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Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
4,073 words

...England was well supplied with parish churches, cathedrals, and monasteries by the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Perpendicular Gothic style, which had come into use about 1350 , was unique to England, although it had some similarities to Flamboyant Gothic in France. English Perpendicular buildings were characterized by large windows, divided into sections by stone tracery bars meeting each other at perpendicular angles. Cathedrals and the most elaborate parish churches had fan-vaulted ceilings of stone, while the usual church had a timber...

Mathematics

Mathematics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
6,931 words

...of an infinite series of sine and cosine functions (Wilson, 1980 ); this uniformization has remained as a basic technique. He also transformed the utility of the second law itself by realizing that it could be applied in any direction, not just special ones like along or perpendicular to a path ( 1752 ); an immediate application led him to the equations named after him for the rotation of a solid body about a point. On rotation in general, he realized that the general equations of “angular momentum” (our term) needed to express it could not be obtained...

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