewarding for all that. Nelson...

James, Henry

James, Henry   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
10,975 words

...of dialogue are starkly juxtaposed with passages of focused description and minute interpretation, creating an effect at once intensely dramatic and strikingly stylized. His characteristic themes undergo a similar metamorphosis. Many of the works of this period take the perspectivism of his earlier work and combine it with his growing concern with the vicissitudes of hidden, sexual knowledge, and push both further, giving us a world of sexual conspiracy rendered in the consciousness of a switchboard operator ( In the Cage ) or an innocent child being used...

Agudeza

Agudeza   Reference library

L. Middlebrook

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... agudeza is often translated as “wit” or “witticism.” In the 17th c., however, it was far from mere wordplay. The verbal agudeza is the product of a keen mod. mind sharpened on social, economic, and spiritual disillusionments ( desengaños ) and saturated in a culture of perspectivism and a general rationalist distancing from earlier passions and beliefs. Agudeza is not restricted to sophisticated aphorisms and conceits . Strictly speaking, those are conceptos , although the terms are subject to slippage. While agudeza is sometimes used for concepto ,...

Realism

Realism   Reference library

M. Winkler

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...the 1870s. A solution to this critical dilemma would be to avoid the designation realistic altogether, speak of “poetry in the age of realism” instead, and point out its “realistic” aspects. The alternative is to accept for poetry a paradigm shift that sees all reality as perspectivism and a construction. In this sense, it would be legitimate to include both “socialist” and “magic” realism in its basic definition. Bibliography V. da Sola Pinto , “Realism in English Poetry,” E&S 25 (1939) ; R. Wellek , “The Concept of Realism in Literary Scholarship,” ...

Baroque

Baroque   Reference library

C. Johnson

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
4,989 words

...Baroque aesthetic practices circulate from Western Europe to Eastern Europe and follow imperial routes to the Americas, where they combine with indigenous forms. Moreover, the mid-20th c. emergence of neobaroque aesthetics and discourse in which hybridity, recursivity, perspectivism, and often parody are paramount, suggests at once the vitality of the baroque style and period concept and that the baroque should continue to play a crucial role in the critique of modernity. I. History of the Term and Concept. The Eng. word baroque comes, by way of...

Indigenous Studies: Brazil

Indigenous Studies: Brazil   Reference library

Tracy Devine Guzmán

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
11,825 words

...for decades that Native individuals and communities in Brazil (and elsewhere) share and partake in what he calls “Amerindian perspectivism.” As he explains: “In this absolute discourse, each kind of being appears to itself—as human—even as it already acts by manifesting its distinct and definitive animal, plant, or spirit nature.” 64 Thus presuming “an epistemology that remains constant and variable ontologies,” perspectivism holds that diverse “existents”—animals, plants, spirits land formations, bodies of water, and so on—are “persons” who present...

Mimesis

Mimesis   Reference library

S. Halliwell

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
2,189 words

...advances a conception of (visual) mimesis as having a “qualitative” rather than replicatory relationship to what it represents. The Sophist distinguishes between two types of mimesis, “eicastic” (reliant on objective accuracy) and “phantastic” (involving a viewer-dependent perspectivism): the implications for poetry are not developed, though there are links with parts of Republic 10. Finally, the Laws contains many thoughts on mimesis, incl. an intricate analysis of the plural criteria (truth/fidelity, benefit, pleasure, beauty) by which the success of...

ROMANTIC

ROMANTIC   Reference library

Élisabeth Décultot

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
3,766 words

...a romance. At the heart of the notion there is thus less an intrinsic quality of the object than a quality of the way the object is experienced. That is what C. Brentano says in his romance Godwi ( 1800–1802 ): “The romantic is thus a lens” ( Das Romantische ist also ein Perspectiv ) (2:258). If “romantic”/ romantisch implies a relation to the subject, it presupposes in addition a specific relation to art and to nature, or more precisely, a strict reversal of the traditional principle of mimêsis . In romantic experience nature is perceived through the...

Laughter

Laughter   Reference library

Anca Parvulescu

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
10,403 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Don Quijote , 52. 15. If we agree that the Quijote is the first modern novel, inventing, among other things, the very notion of fictionality as unreliability, arguably the Western literary project is foundationally anchored in this instance of racialization. 16. On the perspectivism inherent in Zoroida’s use of the Arabic word marfuces , see Leo Spitzer , Linguistic and Literary History: Essays in Stylistics (New York: Russell & Russell, 1962). Spitzer writes: “She is using an originally Arabic word for ‘treacherous’ which had come to be borrowed by...

Critique

Critique   Reference library

Charlie Blake

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
14,592 words

...falsification of that which is paradoxically also a falsification, and so on down the line. Accordingly, the only possibility for true critique in this epistemological hall of mirrors lies with his doctrine—or perhaps more accurately a style of thinking—that he calls “perspectivism.” Perspectivism is a conceptual orientation reiterated by Nietzsche at various points, notably in his notes posthumously collected as The Will to Power , in which he famously iterates at various points and in various permutations that there are no facts but only interpretations—and...

Rhizome

Rhizome   Reference library

Claire Colebrook

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
11,440 words

...or aspect of the composed world, offers a way to think about the world as a whole. In his book on Leibniz, Deleuze describes this as a unique form of perspectivism. Rather than say that it is impossible to know truth or reality as it is because we subjects are trapped in the bias of our unique perspectives, he redefines the world as the dynamic whole that is composed from multiple perspectives. 22 Perspectivism does not preclude the truth; truth is multiple, composed from all the perceptions that make up the world. Rhizomatic reading, thinking, and existing...

HISTORY

HISTORY   Reference library

François Hartog and Michael Werner

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
11,998 words

...Droysen, and later Max Weber , posited that historical knowledge does remain possible, as long as we accept its provisional status, due to the fundamental historicity of the categories of perception and analysis used by the historian. It is precisely this account of the perspectivism of knowledge and its anchor in an ever-moving present that gives specificity to the knowledge of a historian. The result is a plurality of forms of presentation that correspond to the variability of the questions posed and the transformations of the historical gaze....

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