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perpendicular bisector

The perpendicular bisector of a line segment AB is the straight line perpendicular to AB through the midpoint of AB.

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
117,015 words
Illustration(s):
77

...from one to another with urban civilization still close at hand. The Timurids in Herat were equally alive to the delights of the garden. By the end of the 15th century the area north of the city was filled with gardens irrigated by canals. In some cases streams were diverted to bisect religious buildings such as Sultan Husayn Bayqara's madrasa and ῾Alishir's Ikhlasiyya complex. A setting for picnics, musical and literary parties, wedding and circumcision feasts, gardens also served as the locus for the quotidian affairs of state. The most splendid garden in...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
93,988 words
Illustration(s):
35

...evaporation; otherwise these buildings were generally without decoration. Olynthos (founded 432 bc , destr. 348 bc ) had a grid plan with ten lots to a block ( see also Planning , §I ). The houses were one-storey with asymmetrical plans (7c). Most were c. 18.3 m square, bisected by a pastas running east-west. The south half comprised a court, sometimes paved with cobblestones and surrounded by a peristyle (for illustration see Olynthos ); the north half comprised the main room, often with a hearth, and the kitchen and bathroom. The andron ,...

Carpet

Carpet   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
19,371 words
Illustration(s):
4

...the composition. Several examples of Garden carpets (e.g. Glasgow, Burrell Col.; the Wagner Garden Carpet) are related in technique and style to the group with depressed warps. The field schematically shows a bird’s-eye view of a Persian garden, the parterres of which are bisected by watercourses emanating from a central pond. Each parterre is filled with a variety of flowers, shrubs, trees and birds; the streams may contain fish. In such an arid land as Iran, garden iconography remained popular. Garden carpets of a more stylized character were made in...

Gothic

Gothic   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
24,481 words
Illustration(s):
2

...the latter two from their distant prototype is the adoption of large-scale fan vaults. This feature was unique to England and perhaps the single most original component of Perpendicular, extending the old Rayonnant identity of masonry and window tracery to its logical conclusion. Each rib cone, decorated with regular spokes of bifurcating tracery, exactly resembles in plan a bisected rose window. Their expense and structural indeterminacy confined fans at first to such small enterprises as porches, towers, cloister walks (the earliest extant examples are in...

Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
32,319 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the latter two from their distant prototype is the adoption of large-scale fan vaults. This feature was unique to England and perhaps the single most original component of Perpendicular, extending the old Rayonnant identity of masonry and window tracery to its logical conclusion. Each rib cone, decorated with regular spokes of bifurcating tracery, exactly resembles in plan a bisected rose window. Their expense and structural indeterminacy confined fans at first to such small enterprises as porches, towers, cloister walks (the earliest extant examples are in...

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