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perspectivism

See also epistemology; Thomas theorem. 1. Broadly, the stance that the truth of any knowledge or fact is tied to a particular frame of ...

perspectivism

perspectivism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
88 words

... See also Thomas theorem ; compare objectivism . 1. Broadly, the stance that the truth of any knowledge or fact is tied to a particular frame of reference (McGuire); see also epistemology . 2. (philosophy) A relativist and anti-objectivist theory (particularly associated with Nietzsche) that there can be radically different views of reality which are incommensurable : see also translatability . The Sapir–Whorf hypothesis is a form of perspectivism; the categorization systems of each language represent different...

perspectivism

perspectivism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
80 words

... ( perspectivalism ) The view that all truth is truth from or within a particular perspective. The perspective may be a general human point of view, set by such things as the nature of our sensory apparatus, or it may be thought to be bound by culture, history, language, class, or gender. Since there may be many perspectives, there are also different families of truths. The term is frequently applied to Nietzsche ’s philosophy. See also relativism , scepticism...

cosmological perspectivism

cosmological perspectivism ([Th])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
106 words

...perspectivism [Th] A kind of animism developed by Viveiros de Castro on the basis of studying Amerindian cosmologies in which all beings occupy a referential point of view that makes all other beings like them in physical form, with common emotional, sensory, and symbolic understandings. In this sense humans and non-humans are believed to have a soul, and thus to have a point of view or ‘perspective’. While the life of non-humans is governed by the same values as humans, what may be different is the actual things that non-humans perceive and the...

perspectivism

perspectivism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
92 words
perspectivism

perspectivism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
85 words
perspectivism

perspectivism noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
48 words
perspectivism

perspectivism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also epistemology; Thomas theorem.1. Broadly, the stance that the truth of any knowledge or fact is tied to a particular frame of reference (McGuire).2. (philosophy) A relativist and ...
Thomas Theorem

Thomas Theorem  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A concept formulated by the American sociologist William Isaac Thomas (1863–1967) that ‘“*facts” do not have a uniform existence apart from the persons who observe and interpret them. Rather, the ...
Ernest Sosa

Ernest Sosa  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1940– ).Romeo Elton Professor of Natural Theology at Brown University, recognized for contributions in epistemology, metaphysics, and the philosophy of mind. Sosa is best known for ‘virtue ...
José Ortega y Gasset

José Ortega y Gasset  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1883–1955)Spanish philosopher, opponent of Franco and critic of modern democracy.Born in Madrid of wealthy parents, Ortega was educated at the University of Madrid, where he obtained his doctorate ...
Protagoras

Protagoras  

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Philosophy
Of Abdera (c.490–420 bc), the most celebrated of the sophists. He travelled widely throughout the Greek world, including several visits to Athens, where he was associated with Pericles. He was ...
relativism

relativism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The doctrine that knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context, and are not absolute.
Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(b Röcken, 15 Oct. 1844; d Weimar, 25 Aug. 1900).German philosopher. His influence on 19th- and 20th-century thought has been profound. He first met Wagner in 1868 and under ...
skyscape archaeology

skyscape archaeology ([Ge])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
91 words

...common in archaeoastronomy , focusing instead on the sociocultural contexts in which elements of particular skyscapes were made meaningful to past communities. Skyscape archaeology draws on a range of theoretical and interpretative tools, including phenomenology and perspectivism...

ontological turn

ontological turn ([Th])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
125 words

...turn [Th] A new way of thinking (or turn) in anthropology and archaeology that developed around 2010 through the work of Philippe Descola, Eduardo Viveiros de Castro, and Bruno Latour, amongst others. A kind of perspectivism, it focuses on understanding differences in cultural phenomena not as different interpretations of a singular world but rather as alternative realities and other ways of being that exist in parallel with our own. Thus, rather than trying to use modern perspectives to understand other cultures (whether past or present), it...

animism

animism ([Th])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
110 words

...may be found. One of the four main ontological perspectives identified by Philippe Descola in his ontological grid; the opposite of naturalism . In archaeology the idea of animism is sometimes use to build ontologies of past communities, often through cosmological perspectivism...

Schacht, Richard

Schacht, Richard   Reference library

Stephen Priest

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
122 words

...of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Schacht's writings make room for some understanding between philosophers writing in the ‘analytical’ tradition and so-called ‘modern continental philosophy’. Notably, Nietzsche ( 1983 ) presents arguments for and against that philosopher's perspectivism and repudiation of Western morality in an idiom that is not Nietzschean but which preserves many of Nietzsche's insights. In Alienation ( 1971 ), Hegel and After: Studies in Continental Philosophy between Kant and Sartre ( 1975 ), and Classical Modern Philosophers:...

Thomas theorem

Thomas theorem   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
134 words

... is what Merton came to call a self-fulfilling prophecy (as in cases of ‘mind over matter’). It is at the heart of symbolic interactionism. See also constitutive models ; constructionism ; context of situation ; contextual meaning ; frame of reference ; framing ; perspectivism ; situational knowledge . ...

Sosa, Ernest

Sosa, Ernest   Reference library

John Heil

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
151 words

...Ernest ( 1940–  ). Romeo Elton Professor of Natural Theology at Brown University, recognized for contributions in epistemology, metaphysics, and the philosophy of mind. Sosa is best known for ‘virtue perspectivism’, an attempt to reconcile traditional ‘coherentist’ and ‘foundationalist’ epistemological concerns. On this view, whether a belief constitutes knowledge depends both on how it was produced and on the believer's perspective on his own situation as knower. To be candidates for knowledge, beliefs must be products of truth-conducive intellectual...

Protagoras of Abdera

Protagoras of Abdera (c.490–420)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
187 words

...precise meaning is debatable, for unless it leads to subjective idealism , as in Berkeley , it seems to leave the one object possessing contradictory properties, if one person takes it one way and another takes it in a contradictory way ( see peritrope , but see also perspectivism ). It seems clear that while Protagoras believed that each person’s sense perceptions are true (for their owner), he also believed that moral and political doctrines, to which his relativism might seem especially well-adapted, are capable of improvement and can be taught. It...

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