You are looking at 1-9 of 9 entries  for:

  • All: nuclear Freeze x
  • Regional and Area Studies x
clear all

View:

Overview

nuclear Freeze

During the Cold War, several periods of protest against nuclear weapons took place in the United States. By far the largest protest campaign involved the nuclear freeze movement. This ...

Antinuclear Protest Movements

Antinuclear Protest Movements   Reference library

Lawrence S. Wittner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...by the advent of the hawkish administration of President Ronald Reagan and the deployment of a new generation of nuclear missiles in Europe—led to a new and more powerful wave of popular protest. Organizations like SANE, Mobilization for Survival, and Physicians for Social Responsibility organized a mammoth antinuclear effort, with the largest political demonstrations in American history. The Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign garnered the support of the major churches, unions, the Democratic Party, and—according to polls—70 percent or more of the...

Nuclear Weapons and Strategy

Nuclear Weapons and Strategy   Reference library

Lawrence Freedman, Timothy J. Lynch, George Bunn, Timothy J. Lynch, Joseph M. Siracusa, and Joseph M. Siracusa

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...After all, the NPT is specifically designed to freeze the status quo. The leading nuclear states party to the treaty naturally regarded this as a positive arrangement because it preserved their status while retaining their freedom with respect to modernizing their own nuclear arsenals, which they have clearly done. But other countries such as India saw this freezing of the status quo as exclusionary on the part of the established nuclear powers and bristled at what it perceived to be the nuclear double standards of the West, Russia, and China. In any...

Peace Movements

Peace Movements   Reference library

Charles Chatfield

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...to promote broader economic and social change. The movement's radical phase peaked in 1968–1970 , after which a liberal antiwar constituency became dominant. When the nuclear-weapons issue again arose in the 1980s, peace groups helped mobilize still another large political coalition: the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign to halt the U.S.–Soviet arms race. Although Congress compromised the freeze proposal and its popular support dissolved after President Ronald Reagan proposed his Strategic Defense Initiative in March 1983 , the campaign revived arms-control...

Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of

Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of   Reference library

Bruce Cumings

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,474 words

...followed by a State Department emissary arriving in Pyongyang a month later to accuse the North of having a second nuclear program, this time in enriched uranium, that caused North Korea to retaliate by announcing an end to the plutonium freeze. Then the invasion of Iraq in March 2003 led Pyongyang to think that it might be next. Thereafter, time and time again the North proclaimed that the only way to assure its security was through a nuclear deterrent. Beijing also appeared to fear a coming clash between Washington and Pyongyang, and succeeded in...

Russia–United States Relations

Russia–United States Relations   Reference library

Allen C. Lynch

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,413 words

...nuclear threats induced Khrushchev to negotiate the removal of the missiles in exchange for a US pledge not to invade Cuba and, secretly, to remove obsolete US intermediate-range nuclear missiles from Turkey . The extreme danger of the Cuban Missile Crisis, during which Kennedy thought the chances of nuclear war were between 33 and 50 percent, led to a series of periodic steps by the two nuclear superpowers to regulate their competition so that there would be no “Cubas” in the future. Such measures included: ■ signature of the Limited Nuclear Test...

United Nations

United Nations   Reference library

Ramesh Thakur

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,485 words

...outside the ICC. Nuclear Weapons. The nuclear arms control regime centered on the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) is under challenge on many fronts. Against the backdrop of the threat of the NPT fraying and a cascade of proliferation, interest in the long-standing goal of nuclear abolition was revived by President Barack Obama . The hard core of negotiations to freeze and dismantle nuclear stockpiles, abolish nuclear weapons, and place the nuclear fuel cycle under international control will be conducted among the nine nuclear powers directly. But...

Korea, Republic of

Korea, Republic of   Reference library

Meredith Woo-Cumings

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,320 words

...in North-South relations. This culminated in the sinking of the Cheonan in March 2010 , a South Korean naval ship that went down in contested waters off of the west coast. South Korea and the United States blamed the North for this act, sending relations into a deep freeze and leading to armed clashes on South Korean islands very near the North’s borders, in the late fall of 2010 . Soon the tension subsided, however, and signs emerged that the North might return to the “Six-Party Talks” (the two Koreas, the United States , China , Japan , and Russia)...

World War II

World War II (1939–1945)   Reference library

Donald Cameron Watt, Mark A. Stoler, William L. O’Neill, Michael S. Sherry, Justus D. Doenecke, and Timothy J. Lynch

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...on armed and escorted U.S. merchant vessels, and the United States found itself engaged in a full-scale if undeclared naval war with German submarines in the Atlantic. War officially came in the Pacific when Japan responded to increasing U.S. economic sanctions, including a total freeze in the summer on Japanese assets, with a decision to go to war against Britain and the United States in an effort to obtain economic self-sufficiency before the sanctions crippled its war-making potential. The 7 December surprise naval air attack on Pearl Harbor was designed to...

Historical Overview

Historical Overview   Reference library

Andrew F. Smith, John U. Rees, Rachelle E. Friedman, John U. Rees, Alison Tozzi, Kara Newman, Anne Mendelson, Amy Bentley, Sylvia Lovegren, and Sylvia Lovegren

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...equipment such as thermal-immersion circulators, dehydrators, centrifuges, and the “anti-griddle” (a flash-freeze range top), along with syringes, liquid nitrogen, and hydrocolloids were used to create such foods as champagne gelée with caviar and white chocolate fizz; or Japanese oyster with yuzu cloud and citrus pop rock foam; or foie gras served with cherry-yuzu gelée, bacon dust, and aerated ginger brioche; or pork belly with kimchee consommé, freeze-dried banana, and wasabi peanut butter powder; or a deconstructed tuna Nicoise featuring quail egg cooked at...

View: