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Water Transportation

Water Transportation   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
17,247 words
Illustration(s):
4

...eighteenth century, originally carried both square and fore-and-aft sails on its two masts. Reduced to just fore-and-aft sails, schooners could add masts, getting to as many as seven in the last days of sail. Other two-masted ships or even large single-masted ships with perpendicular sides, a single deck, and easily workable rig, such as the smack , the Dutch tjalk , and the kof , supplanted larger types of older design in intra-European trades in the north. Two-masters proved especially useful for coastal or regional trade, which enjoyed rapid growth...

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