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perspectivism

See also epistemology; Thomas theorem. 1. Broadly, the stance that the truth of any knowledge or fact is tied to a particular frame of ...

Ortega y Gasset, José

Ortega y Gasset, José (1883–1955)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
254 words

...the rise of Franco, however, Ortega chose exile in Argentina and Portugal. When he finally returned to Spain in 1946 he founded in Madrid the Institute of Humanities, where he taught and wrote for the last years of his life. Philosophically Ortega argued for what he called ‘perspectivism’. The world, he insisted, can be known only from a specific point of view. He consequently took as the fundamental feature of his theory of knowledge not mind or matter but ‘perspective’. All perspectives were equally valid. The only indubitably false perspective was that...

Pérez, Loida Maritza

Pérez, Loida Maritza (b. 1963)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
721 words

...not aware of this past history. The book details the points of view of at least five family members and the doings of four more. Pérez explains that she wrote it this way to avoid focusing on just one character's perspective, as is typical with coming-of-age novels. The rich perspectivism, the excavation of past history and memory, and the moments of magic and the uncanny make at times for an unwieldy narrative. The awkward ending with its double rape is hardly credible. But the book's depth, psychological acuity, and lack of sentimentality outweigh its...

Novel

Novel   Reference library

Beatriz de Alba-Koch, Beatriz de Alba-Koch, Josna Rege, Harry Aveling, and Teri Shaffer Yamada

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
6,398 words
Illustration(s):
1

...techniques. His Memórias póstumas de Brás Cubas ( 1881 ; English trans., Epitaph of a Small Winner , 1952 ), a narration from the grave, is an early manifestation of the fantastic; his Dom Casmurro ( 1899 ; English trans., Dom Casmurro , 1953 ) is a forerunner of perspectivism. The predicament of women was paralleled in some nineteenth-century works to that of racially marginalized groups. A growing fascination among writers with the region's indigenous peoples gave rise to indianismo and indigenismo ; the former offers a romanticized portrayal...

Indigenous Policy and Politics in 20th-century Brazil

Indigenous Policy and Politics in 20th-century Brazil   Reference library

Seth W. Garfield

Oxford Encyclopedia of Brazilian History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
History
Length:
11,081 words

...Indians, the focus on cosmology and world-making practices privileges a Native-centered approach to history, including processes of interethnic contact. 73 Particularly influential in the field of anthropological theory has been Eduardo Viveiros de Castro’s concept of perspectivism. Challenging traditional Western ontological divisions between nature and culture (the former, purportedly universal, objective, and physical; the latter, particular, subjective, and social), Viveiros de Castro argues that Native Amazonians see a world inhabited by persons,...

Indigenous Societies in Brazil before the European Arrival

Indigenous Societies in Brazil before the European Arrival   Reference library

Denise Maria Cavalcante Gomes

Oxford Encyclopedia of Brazilian History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
History
Length:
8,106 words
Illustration(s):
1

...das Letras, 1992), 53–86. 38. Denise Maria Cavalcante Gomes , “ Politics and Ritual in Large Villages in Santarém, Lower Amazon, Brazil ,” Cambridge Archaeological Journal 27, no. 2 (2017): 275–293. 39. Eduardo Viveiros de Castro , “Cosmological Deixis and Amerindian Perspectivism,” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 4, no. 3 (1988): 469–488. 40. Pierre Clastres , “A sociedade contra o Estado,” in A sociedade contra o Estado: Pesquisas de antropologia política (São Paulo: Cosac Naify, 2003), 11–79. 41. Carolina Levis et al.,...

Water and Sewers in the American City

Water and Sewers in the American City   Reference library

Joel A. Tarr

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
8,027 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the evolution of these systems. Melosi’s work on both water and wastewater systems must be the starting point for any investigation of these topics. Many comprehensive articles are included in Tarr’s volume The Search for the Ultimate Sink: Urban Pollution in Historical Perspectiv e and Devastation and Renewal: An Environmental History of Pittsburgh and Its Region . 50 Early methods of dealing with household plumbing issues are insightfully analyzed in Maureen Ogle’s All the Modern Conveniences: American Household Plumbing, 1840–1890 . 51 In...

A Historical View on Attitudes and Persuasion

A Historical View on Attitudes and Persuasion   Reference library

Pablo Briñol, Richard E. Petty, and Joshua J. Guyer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of Modern Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, History
Length:
13,957 words

...the modification and distortion of judgments. In H. Guetzkow (Ed.), Groups, leadership, and men (pp. 177–190). Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Press. Banaji, M. R. (2004). The opposite of a great truth is also true. In J. T. Jost , M. R. Banaji , & D. A. Prentice (Eds.), Perspectivism in social psychology: The yin and yang of scientific progress (pp. 127–140). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Bargh, J. A. (1999). The cognitive monster: The case against the controllability of automatic stereotype effects. In S. Chaiken & Y. Trope (Eds...

The History of Psychology in Brazil

The History of Psychology in Brazil   Reference library

Regina Helena de Freitas Campos

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of Modern Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, History
Length:
14,256 words

...her role had always been prescribed. This role was inscribed in the village structure itself, where the localization of the habitations and the rules for inhabiting them determined the social roles and the villagers’ vision of the world. This vision, generically denominated “perspectivism” in anthropology ( Viveiros de Castro, 2002 ), sees the world as inhabited by different species of subjects (human and nonhuman), which apprehend it from different points of view. In this mosaic of perspectives, both humans and animals can look upon one another as people,...

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